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Determining a Science-based Food Safety Objective/Appropriate Level of Protection for Application in Developing Countries

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 July 2017


When determining the Appropriate Level of Protection (ALOP) in food safety law, developed countries rely on the Food Safety Objective (FSO) to meet the requirements of World Trade Organization (WTO) law and to provide a high level of protection based on insights from food safety science. Implementing an FSO/ALOP is resource-intensive and costly. Developing countries who would like to provide similar levels of protection are restricted by limited resources and often face difficulties implementing such an FSO-based ALOP. As a consequence, developing countries may base their ALOP on other legally acceptable reasons, which are non-scientific and less effective. We illustrate a less resource-intensive way to implement the FSO in the ALOP, which enables developing countries to design an ALOP that is based on food safety science. Depending on the resources available in the respective country, we map different possibilities to determine a science-based FSO/ALOP concept for developing countries, which also takes into account the requirements of WTO law.

© Cambridge University Press 

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Law and Governance Group, Wageningen University and Research, Hollandseweg 1, PO Box 8130, 6700 EW, Wageningen, The Netherlands; National Agency of Drug and Food Control of Indonesia (NADFC), Percetakan Negara, 23, 10560, Jakarta, Indonesia.


Law and Governance Group, Wageningen University and Research, Hollandseweg 1, PO Box 8130, 6700 EW, Wageningen, The Netherlands.


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