Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-pftt2 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-28T09:01:29.728Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Properties of Thermally Treated Granular Montmorillonite-Palygorskite Adsorbent (GMPA) and Use to Remove Pb2+ and Cu2+ from Aqueous Solutions

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 January 2024

Shaohua Lin*
Affiliation:
School of Civil Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, 210037, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China
Tingting Zhou
Affiliation:
School of Civil Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, 210037, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China
Shenshen Yin
Affiliation:
School of Civil Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, 210037, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China
*
*E-mail address of corresponding author: franklinsh@126.com

Abstract

The adsorption properties of clay minerals (e.g. montmorillonite and palygorskite) have been improved through chemical treatment methods. However, the addition of extra chemicals is often not friendly to the environment and powdered clay-mineral adsorbents are inconvenient for some applications. To overcome these drawbacks in the present study, granular montmorillonite-palygorskite adsorbents (GMPA) were successfully prepared using Na-alginate and thermal treatments to improve heavy metal removal from water. The properties of GMPA samples under different calcination temperatures were examined using thermogravimetric (TG) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and specific surface area (BET). The results indicated that loss of mass by GMPA relative to the untreated montmorillonite-palygorskite was due to the loss of water, adsorbed Na-alginate, and mineral decomposition during thermal treatment. Changes in the morphology and crystallinity were significant at calcination temperatures from 500°C to 1000°C. The layered morphology totally disappeared after calcination at 1000°C, while transformation of the montmorillonite and palygorskite to a non-crystalline material was almost complete at 800°C and new crystalline phases appeared. Calcination temperature had a significant influence on the specific surface areas and pore volumes of GMPA. Both the changes in texture and chemical structure affected Pb2+ and Cu2+ removal. The GMPA sample produced at a 600°C calcination temperature was the most promising adsorbent for heavy metal removal from water.

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © Clay Minerals Society 2017

