Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5f95dd588d-fwjgt Total loading time: 0.276 Render date: 2021-10-28T21:55:13.415Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

A History of Diagnostic Investigations in Epilepsy Surgery

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 January 2021

Khashayar Hanjani*
Affiliation:
Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Mostafa Fatehi
Affiliation:
Division of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Nis Schmidt
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Yayha Aghakhani
Affiliation:
Division of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Gary J. Redekop
Affiliation:
Division of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
*
Correspondence to: Khashayar Hanjani, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Email: khashayar.hanjani@alumni.ubc.ca

Abstract:

Epilepsy surgery has progressed significantly in the last 150 years. Functional brain maps allowed for the localization of epileptogenic lesions based on seizure patterns, allowing surgeons like McEwan and Horsely to treat epilepsy surgically. Berger’s electroencephalogram marked the first modality directly identifying epileptic abnormalities. Penfield and Jasper collaborated, as neurosurgeon and neurologist, to use EEG for surgery. Meanwhile, Wada developed the amobarbital test, improving the protection of language and memory. Talairach and Bancaud pioneered invasive monitoring of deep brain activity with stereoelectroencephalography before the computer age made CT and MRI possible. Looking forward, AI and robotics hold promise for further improving outcomes.

Résumé :

RÉSUMÉ :

Historique des modalités diagnostiques dans la chirurgie de l’épilepsie.

La chirurgie de l’épilepsie a progressé de manière notable au cours des 150 dernières années. La cartographie fonctionnelle du cerveau a ainsi permis la localisation de lésions épileptogènes en fonction du type de crise convulsive, ce qui a permis à des chirurgiens comme McEwan et Horsely de traiter l’épilepsie au moyen d’interventions chirurgicales. L’électroencéphalogramme de Berger a constitué la première modalité d’identification directe des anomalies épileptiques. De leur côté, Penfield et Jasper, respectivement neurochirurgien et neurologue, sont connus pour avoir collaboré dans l’utilisation de l’électroencéphalographie (EEG) lors d’interventions chirurgicales. À l’aide de l’amobarbital sodique, Wada a quant à lui développé un test grâce auquel on a pu améliorer la protection des capacités langagières et mémorielles des patients. S’appuyant sur la stéréo-électroencéphalographie, Talairach et Bancaud ont été par ailleurs les pionniers de la surveillance invasive de l’activité cérébrale profonde, et ce, avant que l’ère de l’informatique ne rende possible les examens de tomodensitométrie et d’IRM. Enfin, si l’on se tourne vers l’avenir, l’intelligence artificielle et la robotique constituent des domaines prometteurs en vue d’une amélioration des traitements offerts.

Type
Historical Review
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences Inc.

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

Previous Presentations: The contents of this paper were presented in the form of an oral presentation at Vancouver General Hospital on March 11, 2020, as the winner of the Nis Schmidt History of Surgery Prize.

