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Penta-band rectangular slot antenna for multi-function wireless communication with linear and circular polarizations

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 January 2023

Haiyang Wang
Affiliation:
The School of Physics and Electronic Information, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, China
Xiaoming Liu*
Affiliation:
The School of Physics and Electronic Information, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, China Wuhu CEPREI Information Industry Technology Research Institute, Wuhu, Anhui 241002, China
Xiaofan Yang
Affiliation:
The State Key Laboratory of Complex Electromagnetic Environment Effects on Electronic and Information System, Luoyang, Henan 471004, China
Zhibin Fang
Affiliation:
Wuhu CEPREI Information Industry Technology Research Institute, Wuhu, Anhui 241002, China
Ran Zhang
Affiliation:
The School of Physics and Electronic Information, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, China
Ye Wang
Affiliation:
The School of Physics and Electronic Information, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, China
*
Author for correspondence: Xiaoming Liu, E-mail: xiaoming.liu@ahnu.edu.cn

Abstract

This paper presents a multi-band rectangular slot antenna, which can be used in Beidou navigation system, 4G, WLAN and 5G system. The proposed antenna adopts a single feeding line, generating circular polarization for satellite navigation, and linear polarization for mobile communication systems. The proposed antenna consists of three c-type resonators and three rectangular loop slots. A c-type resonator and a rectangular loop slot work together to produce a usable frequency band. Multiple frequency bands can be generated by increasing the number of c-type resonator and rectangular loop slots. It is found that the c-type resonator changes the current distribution on the antenna surface, making the axial ratio less than 3 dB in the low frequency bands. Eventually, five operation frequency bands are realized. Experimentally, it is verified that the impedance bandwidths of each frequency band are 11.8% (1.12–1.26 GHz), 15.4% (1.5–1.75 GHz), 11.9% (2.36–2.66 GHz), 19.7% (3.15–3.84 GHz) and 2.6% (4.47–4.59 GHz), respectively. The measured 3 dB axial ratio bandwidths are 20 MHz at 1.2 and 1.56 GHz, fully covering BDS B1 and B2 bands. The measured gains are 3, 3.59, 4.07, 4.2 and 4.35 dBi, respectively.

Type
Antenna Design, Modelling and Measurements
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press in association with the European Microwave Association

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