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abudelgawad, G. Viani, B., and Dixon, J., 1985 Palygorskite separation from dodecylammonium-treated clays Clays and Clay Minerals 33 438442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Andrini, L. Moreira, T.R. Gauna, M.R. Conconi, M.S. Requejo, F.G., and Rendtorff, N.M., 2017 Extended and local structural characterization of a natural and 800°C fired Na-montmorillonite-Patagonian bentonite by XRD and Al/Si XANES Applied Clay Science 137 233240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aoki, K. Wang, B. Chen, J., and Nishiumi, T., 2012 Diffusion coefficients in viscous sodium alginate solutions Electrochimica Acta 83 348353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berhane, T.M. Levy, J. Krekeler, M.P.S. Danielson, N.D., and Stalcup, A., 2015 Sorption desorption of carbamazepine by palygorskite-montmorillonite (PM) filter medium Journal of Hazardous Materials 282 183193.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Boudriche, L. Calvet, R. Hamdi, B., and Balard, H., 2012 Surface properties evolution of attapulgite by IGC analysis as a function of thermal treatment Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 399 110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, G. Brindley, G.W., Brindley, G.W. and Brown, G., 1980.X-ray diffraction procedures for clay mineral identification Crystal Structures of Clay Minerals and their X-ray IdentificationCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brunauer, S. Emmett, P.H., and Teller, E., 1938 Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers Journal of the American Chemical Society 60 309319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cases, J. M. Grillet, Y. Francois, M. Michot, L. Villiéras, F., and Yvon, J., 1991 Evolution of the porous structure and surface area of palygorskite under vacuum thermal treatment Clays and Clay Minerals 39 191201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, H., and Wang, A., 2007 Kinetic and isothermal studies of lead ion adsorption onto palygorskite clay Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 307 309316.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chen, T. Wang, J. Qing, C. Peng, S. Song, Y., and Guo, Y., 2006 Effect of heat treatment on structure, morphology and surface properties of palygorskite Kuei Suan Jen Hsueh Pao/Journal of the Chinese Ceramic Society 34 14061410.Google Scholar
Dubey, S.K. Yadav, R., and Chaturvedi, R.K., 2010 Contamination of ground water as a consequence of land disposal of dye waste mixed sewage effluents: a case study of Panipat district of Haryana, India Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology 85 295300.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Eliche-Quesada, D. Felipe-Sesé, M.A. Moreno-Molina, A.J. Franco, F., and Infantes-Molina, A., 2017 Investigation of using bottom or fly pine-olive pruning ash to produce environmental friendly ceramic materials Applied Clay Science 135 333346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fernández, M. Albab, M.D., and Torres Sánchez, R.M., 2013 Effects of thermal and mechanical treatments on montmorillonite homoionized with mono- and polyvalent cations: Insight into the surface and structural changes Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 423 110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fernández-Nava, Y. Ulmanu, M. Anger, I. Marañón, E., and Castrillón, L., 2011 Use of granular bentonite in the removal of mercury (II), cadmium (II) and lead (II) from aqueous solutions Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 215 239249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frost, R.L., and Ding, Z., 2003 Controlled rate thermal analysis and differential scanning calorimetry of sepiolites and palygorskites Thermochimica Acta 397 119128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hayati-Ashtiani, M., 2011 Characterization of nano-porous bentonite (montmorillonite) particles using FTIR and BETBJH analyses. Particle & Particle Systems Characterization 28 7176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huang, J. Liu, Y., and Wang, X., 2008 Selective adsorption of tannin from flavonoids by organically modified attapulgite clay Journal of Hazardous Materials 160 382387.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jiang, Y. Li, X. Qin, Z., and Ji, H., 2016 Preparation of Ni/bentonite catalyst and its applications in the catalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering 24 11951200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jin, X. Yu, C. Li, Y. Qi, Y. Yang, L. Zhao, G., and Hu, H., 2011 Preparation of novel nano-adsorbent based on organic inorganic hybrid and their adsorption for heavy metals and organic pollutants presented in water environment Journal of Hazardous Materials 186 16721680.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Karapinar, N. and Donat, R., 2009 Adsorption behaviour of Cu2+ and Cd2+ onto natural bentonite Desalination 249 123129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuang, W. Facey, G., and Detellier, C., 2004 Dehydration and rehydration of palygorskite and the influence of water on the nanopores Clays and Clay Minerals 52 635642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kwon, J. Léopold, E. Jung, M. Emmanuel, E. Israël, M., and Kim, K.-H., 2012 Impact assessment of heavy metal pol lution in the municipal lake water, Yaounde, Cameroon Geosciences Journal 16 193202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liang, X. Xu, Y. Tan, X. Wang, L. Sun, Y. Lin, D., and Wang, Q., 2013 Heavy metal adsorbents mercapto and amino functionalized palygorskite: preparation and characterization Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 426 98105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, H. Chen, T. Chang, D. Chen, D. Xie, J., and Frost, R.L., 2014 Effect of palygorskite clay on pyrolysis of rape straw: An in situ catalysis study Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 417 264269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ma, L. Zhou, Q. Li, T. Tao, Q. Zhu, J. Yuan, P., and He, H., 2014 Investigation of structure and thermal stability of surfactant-modified Al-pillared montmorillonite Journal of Thermal Analysis & Calorimetry 115 219225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mishra, S.P., 2014 Adsorption-desorption of heavy metal ions Current Science 107 601612.Google Scholar
