Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-cf9d5c678-9z9qw Total loading time: 0.139 Render date: 2021-08-05T22:29:21.861Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Diagnosis and implications of human cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 October 2000

Maria Grazia Revello
Affiliation:
Servizio di Virologia, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy
Giuseppe Gerna
Affiliation:
Servizio di Virologia, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy

Abstract

Early this century, the term cytomegalic inclusion disease (CID) was used to designate the cellular changes characterized by enlargement and typical intranuclear inclusions observed in tissues of fetuses and infants with a fatal illness. In 1957, Smith and Weller et al, identified the causative agent of CID, which was named cytomegalovirus (CMV) by Weller in 1960. By 1971, it was clear that congenital human CMV (HCMV) infection was an important health problem. Since then, many advances have been made in the diagnosis, therapy, and knowledge of the epidemiology of congenital HCMV infection. However, most of these improvements, particularly those concerning diagnostic technologies and development of antiviral drugs, have been the result of the powerful effort to reduce the devastating impact of HCMV infections in AIDS and transplanted patients. Indeed, it is disappointing to observe that in the year 2000 CID does still occur, that HCMV is still recognized as the leading cause of congenital infection and the leading infectious cause of mental retardation and deafness, and, most important, that no active prevention is available for seronegative women. Moreover, because of the limited possibilities of prophylaxis and treatment, and the misuse of the currently available serologic assays, the issue of whether the determination of HCMV antibody status for women of childbearing age is justified has become a matter of debate.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 1999 Cambridge University Press

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)
24
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Diagnosis and implications of human cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Diagnosis and implications of human cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Diagnosis and implications of human cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *