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AS04-02 - Development of a Scale for the Assessment of Prodromal States

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2020

P. Conus
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry - CHUV, Lausanne University, Prilly, Switzerland

Abstract

Context

While early detection strategies have been developed for schizophrenia, affective psychoses have long been relatively neglected in this domain. However, considering the difficulties met when attempting to define the onset of bipolar disorder, we felt prodrome to first episode mania would be a clinically relevant initial target for study.

Methods

Based on an extensive literature review we identified symptoms, risk factors and associated clinical features that may be present in the phase preceding first episode mania onset. In a sample of 20 first episode mania patients, we explored which of these elements were present in at least 50% of cases.

Results

The study confirmed that a prodrome phase can be identified before onset of first episode mania. The symptoms presented felt under 3 categories (sleep problems, irritability, mood symptoms) and were rather unspecific. Various risk factors and markers of vulnerability could be identifed. On this basis a multi-dimensional scale grouped in 3 sub-scales was constructed.

Conclusion

Our exploration suggests that identification of patients in the prodromal phase to first episode mania needs to be based on a combination of dimensions rather than on symptoms only. The scale still needs to be validated prospectively.

Type
Abstract
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2012
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