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1560 – Perceived Infant Difficult Temperament And Mothers Psychological Distress

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2020

S.C. Bos
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
M. Marques
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
A.T. Pereira
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
M.J. Soares
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
A.P. Amaral
Affiliation:
College of Health Technology, Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
C. Roque
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
V. Nogueira
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
J. Valente
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
M.H. Azevedo
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
A. Macedo
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
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Abstract

Introduction

A perceived difficult infant temperament has been associated to mothers depressive mood (Beck, 1996; McGrath et al., 2008).

Objective

To identify infant difficult temperament dimensions associated to mothers psychological distress.

Methods

103 mothers (M= 31.9 years, SD=4.10; 68% married, 71.7% primiparae) filled in the difficult infant temperament questionnaire (DITQ; Macedo et al., 2011), two items of the Brief infant sleep questionnaire (number of infant night wakings, duration of infants wakefulness during the night; Sadeh, 2004), the Beck depression inventory-II (BDI-II; Beck et al., 1996; Coelho et al., 2002) and the Postpartum depression screening scale (PDSS; Beck and Gable, 2000; Pereira et al., 2010) when their babies were 3 months of age. DITQ factor analysis with varimax rotation and reliability analyses suggested 2 temperament dimensions: emotional difficulties (irritable baby, cries excessively, difficult to calm down), F1; sleeping problems (baby who has sleeping problems, gives bad nights, has difficulties falling asleep), F2.

Results

DITQ-F1, DITQ-F2 and infants number of night wakings were positively and significantly associated with BDIII/ PDSS total scores. Infants eating problems were not associated with BDI-II or PDSS values. Controlling for mothers severe depressive mood, regression analysis revealed that DITQ F2 was the variable that explained BDI-II total score (R2=.081; p=.011). PDSS total score was predicted by DITQ F2 (R2=.050; p=.030) and number of infant night wakings (R2=.074; p=.010).

Conclusion

Infants sleeping problems and infants number of night wakings contribute to mothers psychological distress in postpartum.

Financial support

AstraZeneca Foundation.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2013

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