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Growth, development, and host preference of Histiostoma feroniarum (Acaridida: Histiostomatidae): effects of temperature and types of mushroom cultivar

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 March 2023

Shao Xuan Qu*
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Horticultural Crop Genetic Improvement, Institute of Vegetable Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China Institute of Life Science, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 210023, China College of Life Sciences, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming, Yunnan 650224, China
Hui Ping Li
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Horticultural Crop Genetic Improvement, Institute of Vegetable Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China
Jia Chun Zhu
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Horticultural Crop Genetic Improvement, Institute of Vegetable Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China Institute of Life Science, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 210023, China
Jun Jie Liu
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Horticultural Crop Genetic Improvement, Institute of Vegetable Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China College of Life Sciences, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming, Yunnan 650224, China
Xin Luo
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Horticultural Crop Genetic Improvement, Institute of Vegetable Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China
Lin Ma
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Horticultural Crop Genetic Improvement, Institute of Vegetable Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China
Qiang Wang
Affiliation:
Institute of Life Science, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 210023, China
Ke Ping Chen
Affiliation:
Institute of Life Science, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 210023, China
*
Author for correspondence: Shao Xuan Qu, Email: qusx@jaas.ac.cn

Abstract

One of the most common harmful mites in edible fungi is Histiostoma feroniarum Dufour (Acaridida: Histiostomatidae), a fungivorous astigmatid mite that feeds on hyphae and fruiting bodies, thereby transmitting pathogens. This study examined the effects of seven constant temperatures and 10 types of mushrooms on the growth and development of H. feroniarum, as well as its host preference. Developmental time for the total immature stages was significantly affected by the type of mushroom species, ranging from 4.3 ± 0.4 days (reared on Pleurotus eryngii var. tuoliensis Mou at 28°C) to 17.1 ± 2.3 days (reared on Auricularia polytricha Sacc. at 19°C). The temperature was a major factor in the formation of facultative heteromorphic deutonymphs (hypopi). The mite entered the hypopus stage when the temperature dropped to 16°C or rose above 31°C. The growth and development of this mite were significantly influenced by the type of species and variety of mushrooms. Moreover, the fungivorous astigmatid mite preferred to feed on the ‘Wuxiang No. 1’ strain of Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler and the ‘Gaowenxiu’ strain of P. pulmonarius (Fr.) Quél., with a shorter development period compared with that of feeding on other strains. These results therefore quantify the effect of host type and temperature on fungivorous astigmatid mite growth and development rates, and provide a reference for applying mushroom cultivar resistance to biological pest control.

Type
Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press

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