Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-pjpqr Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-16T07:29:56.141Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Biological and ecological evidences suggest Stipa krylovii (Pooideae), contributes to optimal growth performance and population distribution of the grasshopper Oedaleus asiaticus

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2017

X.B. Huang
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China Scientific Observation and Experimental Station of Pests in Xilin Gol Rangeland, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia, China
M.R. McNeill
Affiliation:
AgResearch, Canterbury Agriculture and Science Centre, Lincoln, New Zealand
J.C. Ma
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China Scientific Observation and Experimental Station of Pests in Xilin Gol Rangeland, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia, China
X.H. Qin
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China Scientific Observation and Experimental Station of Pests in Xilin Gol Rangeland, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia, China
X.B. Tu
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China Scientific Observation and Experimental Station of Pests in Xilin Gol Rangeland, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia, China
G.C. Cao
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China Scientific Observation and Experimental Station of Pests in Xilin Gol Rangeland, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia, China
G.J. Wang
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China Scientific Observation and Experimental Station of Pests in Xilin Gol Rangeland, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia, China
X.Q. Nong
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China Scientific Observation and Experimental Station of Pests in Xilin Gol Rangeland, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia, China
Z.H. Zhang*
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China Scientific Observation and Experimental Station of Pests in Xilin Gol Rangeland, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia, China
*
*Author for correspondence Phone: +010 82109585 Fax: +010 82109569 E-mail: zhangzehua@caas.cn

Abstract

Oedaleus asiaticus Bey. Bienko is a significant grasshopper pest species occurring in north Asian grasslands. Outbreaks often result in significant loss in grasses and economic losses. Interestingly, we found this grasshopper was mainly restricted to Stipa-dominated grassland. We suspected this may be related to the dominant grasses species, Stipa krylovii Roshev, and hypothesized that S. krylovii contributes to optimal growth performance and population distribution of O. asiaticus. A 4 year investigation showed that O. asiaticus density was positively correlated to the above-ground biomass of S. krylovii and O. asiaticus growth performance variables (survival rate, size, growth rate) were significantly higher in Stipa-dominated grassland. A feeding trial also showed that O. asiaticus had a higher growth performance when feeding exclusively on S. krylovii. In addition, the choice, consumption and the efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI) by O. asiaticus was highest for S. krylovii compared with other plant species found in the Asian grasslands. These ecological and biological traits revealed why O. asiaticus is strongly associated with Stipa-dominated grasslands. We concluded that the existence of S. krylovii benefited the growth performance and explained the distribution of O. asiaticus. These results are useful for improved pest management strategies and developing guidelines for the monitoring of grasshopper population dynamics against the background of vegetation succession and changing plant communities in response to activities such as grazing, fire and climate change.

