Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-768dbb666b-9qwsl Total loading time: 0.32 Render date: 2023-02-04T06:52:01.394Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Indian Business in South Africa after Apartheid: New and Old Trajectories

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 December 2000

Keith Hart
Arkleton Centre for Rural Development Research, University of Aberdeen
Vishnu Padayachee
School of Development Studies, University of Natal, Durban


We consider here what has happened to one segment of South African capital since the demise of apartheid, of the Indian businessmen of KwaZulu Natal, and especially of its principal port city, Durban. During the long nightmare of apartheid, South Africa's Indians, a small minority constituting only three percent of the national population, suffered many restrictions on their development.

Capitalist Transformations
Copyright © Society for Comparative Study of Society and History 2000

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Arkin, Anthony. 1981. The Contribution of the Indians in the Economic Development of South Africa, 1860–1970: An Historical-Income Approach. Unpublished Ph.D. diss. Durban: University of Durban-Westville.Google Scholar
Avineri, Shlomo. 1972. Hegel's Theory of the Modern State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bagshawe, Peter. 1995. Viva South African Entrepreneurs. Musgrave, Durban: Lifespan Publications.Google Scholar
Bhana, Surendra, 1998. Gandhi's Legacy: The Natal Indian Congress, 1894–1994. Pietermaritzburg: Natal University Press.Google Scholar
Bhana, Surendra, and Brain, Joy. 1990. Setting Down Roots, Indian Migrants in South Africa. Johannesburg: Witswatersrand University Press.Google Scholar
Bhana, Surendra, and Pachai, Bridglal, eds. 1984. A Documentary History of Indian South Africans. Cape Town: David Philip.Google Scholar
Black, John. 1997. Oxford Dictionary of Economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Bramdaw, Dhanee. 1935. The South African Indian Who's Who and Commercial Directory. Pietermaritzburg: The Natal Witness Ltd.Google Scholar
Castells, Manuel. 1996. The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture (3 vols). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Charney, Craig. 1983. “The Emasculation of Indian Business.” Management, October, 48–55.Google Scholar
Chetty, Dasarath. 1995. “Participation and Culture: The Case of South African Indian Owned Family-centred Businesses.” Paper presented at the VIII International Seminar on Participation and Cultures in Organisations, held in Braga, Portugal, 27–30 June. Google Scholar
Coastal Group. 1997 and 1998. Annual Reports. Durban.Google Scholar
Desai, Ashwin. 1996. Arise Ye Coolies, Apartheid and the Indian, 1960–1995. Johannesburg: Impact Africa Publishing.Google Scholar
Dugard, Jacqueline. 2000. Taxi Wars in South Africa's Transition: The informalisation of violence and the economy. Unpublished Ph.D. diss. Cambridge: University of Cambridge.Google Scholar
Fanon, Frantz. 1970, reprint. The Wretched of the Earth, London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Freund, Bill. 1995. Insiders and Outsiders: The Indian Working Class of Durban,1910–1990. Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press.Google Scholar
Gandhi, Mohandas. 1928. Satyagraha in South Africa. Ahmedabad. Private Publication.Google Scholar
Gelb, Stephen, ed. 1991. South Africa's Economic Crisis. Cape Town: David Philip; New York and London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
Goody, Esther, ed. 1982. From Craft to Industry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Habib, Adam. 1998. Structural Constraints, Resources and Decision-making: A Study of South Africa's Transition to Democracy. Unpublished Ph.D. diss. Department of Political Science, City University of New York.Google Scholar
Habib, Adam, and Naidu, Sanusha. 1999. “Was there a ‘Coloured’ and ‘Indian’ vote?” Unpublished mimeo. Durban.Google Scholar
Harrison, K. 1997. “Industrial Responses to Globalisation within a Medium-sized Town. AFocus on the Clothing Manufacturing Sector in Port Shepstone.” Transformation 32.Google Scholar
Hart, Keith. 2000. The Memory Bank: money in an unequal world. London: Profile Books.Google Scholar