References

Epilepsy. World Health Organization. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/epilepsy; accessed January 29, 2020.Google Scholar
Fisher, RS, Vickrey, BG, Gibson, P, et al. The impact of epilepsy from the patient’s perspective I. Descriptions and subjective perceptions. Epilepsy Res. 2000;41(1):3951. doi: 10.1016/S0920-1211(00)00126-1 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Magiorkinis, E, Sidiropoulou, K, Diamantis, A. Hallmarks in the history of epilepsy: Epilepsy in antiquity. Epilepsy Behav. 2010;17(1):103–08. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.10.023 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Olivier, A, Boling, WW, Tanriverdi, T. History of epilepsy surgery. In: Olivier, A, Boling, WW, Tanriverdi, T, editors. Techniques in Epilepsy surgery. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2012, pp. 114. doi: 10.1017/cbo9781139021951.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pillmann, F. Carl Wernicke (1848–1905). J Neurol. 2003;250(11):1390–91. doi: 10.1007/s00415-003-0250-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zilles, K. Brodmann: a pioneer of human brain mapping—his impact on concepts of cortical organization. Brain. 2018;141(11):3262–78. doi: 10.1093/brain/awy273 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Eadie, MJ. Sir Charles Locock and potassium bromide. J R Coll Physicians Edinb. 2012;42(3):274–79. doi: 10.4997/JRCPE.2012.317 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stone, JL, Hughes, JR. Early history of electroencephalography and establishment of the American clinical neurophysiology society. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2013;30(1):2844. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0b013e31827edb2d CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gloor, P. Hans Berger and the discovery of the electroencephalogram. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1969;28(suppl):136.Google Scholar
Gloor, P. Hans Berger on the electroencephalogram of man. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1969;28(suppl):1350.Google Scholar
Jung, R. Some European neuroscientists: a personal tribute. In: Worden, FG, Swazey, JP, Adelman, G, editors. The neurosciences: paths of discovery. Cambridge: MIT Press; 1975, pp. 477511.Google Scholar
Jasper, HH. Some highlights of 70 years in neuroscience research. In: Squire, LR, editor. The history of neuroscience in autobiography. Vol. 1. Washington: Society for Neuroscience; 1996, pp. 320–46.Google Scholar
Davis, P, Davis, H. Development of electroencephalography: retrospect and outlook. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1940;10:710–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, H. Crossroads on the pathways to discovery. In: Worden FG, Swazey JP, Adelman G, editors. The neurosciences: paths of discovery. Cambridge: MIT Press; 1975, pp. 311–21.Google Scholar
Gibbs, FA, Davis, H. Changes in the human electroencephalogram associated with loss of consciousness. Am J Physiol. 1935;113:4950.Google Scholar
Gibbs, FA, Lennox, WG, Gibbs, EL. The electro-encephalogram in diagnosis and in localization of epileptic seizures. Arch Neurol Psychiatry. 1936;36:1225–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibbs, FA, Gibbs, EL, Lennox, WG. Epilepsy: paroxysmal cerebral dysrhythmia. Brain. 1937;60:377–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Emde Boas, W, Juhn, A. Wada and the Sodium Amytal test The first (and last?) 50 years. J Hist Neurosci. 1999;8(3):286–92. doi: 10.1076/jhin.8.3.286.1819 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wada, JA. Youthful season revisited. Brain Cogn. 1997;33(1):710. doi: 10.1006/brcg.1997.0879 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wada, JA. A fateful encounter: sixty years later—reflections on the Wada test. Epilepsia. 2008;49(4):726–27. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2008.01515_6.x CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wada, JA, Rasmussen, T. Intracarotid injection of Sodium Amytal for the lateralization of cerebral speech dominance. Experimental and clinical observations. J Neurosurg. 1960;17:266–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Congratulations to Dr. Juhn Wada, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychiatry and Neurosciences on his induction into the Hall of Honor at Vancouver General Hospital. University of British Columbia, Department of Psychiatry; 2020. Available at: https://psychiatry.ubc.ca/2019/02/07/32469/; accessed February 1, 2020.Google Scholar
Wickens, AP. Brenda Milner (b. 1918). In: Key thinkers in neuroscience. New York: Routledge; 2018, pp. 121–27. doi: 10.4324/9781351271042-18 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milner, B. Amnesia following operation on the temporal lobes. In: Whitty CWM, Zangwill OL, editors. Amnesia. London: Butterworths;1966, pp. 109–33.Google Scholar
Milner, B, Branch, C, Rasmussen, T. Study of short-term memory after intracarotid injection of sodium amytal. Trans Am Neurol Assoc. 1962;87:224–26.Google Scholar
Loddenkemper, T. The Wada vanishes—commentary on Baxendale et al. Epilepsia. 2008;49(4):724–25. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2008.01515_4.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shorvon, SD. A history of neuroimaging in epilepsy 1909–2009. Epilepsia. 2009;50(SUPPL. 3):3949. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2009.02038.x CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Damadian, R. Tumor detection by nuclear magnetic resonance. Science. 1971;171:1151–53.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Damadian, R, Minkoff, L, Goldsmith, M, Stanford, M, Koutcher, J. Field focusing nuclear magnetic resonance (FONAR): visualization of a tumor in a live animal. Science. 1976;194:1430–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lauterbur, P. Image formation by induced local interactions: examples employing nuclear magnetic resonance. Nature. 1973;242:190–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mansfield, P, Maudsley, AA. Human imaging by NMR. Brit J Radiol. 1977;50:186–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ogawa, S, Lee, TM, Nayak, AS, Glynn, P. Oxygenation-sensitive contrast in magnetic resonance image of rodent brain at high magnetic fields. Magn Reson Med. 1990;14(1):6878. doi: 10.1002/mrm.1910140108 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reif, PS, Strzelczyk, A, Rosenow, F. The history of invasive EEG evaluation in epilepsy patients. Seizure. 2016;41:191–95. doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2016.04.006 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barwick, DD. Hans Berger on the electroencephalogram of man. The fourteen original reports on the human electroencephalogram. J Neurol Sci. 1971;13(4):507. doi: 10.1016/0022-510x(71)90014-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foerster, O, Altenburger, H. Elektrobiologische Vorgänge an der menschlichen Hirnrinde. Dtsch Z Nervenheilkd. 1935;135(5–6):277–88. doi: 10.1007/BF01732786 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sarikcioglu, L. Otfrid Foerster (1873–1941): one of the distinguished neuroscientists of his time. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2007;78(6):650. doi: 10.1136/jnnp.2006.112680 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Foerster, O, Penfield, W. The structural basis of traumatic epilepsy and results of radical operation. Brain. 1930;53:99119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Almeida, AN, Martinez, V, Feindel, W. The first case of invasive EEG monitoring for the surgical treatment of Epilepsy: historical significance and context. Epilepsia. 2005;46(7):1082–85. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2005.66404.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Penfield, W. The epilepsies: with a note on radical therapy. N Engl J Med. 1939;221:209–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hayne, RA, Belinson, L, Gibbs, FA. Electrical activity of subcortical areas in epilepsy. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1949;1(1–4):437–45. doi: 10.1016/0013-4694(49)90215-1 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Talairach, J, Hecaen, H, David, M, et al. Recherches sur la coagulation thérapeutique des structures sous-corticales chez l’homme. Rev Neurol. 1949;81:424.Google Scholar
Talairach, J, David, M, Tournoux, P, et al. Atlas d’anatomie stéréotaxique des noyaux gris centraux. Paris: Masson & Cie; 1957.Google Scholar
Talairach, J, Bancaud, J, Bonis, A, et al. Functional stereotaxic exploration of epilepsy. Confin Neurol. 1962;22:328–31.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Talairach, J, Lesion, Bancaud J., “Irritative” zone and epileptogenic focus. Confin Neurol. 1966;27:91–4. doi: 10.1159/000103937.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nair, DR, Burgess, R, McIntyre, CC, Lüders, H. Chronic subdural electrodes in the management of epilepsy. Clinical Neurophysiol. 2008;119:1128.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wyler, AR, Ojemann, GA, Lettich, E, Ward, AA. Subdural strip electrodes for localizing epileptogenic foci. J Neurosurg. 1984;60:1195–200.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chabardes, S, Abel, TJ, Cardinale, F, Kahane, P. Commentary: understanding Stereoelectroencephalography: what’s next? Neurosurgery. 2018;82:E1516.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mullin, JP, Shriver, M, Alomar, S, et al. Is SEEG safe? A systematic review and meta-analysis of stereo-electroencephalography-related complications. Epilepsia (Copenhagen). 2016;57:386401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ho, AL, Muftuoglu, Y, Pendharkar, AV, et al. Robot-guided pediatric stereoelectroencephalography: single-institution experience. J Neurosur Pediatr. 2018;22:489–96.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cardinale, F, Casaceli, G, Raneri, F, Miller, J, Lo Russo, G. Implantation of Stereoelectroencephalography electrodes: a systematic review. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2016;33:490502.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

A History of Diagnostic Investigations in Epilepsy Surgery
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

A History of Diagnostic Investigations in Epilepsy Surgery
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

A History of Diagnostic Investigations in Epilepsy Surgery
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *