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Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2013

Don Husereau*
senior associate; adjunct professor of medicine; senior scientist Institute of Health Economics, Edmonton, Canada; Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine. University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada; University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Austria
Michael Drummond
co-editor-in-chief, Value in Health; professor of health economics Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York, UK
Stavros Petrou
professor of health economics Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
Chris Carswell
editor Pharmacoeconomics, Adis International, Auckland, New Zealand
David Moher
senior scientist Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
Dan Greenberg
associate professor and chairman; visiting assistant professor Department of Health Systems Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel; Center for the Evaluation of Value and Risk in Health, Tufts Medical Center, Boston MA, USA
Federico Augustovski
director; professor of public health Health Economic Evaluation and Technology Assessment, Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS), Buenos Aires, Argentina; Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Andrew H Briggs
William R Lindsay chair of health economics, health economics and health technology assessment Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
Josephine Mauskopf
vice president of health economics RTI Health Solutions, Research Triangle Park NC, USA
Elizabeth Loder
chief of division; clinical epidemiology editor, BMJ Division of Headache and Pain, Brigham and Women's/Faulkner Neurology, Faulkner Hospital, Boston MA, USA; Clinical Epidemiology Editor, BMJ, London, UK
Correspondence to: D Husereau, 879 Winnington Ave, Ottawa, ON K2B 5C4,


Economic evaluations of health interventions pose a particular challenge for reporting. There is also a need to consolidate and update existing guidelines and promote their use in a user friendly manner. The Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) statement is an attempt to consolidate and update previous health economic evaluation guidelines efforts into one current, useful reporting guidance. The primary audiences for the CHEERS statement are researchers reporting economic evaluations and the editors and peer reviewers assessing them for publication.

The need for new reporting guidance was identified by a survey of medical editors. A list of possible items based on a systematic review was created. A two round, modified Delphi panel consisting of representatives from academia, clinical practice, industry, government, and the editorial community was conducted. Out of 44 candidate items, 24 items and accompanying recommendations were developed. The recommendations are contained in a user friendly, 24 item checklist. A copy of the statement, accompanying checklist, and this report can be found on the ISPOR Health Economic Evaluations Publication Guidelines Task Force website (

We hope CHEERS will lead to better reporting, and ultimately, better health decisions. To facilitate dissemination and uptake, the CHEERS statement is being co-published across 10 health economics and medical journals. We encourage other journals and groups, to endorse CHEERS. The author team plans to review the checklist for an update in five years.

Creative Commons
This article is a joint publication by the International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care and the following journals: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, BMC Medicine, BMJ, Clinical Therapeutics, Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation, The European Journal of Health Economics, Journal of Medical Economics, Pharmacoeconomics, and Value in Health. Each publisher holds its own copyright.
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013

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