Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-544b6db54f-bkjnw Total loading time: 0.195 Render date: 2021-10-19T12:08:23.030Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Evaluation of uncomplicated acute respiratory tract infection management in veterans: A national utilization review

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 April 2019

Jefferson G. Bohan
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacy, Ochsner Health System, New Orleans, Louisiana Pharmacy Service, Boise Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Boise, Idaho
Karl Madaras-Kelly*
Affiliation:
Pharmacy Service, Boise Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Boise, Idaho Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, Idaho State University, Meridian, Idaho
Benjamin Pontefract
Affiliation:
Pharmacy Service, Boise Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Boise, Idaho
Makoto Jones
Affiliation:
IDEAS Center, Veterans Affairs Salt Lake City Healthcare System, Salt Lake City, Utah Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
Melinda M. Neuhauser
Affiliation:
Veterans Affairs Pharmacy Benefits Management Services, Hines, Illinois
Matthew Bidwell Goetz
Affiliation:
Department of Infectious Diseases, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System and David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California
Muriel Burk
Affiliation:
Center for Medication Safety (VAMedSAFE), Hines Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
Francesca Cunningham
Affiliation:
Center for Medication Safety (VAMedSAFE), Hines Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
for the ARI Management Improvement Group
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacy, Ochsner Health System, New Orleans, Louisiana Pharmacy Service, Boise Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Boise, Idaho Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, Idaho State University, Meridian, Idaho IDEAS Center, Veterans Affairs Salt Lake City Healthcare System, Salt Lake City, Utah Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah Veterans Affairs Pharmacy Benefits Management Services, Hines, Illinois Department of Infectious Diseases, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System and David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California Center for Medication Safety (VAMedSAFE), Hines Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
*
Author for correspondence: Karl Madaras-Kelly, Email: Karl.Madaras-Kelly2@va.gov

Abstract

Background:

Antibiotics are overprescribed for acute respiratory tract infections (ARIs). Guidelines provide criteria to determine which patients should receive antibiotics. We assessed congruence between documentation of ARI diagnostic and treatment practices with guideline recommendations, treatment appropriateness, and outcomes.

Methods:

A multicenter quality improvement evaluation was conducted in 28 Veterans Affairs facilities. We included visits for pharyngitis, rhinosinusitis, bronchitis, and upper respiratory tract infections (URI-NOS) that occurred during the 2015–2016 winter season. A manual record review identified complicated cases, which were excluded. Data were extracted for visits meeting criteria, followed by analysis of practice patterns, guideline congruence, and outcomes.

Results:

Of 5,740 visits, 4,305 met our inclusion criteria: pharyngitis (n = 558), rhinosinusitis (n = 715), bronchitis (n = 1,155), URI-NOS (n = 1,475), or mixed diagnoses (>1 ARI diagnosis) (n = 402). Antibiotics were prescribed in 68% of visits: pharyngitis (69%), rhinosinusitis (89%), bronchitis (86%), URI-NOS (37%), and mixed diagnosis (86%). Streptococcal diagnostic testing was performed in 33% of pharyngitis visits; group A Streptococcus was identified in 3% of visits. Streptococcal tests were ordered less frequently for patients who received antibiotics (28%) than those who did not receive antibiotics 44%; P < .01). Although 68% of visits for rhinosinusitis had documentation of symptoms, only 32% met diagnostic criteria for antibiotics. Overall, 39% of patients with uncomplicated ARIs received appropriate antibiotic management. The proportion of 30-day return visits for ARI care was similar for appropriate (11%) or inappropriate (10%) antibiotic management (P = .22).

Conclusions:

Antibiotics were prescribed in most uncomplicated ARI visits, indicating substantial overuse. Practice was frequently discordant with guideline diagnostic and treatment recommendations.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
© 2019 by The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. All rights reserved. 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

