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A new Kharoṣṭhī wooden tablet from China

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 December 2009

Extract

Many Kharoṣṭhī documents have been unearthed from the buried cities in the shifting sands of the Taklamakan Desert in the last thirty years. I went to the south of the Desert and conducted an archaeological survey along the Silk Road in the summer of 1986. A Kharoṣṭhī wooden tablet happened to be on display in the Khotan Museum when I visited there, but no serial number had been given to the new document. It was allegedly collected by Mr. Li Xuehua, an officer of the Min Feng county, when he explored the way to the Niya site for the shooting of a television programme on the Silk Road in 1981. However, he did not leave any further information on the exact place where the tablet was found in the vast area of Niya.

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Copyright © School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 1990

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References

1 For material concerning Khotan, Shanshan and Tunhuang, cf. Stein, M. A.. Ancient Khotan, i–III (Oxford, 1907)Google Scholar; Serindia, i–III (Oxford, 1921), Innermost Asia, I–IV (Oxford, 1928). For material concerning Kuci, cf. Le Coq, A. v., Buried treasures of Chinese Turkestan (London, 1928)Google Scholar; Filliozat, J., ‘L'Agalloche et les manuscripts sur bois dan l'lnde et les pays de civilisation indienne’, JA, CCXLVI, 1, 1958Google Scholar; Pauly, B., ‘Fragments Sanskrits d'Afghanistan‘, JA. CCLV, 34. 1967Google Scholar. For material concerning Luoyang, cf. Brough, J.. ‘A Kharoṣṭhī inscription from China’, BSOAS, xxiv, 3 1961. 517–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

2 M. A. Stein, op. cit.Google Scholar; Burrow, T.,‘Further Kharoṣṭhī documents from Niya’, BSOS, ix, 1, 1937, 111–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

3 Rapson, E. J., ‘Table of kings and regnal years’, in Kharoṣṭhī inscriptions discovered by Sir Aurel Stein in Chinese Turkestan, part III, (Oxford, 1929)Google Scholar.

4 Rapson, E. J., ‘The Kharoṣṭhī alphabet of Chinese Turkestan’, in K.I. 23Google Scholar.

5 Lüders, H.Zur Schrift und Sprache der Kharoṣṭhī Dokumente’, BSOS, IX, 2–3, 1936, 637–55Google Scholar: Burrow, T., ‘Further Kharoṣṭhī documents from Niya’, BSOS, ix, 1, 1937, 111Google Scholar.

6 Rapson, E. J., ‘Kings and regnal years’, in K.I., part III, 323–8Google Scholar.

7 Stein, M. A., Ancient Khotan, vol. II; Serindia, vol. I, T., Burrow, ‘Further Kharoṣṭhī documents from Niya’, art. citGoogle Scholar.

8 Stein, M. A., Ancient Khotan, vol. II; Serindia, vol. IGoogle Scholar; Burrow, T.,’Further Kharoṣṭhī documents from Niya’, art. citGoogle Scholar.

9 Rapson, E. J., ‘Kings and regnal years’, K.I., part III, 323–8Google Scholar; Das Gupta, C. C., The development of the Kharoṣṭhī script, (Calcutta 1958)Google Scholar.

10 Brough, J., ‘Comments upon third–century Shanshan’, BSOAS, xxxm, 1970;Google ScholarEnoki, Kazuo, ‘The location of the capital of Loulan and the date of Kharoṣṭhī inscriptions’, Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko, no. 22, 1963;Google ScholarMa, YongThe date of Kharoṣṭhī documents from Xinjiang’, Wenshi, vol. 7, 1979Google Scholar; Lin, Meicun, ‘Researches on Khotan kings in Kharoṣṭhī documents and Sino–Kharoṣṭhī coins’, Wenwu, no. 2, 1987Google Scholar.

11 Fang, Xuanling et al. , Jin shu, 86 (Peking, 1974), 2237Google Scholar.

12 Sima, Guang, Zizhi tongjian, 95 (Peking, 1956), 3004 [Ed. comment: ‘Sima Guang's remarks may be read to mean that the events in question took place prior to A.D. 335, not in that year.’]Google Scholar.

13 Jin shu, 114, p. 2911; Sengyou, Chu sanzang jiji, 14, p. 100c in Taishō shinshū daizokyō, LV.

14 Jin shu, 95, p. 2498.

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