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Stagionalità, condizioni lavorative e suicidio in Italia. Una rassegna delle ricerche epidemiologiche più recenti

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 October 2011

Rocco Micciolo*
Affiliation:
Istituto di Statistica e Ricerca Operativa, Università di Trento, Trento Servizio di Psicologia Medica, Istituto di Psichiatria, Università di Verona, Verona
Michele Tansella
Affiliation:
Servizio di Psicologia Medica, Istituto di Psichiatria, Università di Verona, Verona
*Corresponding
Indrizzo per la corrispondenza: Professor R. Micciolo, Istituto di Statistica e Ricerca Operativa, Via Inama 5, 38100 Trento. Fax (+39) 0461-882101

Abstract

Riassunto

In questo lavoro vengono riassunti i risultati delle ricerche sul suicidio condotte negli ultimi quattro anni dal gruppo del Servizio della Psicologia Medica dell'Universita di Verona. È stata analizzata; mediante l'analisi armonica, la stagionalità del suicidio in rapporto al sesso ed all'area geografica. Sono emerse differenze qualitative fra i due sessi (una sola, importante, armonica nei maschi e due nelle feminine), una maggiore stagionalità nelle zone rurali rispetto a quelle urbane ed un generale aumento della stagionalità passando dal Nord al Centro e al Sud. Per quanto riguarda i rapporti fra suicidio e disoccupazione, sono emersi due risultati principali: un maggior rischio di commettere suicidio fra i soggetti disoccupati (molto più evidente fra la popolazione maschile), una contrapposizione Nord-Sud con tassi di suicidio più elevati al Nord (particolarmente nella popolazione disoccupata) e con tassi di disoccu- pazione più elevati al Sud.

Parole chiave

analisi armonica, cluster analysis, disoccupazione, stagionalité, suicidio.

Summary

This paper summarizes the results of the studies on suicide performed over the last four years in Verona the Psychological Medicine Service. Seasonal variation in suicide in Italy has been assessed by means of harmonic analysis. While in males the only important seasonal harmonic was the first (one cycle per year), in females there was an important first harmonic and a second harmonic (two cycles per year). When thesetting (urban or rural) and geographical location (Northern, Central or Southern regions) were taken into account, a greater seasonality was found in the rural than in the urban settings and in the Northern than in the Southern regions. When the relationship between suicide and unemployment was evaluated, two main resultswere found: higher suicide rates among the unemployed (mainly in males); higher suicide rates in Northern regions (particularly among unemployed) and higher unemployment rates in Southern regions.

Type
Articoli
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1992

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Stagionalità, condizioni lavorative e suicidio in Italia. Una rassegna delle ricerche epidemiologiche più recenti
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