a

ARI Management Improvement Group. Collaborators are listed by VA membership at the time of MUE participation, and some collaborators may no longer be practicing at affiliated locations. Hudson Valley VAMC: Rita Bodine PharmD, Catherine Knapp PharmD; Bronx VA: Michael Gelman MD, PhD, Kirsten Vest PharmD, BCPS, Mei Chang PharmD, BCPS-ID, BCCCP; Anchorage VA: Matthew Kirkland PharmD; James Haley VAMC: Patrick Tu PharmD, Amanda Mercurio PharmD, BCPS, Sullivan Lynch PharmD; Salem VAMC: Katherine Jamison PharmD, BCPS, AAHIVP, Allison Kirstie French PharmD, Nick Weatherton PharmD, BCPS, BCACP, BCGP; Portland VA: Kimberly Tamura Mackay PharmD, Johanna Peragine PharmD; Eisenhower VAMC: Emily Potter PharmD, BCPS; VA Connecticut: Brian Kotansky PharmD, BCPS, Ann Fisher MD, Van Vu PharmD; New Orleans: Ngoc-tuyet Ngo PharmD; St Louis VA: Danielle Skouby PharmD, BCPS; Fargo VA HCS: Jessica Dietz PharmD, BCPS; Albuquerque VA HCS VA: Valeria Ilieva MD, Tara Lindeman PharmD; James A. Quillen VAMC: Marty Vannoy PharmD, BCPS; Wilkes-Barre VAMC: Michael Surdy PharmD, AAHIVP, Jill M. O’Donnell PharmD, BCPS, BCGP, Tyler Young PharmD; VA Puget Sound HCS: Jonathan Casavant PharmD, BCPS; Gainesville VAMC: Joseph Pardo PharmD, BCPS-AQ ID, AAHIVP, Michelle Lee PharmD, Stephen Hare PharmD; Fayetteville VAMC: Brian Leith PharmD, BCPS, BCGP, Penny Peacock PharmD, BCPS, Lindsey Cross PharmD, BCACP; Pittsburgh VAMC: Amanda McQuillan PharmD, BCPS; Cincinnati VAMC: Jason Hiett PharmD, BCPS, Jeremy Hilty PharmD, PhD, BCPS, Victoria Tate PharmD, BCPS, Jesse Brown VAMC; Lisa Young PharmD, BCPS, AQ-ID, Jenna Lopez PharmD; Saginaw VAMC: Kayla J. Houghteling PharmD, BCPS, CDE, Rebecca Meagher PharmD, Eric Szydlowski PharmD; VA Central Iowa HCS: Jenny Phabmixay PharmD, BCPS, Kimberly S. Redeker PharmD, BCACP; Edward Hines VA: Ursula Patel PharmD, BCPS, AAHIVP, Kaitlyn Acosta PharmD, Oluwabunmi Abraham PharmD; Central California VA: Jon Malepsy PharmD, Jerick San Mateo PharmD, Christopher Lam PharmD; Dorn VA: Alyssa M. Grill PharmD, BCPS; VA San Diego Health System: Ariel Ma PharmD, BCPS, AQ-ID, Charisma Urbiztondo PharmD, Scott Johns PharmD, BCPS, Veterans Health Care System of the Ozarks (Arkansas): Jennifer Cole PharmD, BCPS, BCCCP, Carol Allred PharmD, Michele Walker PharmD, BCGP, Sioux Falls VA Health Care System: Andrea Aylward PharmD, BCPS, Mackenzie Schreier PharmD, Cassie Heisinger PharmD.

