The state of the environment and its proper management is a prerequisite condition for the sustainable development of any country, and Pakistan is no exception.
Thus, availability of appropriate quantities of water and energy on a reliable basis in Pakistan is essential for improving the quality of life. This means that the policies formulated and actions taken must ensure that the developments taking place should not endanger the overall resource and environmental bases of the country, on which the development process itself depends. Currently, some serious environmental problems exist in Pakistan in terms of salinity development, waterlogging, and inefficient water-use, in the water sector, and deforestation in the energy sector—especially so far as fuel-wood availability is concerned. Furthermore, deforestation in the upper reaches of the catchment areas is contributing to high sediment-loads in the rivers of Pakistan, which in turn is reducing the reservoir capacities and their designed economic lives.