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Wanted dead and alive: to what extent are hunting and protection of an endangered species compatible?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 October 2008

Environment for Development Tanzania, Department of Economics, University of Dar Es Salaam, and Research Associate, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford. Email:


Cash-constrained wildlife departments must increasingly look towards revenue-generating activities such as sales of permits for hunting common species combined with fines for those caught with rare species. Pertinent to west Africa, an optimal enforcement model demonstrates the conditions under which a department with neither external budget nor tourism revenue can fully protect a rare species, and the impact on other species and local hunters' livelihoods. The department's effectiveness is shown to depend critically on the extent to which hunters can discriminate among different species. Improvements in hunting technology selectivity are therefore a substitute for increased enforcement spending.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2008

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