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Numb suppresses the negative complementation at the Notch locus of Drosophila melanogaster, suggesting a putative mechanism for negative complementation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2002

PETTER PORTIN
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Genetics, Department of Biology, University of Turku, FIN-20014 Turku, Finland
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Abstract

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The mutant form of the intracellular asymmetrically localized Numb membrane-bound protein of Drosophila melanogaster suppresses the negative complementation of certain Abruptex (Ax) mutations of the Notch (N) locus encoding a transmembrane receptor protein in which the Ax mutations are mutations in the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like repeats of the extracellular domain of the receptor. One model for how Ax mutants affect N function is that they are refractory to an antagonistic signal generated by an excess of N ligands. Genetically numb (nb) is an antagonist of N. In the absence of nb, cells follow the same fate as they would in the presence of a gain-of-function N allele, such as Ax. Numb has been shown to interact with the cytoplasmic domain of Notch. It is therefore suggested that numb counteracts the effect of Abruptex on Notch ligand binding, i.e. that Numb is an antagonist to the activation of the Notch signal generated by Notch ligands. Numb might accomplish this by interfering with the proteolytic cleavage of the Notch intracellular domain at the cell membrane. Thus, it seems possible that the mechanism of negative complementation of certain Ax mutants is the failure of this cleavage. Other possible mechanisms for negative complementation are also discussed.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 2001 Cambridge University Press
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Numb suppresses the negative complementation at the Notch locus of Drosophila melanogaster, suggesting a putative mechanism for negative complementation
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Numb suppresses the negative complementation at the Notch locus of Drosophila melanogaster, suggesting a putative mechanism for negative complementation
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Numb suppresses the negative complementation at the Notch locus of Drosophila melanogaster, suggesting a putative mechanism for negative complementation
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