Published online by Cambridge University Press: 20 August 2015
We present a three dimensional model of an open elastic tube immersed in fluid to understand valveless pumping mechanism. A fluid-tube interaction problem is simulated by the volume conserved immersed boundary method which prevents the generation of spurious velocity field near the tube and local cluster of the tube surface. In order to explain pumping phenomena without valves, average net flow is measured by changing parameter values such as pumping frequency, compression duration, and pumping amplitude. Some frequencies that make the system reach maximal or minimal net flow are selected to study case by case. We also study the effectiveness of fluid mixing using the Shannon entropy increase rate.