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Sociological Profiling of Armed Robbery Convicts in Kirikiri Female Prisons, Lagos, Nigeria

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 October 2020

Richard Abayomi Aborisade*
Affiliation:
Department of Sociology, Olabisi Onabanjo University
Similade Fortune Oni
Affiliation:
Department of Sociology, Olabisi Onabanjo University
*
*Corresponding Author: Richard Abayomi Aborisade, Department of Sociology, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria. E-mail: aborisade.richard@oouagoiwoye.edu.ng; ra.aborisade@gmail.com
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Abstract

Increasing female involvement in violent crime is a concern in Nigeria; still, it is unclear what informs this sudden surge in a society that supposedly socializes feminine gender to be soft, caring, and compassionate. This article explores the sociological profiles of women involved in armed robbery, drawing case examples from 32 convicts in a Nigerian female penitentiary. It was found that women were made susceptible to deviance by some social factors such as familial variables, neighborhood characteristics, gender discrimination, neglect, and violence. Both primary and secondary social groups were found to be major facilitators in the initiation into crime, development of criminal career, entry into armed robbery, and maintenance of life as a robber. This article concludes that gender-based inequality in all social facets and the unfavorable socio-economic conditions in Nigeria increase the vulnerability of women to be recruited into criminality. A revival of the family institution, gender-neutral parenting, government’s intervention for improvement of socio-economic wellbeing, and gender education are suggested.

Abstracto

Abstracto

El aumento de la participación femenina en delitos violentos es una preocupación en Nigeria, sin embargo, no está claro qué informa este repentino aumento en una sociedad que supuestamente socializa el género femenino para que las mujeres sean suaves, cariñosas y compasivas. Este artículo explora los perfiles sociológicos de las mujeres involucradas en el robo a mano armada, dibujando ejemplos de 32 casos en una penitenciaría femenina nigeriana. Se encontró que las mujeres se volvieron susceptibles a la desviación por algunos factores sociales como variables familiares, características del vecindario, discriminación de género, negligencia y violencia. Se descubrió que los grupos sociales primarios y secundarios eran los principales facilitadores en la iniciación al delito, el desarrollo de la carrera criminal, el ingreso al robo a mano armada y el mantenimiento de la vida como ladrón. Este artículo concluye que la desigualdad basada en el género en todas las facetas sociales y las condiciones socioeconómicas desfavorables en Nigeria, aumentan la vulnerabilidad de las mujeres para ser reclutadas como delincuentes. Se sugiere un resurgimiento de la institución familiar, impulsar criar niños y niñas en un ambiente neutral con respecto al género, y la intervención del gobierno para mejorar el bienestar socioeconómico y la educación de género.

Abstrait

Abstrait

L’augmentation de l’implication des femmes dans les crimes violents est une préoccupation au Nigéria, mais on ne sait pas encore ce qui informe cette poussée soudaine dans une société qui soi-disant socialise le genre féminin pour être doux, attentionné et compatissant. Cet article explore les profils sociologiques des femmes impliquées dans des vols à main armée, en tirant des exemples de 32 cas dans un pénitencier pour femmes nigérianes. On constate que les femmes ont été rendues vulnérables à la déviance par certains facteurs sociaux tels que les variables familiales, les caractéristiques du quartier, la discrimination sexuelle, la négligence et la violence. Les groupes sociaux primaires et secondaires se sont avérés être des facilitateurs majeurs dans l’initiation au crime, le développement d’une carrière criminelle, l’entrée dans le vol à main armée et le maintien de la vie en tant que voleur. Cet article conclut que les inégalités fondées sur le sexe dans toutes les facettes sociales et les conditions socio-économiques défavorables au Nigéria augmentent la vulnérabilité des femmes à être recrutées dans la criminalité. Une relance de l’institution familiale, une parentalité non sexiste, l’intervention du gouvernement pour l’amélioration du bien-être socioéconomique et l’éducation en matière de genre sont suggérées.

抽象

抽象

在尼日利亚,越来越多的女性卷入暴力犯罪仍是一个令人担忧的问题,但是,目前尚不清楚是什么原因导致了这个社会的突然激增,该社会据称使女性性别变得柔和,关怀和富有同情心。本文探讨了参与武装抢劫的妇女的社会学特征,并从尼日利亚一名女性监狱中的32名罪犯中提取了一些案例。人们发现,由于一些社会因素,例如家庭变量,邻里特征,性别歧视,忽视和暴力,使妇女容易产生偏差。人们发现,初级和次级社会团体都是犯罪的主要推动者,犯罪职业的发展,武装抢劫的进入以及劫匪的维持生活。本文的结论是,尼日利亚所有社会方面的性别不平等和尼日利亚不利的社会经济状况,增加了妇女被招募入罪的脆弱性。建议复兴家庭机构,不分性别的育儿,政府为改善社会经济福祉而进行的干预以及性别教育。

نبذة مختصرة

نبذة مختصرة

إن زيادة مشاركة الإناث في الجرائم العنيفة أمر مثير للقلق في نيجيريا ، ومع ذلك ، من غير الواضح ما الذي يفيد هذه الطفرة المفاجئة في مجتمع يفترض أنه يتعامل مع الجنس الأنثوي ليكون لينًا ، عطوفًا ، عطوفًا. تستكشف هذه المقالة الملامح الاجتماعية للنساء المتورطات في السطو المسلح ، مستمدة أمثلة من 32 مدانة في سجن نيجيري. وجد أن المرأة أصبحت عرضة للانحراف عن طريق بعض العوامل الاجتماعية مثل المتغيرات العائلية ، وخصائص الأحياء ، والتمييز بين الجنسين ، والإهمال ، والعنف. تم العثور على كل من الفئات الاجتماعية الأولية والثانوية لتكون ميسرين رئيسيين في الشروع في الجريمة ، وتطوير الحياة المهنية الإجرامية ، والدخول في السطو المسلح ، والحفاظ على الحياة كسارق. تخلص هذه المقالة إلى أن عدم المساواة القائم على نوع الجنس في جميع الجوانب الاجتماعية والظروف الاجتماعية والاقتصادية غير المواتية في نيجيريا ، يزيد من ضعف النساء ليتم تجنيدهن في الجريمة. يقترح إحياء مؤسسة الأسرة ، والأبوة المحايدة جنسانيا ، وتدخل الحكومة لتحسين الرفاه الاجتماعي والاقتصادي ، والتعليم الجنساني

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© 2020 International Society of Criminology

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