Mok, J.S. Kwon, J.Y. Son, K.T. Choi, W.S. Shim, K.B. Lee, T.S., and Kim, J.H., 2014 Distribution of heavy metals in muscles and internal organs of Korean cephalopods and crustaceans: risk assessment for human health Journal of Food Protection 77 21682175.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Murray, H.H., 2000 Traditional and new applications for kaolin, smectite, and palygorskite: a general overview Applied Clay Science 17 207221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Novák, I., and Nováková, L., 1980 Changes in the surface and microstructure of montmorillonites after thermal treatment Chemical Papers-Chemicke Zvesti 34 348356.Google Scholar
Potgieter, J.H. Potgieter-Vermaak, S.S., and Kalibantonga, P.D., 2006 Heavy metals removal from solution by palygorskite clay Minerals Engineering 19 463470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rusmin, R. Sarkar, B. Biswas, B. Churchman, J. Liu, Y., and Naidu, R., 2016 Structural, electrokinetic and surface properties of activated palygorskite for environmental application Applied Clay Science 134 95102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sainz-Díaz, C.I. Timón, V. Bottela, V. Artacho, E., and Hernández-Lagina, A., 2002 Quantum mechanical calculations of dioctahedral 2:1 phyllosilicates: effect of octahedral cation distributions in pyrophyllite, illite, and smectite American Mineralogist 87 958965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thakur, J.S. Prinja, S. Singh, D. Rajwanshi, A. Prasad, R. Parwana, H.K., and Kumar, R., 2010 Adverse reproductive and child health outcomes among people living near highly toxic waste water drains in Punjab, India Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 64 148154.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Thong, Z. Han, G. Cui, Y. Gao, J. Chung, T.-S. Chan, S.Y., and Wei, S., 2014 Novel nanofiltration membranes consisting of a sulfonated pentablock copolymer rejection layer for heavy metal removal Environmental Science & Technology 48 1388013887.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Veli, S., and Alyüz, B., 2007 Adsorption of copper and zinc from aqueous solutions by using natural clay Journal of Hazardous Materials 149 226233.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Virha, R. Biswas, A.K. Kakaria, V.K. Qureshi, T.A. Borana, K., and Malik, N., 2011 Seasonal variation in physicochemical parameters and heavy metals in water of upper lake of Bhopal Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 86 168174.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wang, W. Chen, H., and Wang, A., 2007 Adsorption characteristics of Cd(II) from aqueous solution onto activated palygorskite Separation and Purification Technology 55 157164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wu, P. Ming, C., and Li, R., 2005 Microstructural characteristic of montmorillonite and its thermal treatment products Journal of Wuhan University of Technology- Materials Science Edition 20 8388.Google Scholar
Xia, M. Jiang, Y. Zhao, L. Li, F. Xue, B. Sun, M., and Zhang, X., 2010 Wet grinding of montmorillonite and its effect on the properties of mesoporous montmorillonite Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 356 19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Xie, J. Chen, T. Xing, B. Liu, H. Xie, Q. Li, H., and Wu, Y., 2016 The thermochemical activity of dolomite occurred in dolomite-palygorskite Applied Clay Science 119 4248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yamashita, T. and Hayes, P., 2008 Analysis of XPS spectra of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions in oxide materials Applied Surface Science 254 24412449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zabochnicka-Świątek, M., and Krzywonos, M., 2014 Potentials of biosorption and bioaccumulation processes for heavy metal removal Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 23 551561.Google Scholar
Zeng, H.F. Lin, L.J. Xi, Y.M., and Han, Z.Y., 2017 Effects of raw and heated palygorskite on rumen fermentation in vitro Applied Clay Science 138 125130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhao, D. Zhou, J., and Liu, N., 2007 Surface characteristics and photoactivity of silver-modified palygorskite clays coated with nanosized titanium dioxide particles Materials Characterization 58 249255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhao, Y. Chen, Y. Li, M. Zhou, S. Xue, A. and Xing, W., 2009 Adsorption of Hg2+ from aqueous solution onto polyacrylamide/attapulgite Journal of Hazardous Materials 171 640646.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zhu, J. Shen, W. Ma, Y. Ma, L. Zhou, Q. Yuan, P., and He, H., 2012 The influence of alkyl chain length on surfactant distribution within organo-montmorillonites and their thermal stability Journal of Thermal Analysis & Calorimetry 109 301309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhu, L. Zhang, L., and Tang, Y., 2014 Synthesis of organomontmorillonite/sodium alginate graft poly(acrylic acid-co- 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid) superabsorbent composite and its adsorption studies Polymers & Polymer Composites 22 417422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar