Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-747cfc64b6-dkhcg Total loading time: 0.28 Render date: 2021-06-14T22:59:25.741Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Design of ultra-wide tetra band phased array inverted T-shaped patch antennas using DGS with beam-steering capabilities for 5G applications

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 January 2020

Muhammad Anas
Affiliation:
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
Hifsa Shahid
Affiliation:
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
Abdul Rauf
Affiliation:
Department of Electrical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
Abdullah Shahid
Affiliation:
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
Corresponding

Abstract

A novel 1 × 4 phased array elliptical inverted T-shaped slotted sectored patch antenna with defected ground structure (DGS), resonate at proposed ultra-wide tetra band at 28, 43, 51, and 64 GHz with high gain and beam-steering capabilities is presented. An inverted T-shaped slotted stub is used with the sectored patch to achieve ultra-wideband properties. In order to resonate the antenna at four different bands, DGS of round bracket slot is etched on the ground. The 1 × 4 phased arrays are used at the top edge and bottom edge of mobile PCB with high gain. The simulation results show that the antenna has four ultra-wide bands: 25.8–29.7, 40.6–44.6, 49.2–53.1, and 62.2–74 GHz with a maximum gain of 16.5 dBi at 51 GHz. The phased array antenna is capable to steer its main beam within ±30° at the 26, 28, and 43 GHz, using appropriate phase shifts of each antenna element. The proposed millimeter wave antenna is particularly suitable for cellular infrastructures and can be a candidate for emerging 5G mobile applications. The availability of an additional 11.8 GHz (62.2–74 GHz) of contiguous unlicensed spectrum will allow the launching of new exciting wireless services.

Type
Research Papers
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press and the European Microwave Association 2020

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Ming, L (2015) The disruptive nature of 5G - revolutionary new use cases and implications for industry. Future mobile communication forum. Copenhagen, DenmarkGoogle Scholar
Afif, O, Federico, B, Volker, B, Katsutoshi, K, Patrick, M and Michal, M (2014) Scenarios for 5G mobile and wireless communications. IEEE Communications Magazine 52, 2635.Google Scholar
Jeffrey, G, Stefano, B, Wan, C, Stephen, V, Hanly, AE, Anthony, CK and Jianzhong, Z (2014) What will 5G be. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 32, 10651082.Google Scholar
World Radiocommunication Conference (2015) Agenda for the 2019 World Radiocommunication, RESOLUTION 809, Geneva, Switzerland. Retrieved from https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/itu-r/opb/act/R-ACT-WRC.12-2015-PDF-E.pdfGoogle Scholar
Reports of the Commander's critical information requirements (1990), Attenuation by Atmospheric Gases, Doc. Rep. 719-3, Geneva. Retrieved from http://search.itu.int/history/HistoryDigitalCollectionDocLibrary/4.282.43.en.1002.pdfGoogle Scholar
Use of Spectrum Bands above 24 GHz for Mobile Radio Services. in Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 15 FCC Record 138A1, 2015.Google Scholar
Yong, L, Chunting, W, Hongwei, Y, Ning, L, Hualong, Z and Xiali, L (2017) A 5G MIMO antenna manufactured by 3D. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 16, 657660.Google Scholar
Wu, D, Cheung, S, Yuk, T and Sun, X (2013) A planar MIMO antenna for mobile phones. Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS 2013), 11501152.Google Scholar
Amit, SB and Mithilesh, K (2014) Microstrip patch antenna for radiolocation using DGS with improved gain and bandwidth. in 2014 International Conference on Advances in Engineering and Technology Research, ICAETR 2014, Unnao, India.Google Scholar
Mukesh, KK, Binod, KK and Sachin, K (2017) Defected ground structure: fundamentals, analysis, and applications in modern wireless trends. International Journal of Antennas and Propagation 2017, 122.Google Scholar
Gary, B (2008) An introduction to defected ground structures in microstrip circuits. High Frequency Electronics Magazine 11, 5054.Google Scholar
Ashwani, SV and Ashwani, K (2011) Synthesis of microstrip lowpass filter using defected ground structures. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation 5, 1431.Google Scholar
Korany, RM and Ahmed, MM (2017) Optimised 4 × 4 millimetre-wave antenna array with DGS using hybrid ECFO-NM algorithm for 5G mobile networks. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation 11, 15161523.Google Scholar
Dawit, F, Dilip, M and Mohammed, I (2016) Bandwidth enhancement of rectangular microstrip patch antenna using defected ground structure. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 3, 428434.Google Scholar
Amanpreet, K and Rajesh, K (2017) Design and development of a stacked complementary microstrip antenna with a “π”-shaped DGS for UWB, UNII, WLAN, WiMAX, and radio astronomy wireless applications. International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies 9, 15471556.Google Scholar
Bagmancı, M, Karaaslan, M, Una, E and Özaktürk, M (2018) Wide band fractal-based perfect energy absorber and power harvester. RF and Microwave Computer aided Engineering 29, 18.Google Scholar
Akgöl, O, Özaktürk, M and Karaaslan, M (2018) Polarization independent broad band metamaterial absorber for microwave applications. RF and Microwave Computer aided Engineering 29, 110.Google Scholar
Unal, E and Bagmanci, M (2018) Strong absorption of solar energy by using wide band metamaterial absorber designed with plus-shaped resonators. International Journal of Modern Physics B 32(25) p. 1850275. Paper available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2179-10742017v16i2913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bakır, M, Muharrem, K, Dincer, K and Sabah, C (2016) Metamaterial characterization by applying different boundary conditions on triangular split ring resonator type metamaterials. The International Journal Numerical Modelling 30, 18.Google Scholar
Alkurt, F and Karaaslan, M (2019) Pattern reconfigurable metasurface to improve characteristics of low profile antenna parameters. International Journal RF and Microwave Computer aided Engineering 29, 12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Naser, O, Ming, S and Gert, FP (2015) A 28 GHz FR-4 compatible phased array antenna for 5G mobile phone applications, in 2015 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), Hobart, TAS, Australia.Google Scholar
Naser, O, Ming, S and Gert, FP (2016) End-fire phased array 5G antenna design using leaf-shaped bow-tie elements for 28/38 GHz MIMO applications. in 2016 IEEE International Conference on Ubiquitous Wireless Broadband (ICUWB), Nanjing, China.Google Scholar
Nadeem, A, Osama, H, Muhammad, AA and Saleh, A (2015) 28/38-GHz dual-band millimeter wave SIW array antenna with EBG structures for 5G applications, in 2015 International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Research, ICTRC 2015 International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Research.Google Scholar
Hanieh, A, Abdolali, A, Rashid, M, Alessandra, C and Pedram, M (2016) A single feed dual-band circularly polarized millimeter-wave antenna for 5G communication, in 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP, Davos, Switzerland.Google Scholar
Arya, AK, Kartikeyan, MV and Patnaik, A (2010) Defected ground structure, a review. FREQUENZ – Journal of RF-Engineering and Telecommunications 64, 7984.Google Scholar
Shao, QX, Ming, Z, and Yan, Z (2008) Millimeter wave technology in wireless PAN, LAN, and MAN, CRC Press (Auerbach Publications) Boca Raton, Florida, 111112.Google Scholar
Saeed, UR and Qunsheng, C (2017) Analysis of linear antenna array for minimum side lobe level, half power beamwidth, and nulls control using PSO. Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications 16, 577591.Google Scholar
Mingming, P and Anping, Z (2018) High performance 5G millimeter-wave antenna array for 37–40 GHz mobile application, Nanjing: 2018 International Workshop on Antenna Technology (iWAT), 5–7 March 2018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bin, Y, Kang, Y, Chow, Y, Desmond, S and Guangli, Y (2018) A novel 28 GHz beam steering array for 5G Mobile device. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 66, 462466.Google Scholar
Naser, O, Student, M, Ming, S, Shuai, Z and Gert, FP (2016) A switchable 3-D-coverage-phased array antenna package for 5G mobile terminals. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 12, 17471750.Google Scholar
Junho, P, Seung, YLK, Yeonwoo, K, Jaeyeong, L and Wonbin, H (2018) Hybrid antenna module concept for 28 GHz, 5G. in IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Workshop Series on 5G Hardware and System Technologies (IMWS-5G), Dublin.Google Scholar
Mohsen, K, Rahim, T, Pei, X and Ahmed, AK (2018) Broadband mm-wave microstrip array antenna. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 66, 46414647.Google Scholar
3
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Design of ultra-wide tetra band phased array inverted T-shaped patch antennas using DGS with beam-steering capabilities for 5G applications
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Design of ultra-wide tetra band phased array inverted T-shaped patch antennas using DGS with beam-steering capabilities for 5G applications
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Design of ultra-wide tetra band phased array inverted T-shaped patch antennas using DGS with beam-steering capabilities for 5G applications
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *