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Secularisation and the religious components of marriage seasonality in the Don Army Territory (Southern Russia), 1867–1916

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 April 2013

NOËL BONNEUIL
Affiliation:
Institut national d'études démographiques and École des hautes études en sciences sociales.
ELENA FURSA
Affiliation:
Federal University of South Russia.

Abstract

The quality of the statistical archives of the Don Army Territory for the period 1867–1916 offers a unique opportunity to compare the denominations present (Orthodox, Old Believers and Coreligionists, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, Armenian-Gregorians, Lamaist Buddhists and Muslims) in a context of urbanisation, secularisation and industrialisation. The observance of religious interdicts varied between and within denominations depending on levels of urbanisation and the district considered. These contrasts reveal the segmentation of Don society, the constraints imposed by agrarian imperatives and military obligations, the differences in the economy and between town and country, and the advance of secularisation or persistence of tradition.

Sécularisation et composantes religieuses de la saisonnalité des mariages dans le territoire de l'armée du don (au sud de la russie), 1867–1916

La qualité des archives statistiques du Territoire de l'armée du Don pour la période 1867–1916 offre une occasion unique de comparer les groupes de confessions religieuses différentes qui s'y trouvaient alors en présence (orthodoxes, vieux-croyants et coreligionnaires, catholiques, luthériens, juifs, arméniens grégoriens, bouddhistes tibétains et musulmans) dans un contexte d'urbanisation, de sécularisation et d'industrialisation. Le respect des interdits religieux variait suivant les confessions et au sein des groupes eux-mêmes, selon le niveau d'urbanisation et le secteur considéré. Ces contrastes révèlent une segmentation de cette société du Don qui subissait les contraintes imposées d'un côté par les impératifs agricoles et de l'autre par les obligations militaires; des différences apparaissent dans l'économie et aussi entre ville et campagne, et l'on note soit l'avance d'une sécularisation soit la persistance d'une tradition.

Säkularisierung und religiöse komponenten der heiratssaisonalität in der armeeregion am don (südrussland), 1867–1916

Die Qualität des für den Zeitraum 1867–1916 verfügbaren statistischen Archivmaterials für die Armeeregion am Don eröffnet die einzigartige Möglichkeit, die dort lebenden Glaubensgemeinschaften (Orthodoxe, Altgläubige and Glaubensbrüder, Katholiken, Lutheraner, Juden, armenische Gregorianer, lamaistische Buddhisten und Muslime) im Kontext von Urbanisierung, Säkularisierung und Industrialisierung miteinander zu vergleichen. Die Einhaltung religiöser Interdikte variierte zwischen den Glaubensgemeinschaften sowie innerhalb derselben und hing sowohl vom Urbanisierungsgrad als auch von der Region ab. Diese Kontraste verdeutlichen die Segmentierung der Geslleschaft am Don, die aus agrarischen Bedingungen und militärischen Verpflichtungen erwachsenen Zwänge, die ökonomischen Unterschiede zwischen Stadt und Land, und den Fortschritt der Sakularisierung sowie die Beharrungskraft der Tradition.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013

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32 The Julian calendar was used until 14 February 1918 when it was abrogated by the Soviet government who adopted the Gregorian calendar.

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