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Article contents

Significance of oral language delays and writing for early detection of developmental disorders

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 March 2020

F.J. De Santiago Herrero
Affiliation:
Salamanca University, Personaliad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos, Salamanca, Spain
D.M. García-Mateos
Affiliation:
Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca, Facultad de Educación, Salamanca, Spain
I. Arconada Díez
Affiliation:
Centro de Psicología Clínica “Kairós”, Clínica Privada de Psicología, Salamanca, Spain
C. Torres Delgado
Affiliation:
Centro de Psicología Clínica “Kairós”, Clínica Privada de Psicología, Salamanca, Spain
A.M. Trigo Bensusan
Affiliation:
Centro de Psicología Clínica “Kairós”, Clínica Privada de Psicología, Salamanca, Spain

Abstract

Introduction

The study of the oral and written language delayed at the school makes possible the early detection of scholar, behavioral and psychiatric disorders. These difficulties could affect to the personal and professional development.

Objectives

To confirm the relationship between language oral and written delayed for the early detection of developmental disorders.

Method

A sample of 350 subjects among 5 and 23 years of age is analyzed with oral and/or written language difficulties. It is studied diagnosis, gender, age, reason for treatment, grade and submitter.

Results

The specific learning disabilities (SLD) request a 62.3% of the treatment among 7–10 years. The percentages of SLD are: reading comprehension difficulties (17.4%), dysorthography (13.4%), reading fluency and reading comprehension difficulties (12.9%), reading fluency (11.7%) and, dysorthography and reading fluency (6.9%). There exist percentage differences between repeaters (39.4%) and no repeaters (22.9%) students with DALE. The oral/written language provides the early detection of Intellectual disabilities (8.6% of the simple). The relation between the reason for treatment and diagnosis do not coincide: the consults was 3.7% for oral language delay, 2.6% for reading comprehension difficulties, 1.4% for dysorthography and 0.9% for reading fluency. The school demand more treatment (50.9%), next to medical centers (22.3%) and family initiative (15.7%).

Conclusions

The oral/written language delayed – especially the reading comprehension difficulties – are a good early detection for the developmental disorders (intellectual disabilities minor, SLD and TDAH at the primary stage). There is more percentage of boys than girls (2:1) with language delayed, except at Intellectual disabilities, because there is an identical percentage (4.3%).

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.

Type
e-Poster viewing: child and adolescent psychiatry
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2017
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