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THE ROMAN ARMY AND GREEK MILITARISM IN CHARITON'S CHAEREAS AND CALLIRHOE

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 August 2018

Daniel Jolowicz*
Affiliation:
Clare Hall, University of Cambridge

Abstract

This paper seeks to highlight and assess the presence of allusions to Roman military apparatus in Chariton's Chaereas and Callirhoe. In the introduction, I contextualise the argument within the history of scholarship on the novel, and discuss issues relating to the author's date, Aphrodisian provenance and readership. I then divide the argument into three parts. At the end of the novel, Chaereas returns to Syracuse and publicly displays the spoils won from the east in a manner that, I argue, is highly suggestive of the Roman triumph (Part i). He then extends a grant of citizenship to the Greek element of his army and issues them cash donatives, while Hermocrates gives farmland to the Egyptians. As I demonstrate, this is characteristic of what happens upon the demobilisation of Roman military manpower (especially the auxilia) (Part ii). I then draw out the ramifications of an imperial-era author who represents Greek military exploits against the Persians, writing during a period in which Greeks were not interested in military endeavours (Part iii).

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Cambridge University Press 

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Footnotes

I would like to extend my gratitude to Ewen Bowie and Richard Hunter for reading and commenting on an earlier draft of this paper. I also wish to thank Ben Raynor, John Ma and Stelios Chrysostomou for their valuable assistance in matters of military history. The journal's anonymous reviewers made many incisive criticisms and suggestions, for which I am extremely grateful.

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