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Meso-Cenozoic uplift of the Taihang Mountains, North China: evidence from zircon and apatite thermochronology

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 December 2019

Lin Wu*
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution, Institution of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China Innovation Academy for Earth Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China College of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, P.R. China
Fei Wang
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution, Institution of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China Innovation Academy for Earth Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China College of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, P.R. China
Jinhui Yang
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution, Institution of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China Innovation Academy for Earth Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China College of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, P.R. China
Yinzhi Wang
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution, Institution of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China Innovation Academy for Earth Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China
Weibin Zhang
Affiliation:
Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China
Liekun Yang
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution, Institution of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China Innovation Academy for Earth Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China College of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, P.R. China
Wenbei Shi
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution, Institution of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China Innovation Academy for Earth Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China
*Corresponding
Author for correspondence: Dr Lin Wu, Email: wulin08@mail.iggcas.ac.cn

Abstract

The Taihangshan Mountain Belt, in the central North China Craton, represents an important crustal and tectonic boundary. To explore the complex tectonic evolution of this area during the Mesozoic–Cenozoic, we gathered zircon and apatite (U–Th)/He thermochronology data along a vertical transect (elevation of 630−1584 m) of the northern part of the Taihang Mountain Belt. From our data, we observed three separate rapid cooling phases that occurred at 100 Ma, 50−40 Ma and 27 Ma. Combined with previously published geochronological ages, we suggest that the uplift of the Taihang Mountain Belt initiated during the Jurassic and experienced multiphase rapid uplift from the Cretaceous to the Cenozoic. The early Cretaceous rapid cooling/uplifting events are widespread in the North China Craton and are caused by the collision between the Okhotomorsk Block and the East Asian continental margin. The Eocene and Oligocene rapid cooling events correspond to the initial rifting and thermal subsidence of the Bohai Bay Basin, indicating a coupling between the creation of basins and mountains.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
© Cambridge University Press 2019

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Meso-Cenozoic uplift of the Taihang Mountains, North China: evidence from zircon and apatite thermochronology
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