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Population genetics reveal multiple independent invasions of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in China

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 April 2022

Yun-Yuan Jiang
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China
Yi-Yin Zhang
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China
Xin-Yu Zhou
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China
Xiao-Yue Hong
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China
Lei Chen*
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China
*
Author for correspondence: Lei Chen, Email: leichen@njau.edu.cn

Abstract

The fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), a destructive pest that originated in South and North America, spread to China in early 2019. Controlling this invasive pest requires an understanding of its population structure and migration patterns, yet the invasion genetics of Chinese S. frugiperda is not clear. Here, using the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene, triose phosphate isomerase (Tpi) gene and eight microsatellite loci, we investigated genetic structure and genetic diversity of 16 S. frugiperda populations in China. The Tpi locus identified most S. frugiperda populations as the corn-strains, and a few were heterozygous strains. The microsatellite loci revealed that the genetic diversity of this pest in China was lower than that in South America. Furthermore, we found moderate differentiation among the populations, distinct genetic structures between adjacent populations and abundant genetic resources in the S. frugiperda populations from China sampled across 2 years. The survival rate of S. frugiperda was significantly higher when it was fed on corn leaves than on rice leaves, and the larval stage mortality rate was the highest under both treatments. Our results showed that S. frugiperda probably invaded China via multiple independent introductions and careful pesticide control, continuous monitoring and further studies will be needed to minimize its potential future outbreak.

Type
Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press

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Population genetics reveal multiple independent invasions of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in China
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