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Changes in the characteristics of Suicide Attempts during COVID-19 pandemic

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 July 2023

J. Curto Ramos*
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Mental Health, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, Hospital la Paz
N. Kishanchandani Chandiramani
Affiliation:
Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM), Madrid, Spain, Madrid, Spain
M. Torrijos
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Mental Health, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, Hospital la Paz
J. Andreo-Jover
Affiliation:
Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM), Madrid, Spain, Madrid, Spain
B. Orgaz-Alvarez
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Mental Health, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, Hospital la Paz
M. Velasco
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Mental Health, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, Hospital la Paz
D. García Martínez
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Mental Health, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, Hospital la Paz
G. Juárez
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Mental Health, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, Hospital la Paz
S. Cebolla
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Mental Health, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, Hospital la Paz
P. Aguirre
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Mental Health, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, Hospital la Paz
B. Rodríguez Vega
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Mental Health, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain, Hospital la Paz
*
*Corresponding author.

Abstract

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Introduction

Different studies indicate high prevalence’s of suicidal behaviour, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and PTSD associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. There is currently not enough scientific evidence available to analyze the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic has had on the rate of suicide attempts and their characteristics.

Objectives

To analyze and compare the characteristics of suicidal behavior (in terms of method, severity, medical damage produced and need for hospitalization) of patients attended during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to previous years.

Methods

A retrospective study was performed based on a standardized data collection of patients attending the University Hospital La Paz between April 2018 and November 2021. 581 patients who attempted suicide at least once were included in this study. We compared the severity using the Beck Suicide Intent Scale. Chi-square ant Student’s t were used to compare clinical characteristics such as medical damage, method of suicide attempt and indication for admission after the attempt, between suicide attempts during the COVID-19 pandemic and previous years.

Results

Our results suggest that during the COVID-19 pandemic suicide attempts caused more medical damage (p<0.001), had higher severity (p<0.000), and required more admission in Intensive Care Units, General Internal Medicine and Psychiatry compared with pre-Covid years (p<0.000).

Conclusions

This is the first study in Spain analysing the changes in characteristics of suicide attempts during the COVID-19 pandemic. This has important implications for reducing suicide rates, preventing future attempts, and enabling us to design specific treatments of Suicidal Behaviour.

Disclosure of Interest

None Declared

Type
Abstract
Creative Commons
Creative Common License - CCCreative Common License - BY
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the European Psychiatric Association
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