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Cavernous Malformation of the Hypoglossal Nerve: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 September 2018

Michael Chow
Affiliation:
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, and Department of Pathology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Bassam Addas
Affiliation:
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, and Department of Pathology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Virgilio Sangalang
Affiliation:
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, and Department of Pathology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Renn Holness
Affiliation:
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, and Department of Pathology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
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Abstract:

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Objective:

To describe a patient who presented with a hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by a cavernous malformation, review the literature on cavernous malformations associated with cranial nerves and the differential diagnosis of hypoglossal palsy.

Results:

Partial resection of the lesion was achieved and the diagnosis of cavernous malformation proven histologically.

Conclusions:

Involvement of a cranial nerve by a cavernous malformation is very uncommon and the facial nerve is the example most frequently reported. This case report adds another possible site for this rare occurrence.

Résumé:

Résumé: Objectif:

Nous décrivons le cas d’un patient qui a présenté une paralysie du nerf hypoglosse causée par une malformation caverneuse et nous revoyons la littérature sur les malformations caverneuses associées aux nerfs crâniens ainsi que le diagnostic différentiel de la paralysie du nerf hypoglosse.

Résultats:

Une résection partielle de la lésion a été effectuée et le diagnostic de malformation caverneuse a été confirmé en anatomopathologie.

Conclusion:

l’atteinte d’un nerf crânien par une malformation caverneuse est très rare et l’atteinte du nerf facial est l’exemple le plus souvent rapporté. Cette observation décrit un autre site possible de cette pathologie rare.

Type
Case Reports
Copyright
Copyright © Canadian Neurological Sciences Federation 2002

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