The University of São Paulo (USP), founded in 1934, is the largest university in Brazil, having about 50,000 students and 5,000 teachers/researchers distributed among 33 institutes and 184 departments.
Astronomical work was already developed at the older São Paulo Observatory (founded 1912), which was later attached to the university. The observatory has been renamed as Instituto Astronômico e Geofisico (IAG), and presently houses the departments of Astronomy, Geophysics, and Meteorology. Graduate astronomy courses, intended to provide Master (M.Sc.) and Doctor (D.Sc.) degrees, started in 1973.