References

Fleming-Dutra, K, Hersh, A, Shapiro, D, et al. Prevalence of inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions among US ambulatory care visits, 2010–2011. JAMA 2016;315:18641873.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Harris, AM, Hicks, LA, Qaseem, A. Appropriate antibiotic use for acute respiratory tract infection in adults: advice for high-value care from the American College of Physicians and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Ann Intern Med 2016;164:425434.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shulman, ST, Bisno, AL, Clegg, HW, et al. Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of group A streptococcal pharyngitis: 2012 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis 2012;55:e86e102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chow, A, Benninger, M, Brook, I, et al. IDSA clinical practice guideline for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children and adults. Clin Infect Dis 2012;54:e72e112.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rosenfeld, RM, Piccirillo, JF, Chandrasekhar, SS, et al. Clinical practice guideline (update): adult sinusitis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2015;152:S1S39.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Irwin, R, Baumann, M, Bolser, D, et al. Diagnosis and management of cough executive summary: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest 2006;129:1S23S.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Adult treatment recommendations for outpatient acute respiratory infections. Center for Disease Control and Prevention website. https://www.cdc.gov/antibiotic-use/community/for-hcp/outpatient-hcp/index.html. Accessed January 21, 2019.Google Scholar
Kelly, AA, Jones, MM, Echevarria, KL, et al. A report of the efforts of the Veterans Health Administration national antimicrobial stewardship initiative. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;38:513520.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sanchez, GV, Fleming-Dutra, KE, Roberts, RM, et al. Core elements of outpatient antibiotic stewardship. MMWR Recomm Rep 2016;65:112.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jones, B, Sauer, B, Jones, M, et al. Variation in outpatient antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections in the veteran population: a cross-sectional study. Ann Intern Med 2015;163:7380.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Drug and therapeutics committees—a practical guide. World Health Organization website. http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/en/d/Js4882e/8.5.html. Accessed January 21, 2019.Google Scholar
Madaras-Kelly, KJ, Burk, M, Caplinger, C, et al. Total duration of antimicrobial therapy in veterans hospitalized with uncomplicated pneumonia: results of a national medication utilization evaluation. J Hosp Med 2016;11:832839.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Spivak, ES, Burk, M, Zhang, R, et al. Management of bacteriuria in Veterans Affairs hospitals. Clin Infect Dis 2017;65:910917.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Centers for Medicare Services 2016 ICD9/ICD10 GEMS. Centers for Medicare Services website. https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Coding/ICD10/2018-ICD-10-CM-and-GEMs.html. Accessed January 21, 2019.Google Scholar
VA informatics and computing infrastructure. Corporate Data Warehouse (CDW Database). Health Services Research and Development website. https://www.hsrd.research.va.gov/for_researchers/vinci/. Accessed January 21, 2019.Google Scholar
Veterans Health administration handbook. 1058.05: VHA operations activities that may constitute research. Department of Veterans Affairs website. https://www.va.gov/vhapublications/publications.cfm?pub=2&order=asc&orderby=pub_Number. Published 2011. Accessed January 21, 2019.Google Scholar
Centor, RM, Witherspoon, JM, Dalton, HP, et al. The diagnosis of strep throat in adults in the emergency room. Med Decis Making 1981;1:239246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Healthcare Analysis and Information Group (HAIG). A field unit of the Office of Strategic Planning and Analysis within the Office of the ADUSH for Policy and Planning. 2016: Page 21. Department of Veterans Affairs website. https://www.va.gov/oig/pubs/VAOIG-15-04247-111.pdf. Published 2016. Accessed January 21, 2019.Google Scholar
The Health of America Report. Antibiotic prescription fill rates declining the United States 2017. BlueCross BlueShield website. www.bcbs.com/the-health-of-america/reports/antibiotic-prescription-rates-declining-in-the-US. Published 2017. Accessed January 21, 2019.Google Scholar
Madaras-Kelly, KJ, Hruza, H, Pontefract, B, et al. Trends in antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections and implementation of a provider directed intervention within the Veterans Affairs healthcare system. Abstract #208. Program and abstracts of the IDWeek 2018, October 3–7, 2018; San Francisco, CA.Google Scholar
Havers, FP, Hicks, LA, Chung, JR, et al. Outpatient antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections during influenza seasons. JAMA Network Open 2018;1:e180243.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCullough, AR, Pollack, AJ, Plejdrup-Hansen, M, et al. Antibiotics for acute respiratory infections in general practice: comparison of prescribing rates with guideline recommendations. Med J Aust 2017;207:6569.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hong, SY, Taur, Y, Jordan, MR, et al. Antimicrobial prescribing in the US for adult acute pharyngitis in relation to treatment guidelines. J Eval Clin Pract 2011;17:11761183.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Meyer, H, Lund, B, Heintz, B, et al. Identifying opportunities to improve guideline-concordant antibiotic prescribing in veterans with acute respiratory infections or cystitis. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;38;724728.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hueston, WJ, Jenkins, R, Mainous, AG. Does drug treatment of patients with acute bronchitis reduce additional care seeking? Evidence from the Practice Partner Research Network. Arch Fam Med 2000;9:9971001.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Meeker, D, Linder, J, Fox, C, et al. Effect of behavioral interventions on inappropriate antibiotic prescribing among primary care practices: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA 2016;315:562570.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dumkow, L, Axford, K, Suda, K, Draper, H, Brandt, K. Impact of a stewardship-focused culture follow-up initiative on the treatment of pharyngitis in the emergency department and urgent care settings. Diagnost Microbiol Infect Dis 2018;92. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2018.05.014.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ferrat, E, Le Breton, J, Guéry, E, et al. Effects 4.5 years after an interactive GP educational seminar on antibiotic therapy for respiratory tract infections: a randomized controlled trial. Fam Pract 2016;33:192199.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gifford, J, Vaeth, E, Richards, K, et al. Decision support during electronic prescription to stem antibiotic overuse for acute respiratory infections: a long-term, quasi-experimental study. BMC Infect Dis 2017;1:528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Linder, JA, Meeker, D, Fox, CR, et al. Effects of behavioral interventions on inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in primary care 12 months after stopping interventions. JAMA 2017;318:13911392.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jones, BE, South, BR, Shao, Y, et al. Development and validation of a natural language processing tool to identify patients treated for pneumonia across VA emergency departments. Appl Clin Inform 2018;9:122128.Google ScholarPubMed
Supplementary material: File

Bohan et al. supplementary material

Bohan et al. supplementary material 1

Download Bohan et al. supplementary material(File)
File 58 KB
Supplementary material: File

Bohan et al. supplementary material

Bohan et al. supplementary material 2

Download Bohan et al. supplementary material(File)
File 83 KB
3
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Evaluation of uncomplicated acute respiratory tract infection management in veterans: A national utilization review
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Evaluation of uncomplicated acute respiratory tract infection management in veterans: A national utilization review
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Evaluation of uncomplicated acute respiratory tract infection management in veterans: A national utilization review
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *