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A CPW-fed uniplanar dual-band tri-polarization diversity antenna based on PIN diode for the wireless communication

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 May 2017

Haixiong Li*
Affiliation:
School of Electronics and Information, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Youyi Road (West), Beilin, Xi'an city, China
Yunlong Gong
Affiliation:
School of Electronics and Information, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Youyi Road (West), Beilin, Xi'an city, China
Jiakai Zhang
Affiliation:
School of Electronics and Information, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Youyi Road (West), Beilin, Xi'an city, China
Jun Ding
Affiliation:
School of Electronics and Information, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Youyi Road (West), Beilin, Xi'an city, China
Chenjiang Guo
Affiliation:
School of Electronics and Information, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Youyi Road (West), Beilin, Xi'an city, China
*
Corresponding author: H. Li Email: lihaixiong_02@163.com

Abstract

In this paper, a coplanar waveguide (CPW)-fed dual-band uniplanar tri-polarization reconfigurable antenna based on the PIN diode switch is proposed. The proposed antenna can be reconfigured between the linear polarization (LP) and the circular polarization (CP) mode, including both the right-handed circular polarization and left-handed circular polarization simultaneously within the dual operating bands. The central frequencies of the bands are 2.63 and 4.42 GHz, respectively, and the overlapped operating bandwidth is 17.8 and 3.40%. The proposed reconfigurable antenna is a closed-slot antenna fed by the CPW transmission line and the reconfigurable mechanism is to regulate the T-shaped driven stub through switching the PIN diodes on and off. The scattering parameters, axial ratio, radiation pattern, gain, and the radiation efficiency of the proposed antenna are all investigated in the following. The optimized antenna has been fabricated to experimental test, the simulated and the measured results agree well with each other. The lower frequency band of the proposed antenna covers the 2.40 GHz WLAN specification and the upper band can be used for the 5 G communication (4.40–4.50 GHz); therefore it is suitable to be applied in the mobile wireless communication.

Type
Research Papers
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press and the European Microwave Association 2017 

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References

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A CPW-fed uniplanar dual-band tri-polarization diversity antenna based on PIN diode for the wireless communication
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