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Relationship between two dimensional models of personality

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2020

B. Calvet
Affiliation:
Inserm, U1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Limoges, France Université Limoges, UMR_S 1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology, CNRS FR 3503 GEIST, Limoges, France Hospital Center Esquirol, Department of psychiatry, Limoges, France
M. Bricaud
Affiliation:
Hospital Center Esquirol, Department of psychiatry, Limoges, France
H. Merveille
Affiliation:
Hospital Center Esquirol, Department of psychiatry, Limoges, France
J. Dur
Affiliation:
Hospital Center Esquirol, Department of psychiatry, Limoges, France
J.P. Clément
Affiliation:
Inserm, U1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Limoges, France Université Limoges, UMR_S 1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology, CNRS FR 3503 GEIST, Limoges, France Hospital Center Esquirol, Department of psychiatry, Limoges, France
Corresponding

Abstract

Relationships between the seven dimensions of the Cloninger's psychobiological model (1993) and the five factors of the Costa and McCrae's model (1990) were examined in this study of 200 subjects from French general population. The dimensions of temperament (novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence) and character (self-directedness, cooperativeness, self-transcendence) from the Cloninger's model were measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory-125 items (TCI-125) and the Five-Factor Model (FFM) (neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness) was evaluated using the NEOPersonality Inventory-Revised (NEO-PI-R). Correlation and multiple regression analyses have highlighted that all the temperamental and character dimensions predict all Neo-PI-R domains and vice versa. There are particularly close relationships between harm avoidance, self-directedness, neuroticism and extraversion; between novelty seeking and extraversion, openness, conscientiousness; between reward dependence, cooperativeness, extraversion, openness and agreeableness; between persistence and conscientiousness; and finally between self-transcendence and agreeableness. As a result, due to their relationship with temperamental dimensions of psychobiological model, the FFM domains could be related to brain monoaminergic activities.

Type
Congrès français de psychiatrie: Rencontres avec l’expert
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2015

Disclosure of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interest.

References

Costa, PTMcCrae, RR. The NEO Personality Inventory Manual Revised. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Ressources, 1990.Google Scholar
Cloninger, CRSvrakic, DMPrzybeck, TR. A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1993;50, 975–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Fruyt F., Van De Wiele L., Van Heeringen C. Cloninger's psychobiological model of temperament and character and the Five-Factor Model of personality. Pers Individ Dif 2000;29:441–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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