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Functional Montmorillonite/Polymer Coatings

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 January 2024

Shu Qing Zhou
Affiliation:
Research Group for Advanced Materials & Sustainable Catalysis (AMSC), State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Chemistry-Synthesis Technology, College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China Qing Yang Institute for Industrial Minerals, You Hua, Chi Zhou, Qing Yang 242804, China Zhejiang Institute of Geology and Mineral Resource, Hangzhou 310007, China
Yu Qin Niu
Affiliation:
Research Group for Advanced Materials & Sustainable Catalysis (AMSC), State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Chemistry-Synthesis Technology, College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China Qing Yang Institute for Industrial Minerals, You Hua, Chi Zhou, Qing Yang 242804, China
Jia Hui Liu
Affiliation:
Research Group for Advanced Materials & Sustainable Catalysis (AMSC), State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Chemistry-Synthesis Technology, College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China Qing Yang Institute for Industrial Minerals, You Hua, Chi Zhou, Qing Yang 242804, China
Xi Xi Chen
Affiliation:
Research Group for Advanced Materials & Sustainable Catalysis (AMSC), State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Chemistry-Synthesis Technology, College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China Qing Yang Institute for Industrial Minerals, You Hua, Chi Zhou, Qing Yang 242804, China
Chun Sheng Li
Affiliation:
Zhejiang Institute of Geology and Mineral Resource, Hangzhou 310007, China
Will P. Gates
Affiliation:
Institute for Frontier Materials, Deakin University Melbourne-Burwood, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
Chun Hui Zhou*
Affiliation:
Research Group for Advanced Materials & Sustainable Catalysis (AMSC), State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Chemistry-Synthesis Technology, College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032, China Qing Yang Institute for Industrial Minerals, You Hua, Chi Zhou, Qing Yang 242804, China
*

Abstract

Functional montmorillonite can be dispersed in polymer coatings and organic species and polymers can be intercalated into the interlayer space or grafted onto the surface of the functional montmorillonite. The addition of functional montmorillonite into polymer-based coatings can significantly improve anti-corrosion, refractory, super-hydrophobicity, antibacterial activity, and absorption of solar radiation by the resulting montmorillonite/polymer coatings. Montmorillonite can be functionalized for this purpose by ion exchange, intercalation, exfoliation, or combinations of these treatments. The rigid montmorillonite layers interspersed within the polymer matrix inhibit the penetration of corrosive substances, minimize the impact of high-temperature airflow, and thereby lead to strong resistance of the coating to corrosion and fire. The combination of polymers and dispersed montmorillonite nanolayers, which are modified by metal ions, metal oxides, and hydrophobic organic species, allows the resulting  composite coating to have quite a rough surface and a much smaller surface free energy so that the montmorillonite/polymer coating possesses superhydrophobicity. The interlayer space of functional montmorillonite can also host or encapsulate antibacterial substances, phase-change materials, and solar energy-absorbing materials. Moreover, it can act as a template to make these guest species exist in a more stable and ordered state. Literature surveys suggest that future work on the functional montmorillonite/polymer coatings should be targeted at the manufacture of functional montmorillonite nanolayers by finding more suitable modifiers and tuning the dispersion and funtionalities of montmorillonite in the coatings.

Type
Review
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The Clay Minerals Society 2022

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