Hegel, Georg W. F. 1952. The Philosophy of Right. London: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hobsbawm, Eric. 1994. The Age of Extremes: the short twentieth century, 1914–1991. London: Michael Joseph.Google Scholar
James, C. L. R. 1977. Nkrumah and the Ghana Revolution. London: Allison and Busby.Google Scholar
Jithoo, Sabita. 1985. “Indian Family Businesses in Durban, South Africa.” Journal of Comparative Family Studies, XVI:3, 365–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Khosa, Meshak. 1993. Capital Accumulation, the Apartheid State and the Taxi Industry. Unpublished Ph.D. diss. Oxford: University of Oxford.Google Scholar
Kuper, Hilda. 1960. Indian People in Natal. Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press.Google Scholar
Kuper, Leo, Watts, Hilstan, and Davies, Ronald. 1958. Durban, a Study in Racial Ecology. London: Jonathan Cape.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewis, Arthur. 1978. The Evolution of the International Economic Order. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Lipton, Merle. 1985. Capitalism and Apartheid, South Africa, 1910–1986. Cape Town: David Philip; Aldershot: Wildwood House.Google Scholar
Mamdani, Mahmood. 1996. Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism. Cape Town: David Philip; Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Marais, Hein. 1998. South Africa, Limits to Change, The Political Economy of Transformation. London and New York: Zed Books.Google Scholar
Marais, Hein. 1999. His Masterful Voice. Leadership, October/November.Google Scholar
McCarthy, Jeff, and Bernstein, Anne. 1996. Durban—South Africa's Global Competitor? Johannesburg: Centre for Development and Enterprise.Google Scholar
Marx, Karl. 1970 (1867). Capital: a critique of political economy, volume 1. London: Lawrence and Wishart.Google Scholar
Meer, Fatima. 1969. Portrait of Indian South Africans. Durban: Avon House Press.Google Scholar
Michie, Jonathan; and Padayachee, Vishnu. 1998. Three years after apartheid: growth, employment and redistribution? Cambridge Journal of Economics, 22:5, 623–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ovenden, Keith, and Cole, Tony. 1989. Apartheid and International Finance. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Padayachee, Vishnu. 1999. “Struggle, Collaboration and Democracy.” The Economic and Political Weekly, XXXIV:7, 393–5.Google Scholar
Padayachee, Vishnu, Vawda, Shahid, and Tichmann, Paul. 1988, reprint. Indian Workers and Trade Unions in Durban: 1930–1950. Report No 20. Durban: Institute for Social and Economic Research Publication.Google Scholar
Padayachee, Vishnu, and Morrell, Robert. 1991. “Indian Merchants and Dukawallahs in the Natal Economy, c. 1875–1914,” The Journal of Southern African Studies, 17:1, 71–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Palmer, Mabel. 1957. The History of the Indians in Natal. Cape Town, London and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Ranis, G., and Orrock, L. 1985. Latin America and East Asian NICs. Development Strategies Compared, in E. Duran (ed.) Latin America and the World Recession. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. South African Directory of Indian Merchants and Others. 1909 (2 January) and various other issues. Durban: Indian Opinion.Google Scholar
Swan, Maureen. 1985. Gandhi, the South African Experience. Johannesburg: Ravan Press.Google Scholar
Swan, Maureen. 1987. “Ideology in organised Indian politics, 1891–1948,” in Shula Marks and Stanley Trapido, eds. The Politics of Race, Class and Nationalism in Twentieth Century South Africa. London and New York: Longmans.Google Scholar
The Universal Group. N.d. Company Profile. Durban. Google Scholar
United Nations Development Program. 1998. Human Development Report 1998. New York: UNDP.Google Scholar
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Indian Business in South Africa after Apartheid: New and Old Trajectories
Available formats

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Indian Business in South Africa after Apartheid: New and Old Trajectories
Available formats

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Indian Business in South Africa after Apartheid: New and Old Trajectories
Available formats

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *