Let G be a graph with n vertices, and let k be an integer dividing n. G is said to be strongly k-colourable if, for every partition of V(G) into disjoint sets V1 ∪ ··· ∪ Vr, all of size exactly k, there exists a proper vertex k-colouring of G with each colour appearing exactly once in each Vi. In the case when k does not divide n, G is defined to be strongly k-colourable if the graph obtained by adding isolated vertices is strongly k-colourable. The strong chromatic number of G is the minimum k for which G is strongly k-colourable. In this paper, we study the behaviour of this parameter for the random graph Gn,p. In the dense case when p ≫ n−1/3, we prove that the strong chromatic number is a.s. concentrated on one value Δ + 1, where Δ is the maximum degree of the graph. We also obtain several weaker results for sparse random graphs.