Type
Research Papers
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Ali, J.G. & Agrawal, A.A. (2012) Specialist versus generalist insect herbivores and plant defense. Trends in Plant Science 17, 293302.Google Scholar
Behmer, S.T. (2009) Insect herbivore nutrient regulation. Annual Review of Entomology 54, 165187.Google Scholar
Bernays, E.A. & Chapman, R.F. (1994) Host Plant Selection by Phytophagous Insects. New York, USA, Springer.Google Scholar
Cease, J., Hao, S., Kang, L., Elser, J.J. & Harrison, J.F. (2010) Are color or high rearing density related to migratory polyphenism in the band-winged grasshopper, Oedaleus asiaticus? Journal of Insect Physiology 56, 926936.Google Scholar
Cease, A.J., Elser, J.J., Ford, C.F., Hao, S.G., Kang, L. & Harrison, J.F. (2012) Heavy livestock grazing promotes locust outbreaks by lowering plant nitrogen content. Science 335, 467469.Google Scholar
Chen, Z.Z. & Wang, S.P. (2000) Typical Steppe Ecosystems of China. Beijing, Science Press.Google Scholar
Franzke, A., Unsicker, S.B. & Specht, J. (2010) Being a generalist herbivore in a diverse world: how do diets from different grasslands influence food plant selection and fitness of the grasshopper Chorthippus parallelus . Ecological Entomology 35, 126138.Google Scholar
Gols, R., Bukovinszky, T., van Dam, N.M., Dicke, M., Bullock, J.M. & Harvey, J.A. (2008) Performance of generalist and specialist herbivores and their endoparasitoids differs on cultivated and wild Brassica populations. Journal of Chemical Ecology 34, 132143.Google Scholar
Guo, Z.W., Li, H.C. & Gan, Y.L. (2006) Grasshopper (Orthoptera: Acrididae) biodiversity and grassland ecosystems. Insect Science 13, 221227.Google Scholar
Han, J.G., Zhang, Y.J., Wang, C.J., Bai, W.M., Wang, Y.R., Han, G.D. & Li, L.H. (2008) Rangeland degradation and restoration management in China. Rangeland Journal 30, 233239.Google Scholar
Hopkins, R.J., van Dam, N.M. & van Loon, J.J.A. (2009) Role of glucosinolates in insect-plant relationships and multitrophic interactions. Annual Review of Entomology 54, 5783.Google Scholar
Huang, X., MacNeill, M. & Zhang, Z. (2016) Quantitative analysis of plant consumption and preference by Oedaleus asiaticus (Acrididae: Oedipodinae) in changed plant communities consisting of three grass species. Environmental Entomology 45, 163171.Google Scholar
Huang, X.B. (2015) Comprehensive evaluation and risk assessment of grasshoppers’ habitat based on a projection pursuit model. Acta Prataculture Sinica 24, 2533.Google Scholar
Ibanez, S., Manneville, O., Miquel, C., Taberlet, P., Valentini, A., Aubert, S., Coissac, E., Colace, M.P., Duparc, Q., Lavorel, S. & Moretti, M. (2013) Plant functional traits reveal the relative contribution of habitat and food preferences to the diet of grasshoppers. Oecologia 173, 14591470.Google Scholar
Li, H.C., Wang, Z. & Chen, Y.L. (1987) Food consumption and utilization by three species of Acridoids in typical steppe. Acta Ecologica Sinica 7, 331338.Google Scholar
Liu, G.H., Wang, G.J., Wang, S.P., Han, J.G., Wang, X.R. & Hao, S.G. (2013) The diet composition and trophic niche of main herbivores in the Inner Mongolia desert steppe. Acta Agrestia Sinica 33, 856866.Google Scholar
Liu, G.S., Zhuang, L.W. & Guo, A.H. (2006) Primary study on climatic prediction on nymph stages of ODA (Oedalens asiaticus) in rangeland of Inner Mongolia. Prataculture Science 1, 7174.Google Scholar
Lomer, C.J. & Prior, C. (2001) Biological control of locusts and grasshoppers. Annual Review of Entomology 46, 667702.Google Scholar
Lu, H., Yu, M., Zhang, L.S., Zhang, Z.H. & Long, R.J. (2005) Effects of foraging by different instar and density of Oedaleus asiaticus B. Bienko on forage yield. Acta Prataculture Science 31, 5558.Google Scholar
Masloski, K., Greenwood, C., Reiskind, M. & Payton, M. (2014) Evidence for diet-driven habitat partitioning of melanoplinae and gomphocerinae (Orthoptera: Acrididae) along a vegetation gradient in a Western Oklahoma Grassland. Environmental Entomology 43, 12091214.Google Scholar
Pérez, H.N., Díaz, S., Vendramini, F., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Gurvich, D.E. & Cabido, M. (2003) Leaf traits and herbivore selection in the field and in cafeteria experiments. Austral Ecology 28, 642650.Google Scholar
Powell, G., Tosh, C.R. & Hardie, J. (2006) Host plant selection by aphids: behavioral, evolutionary, and applied perspectives. Annual Review of Entomology 51, 309330.Google Scholar
Rath, S.S., Prasad, B.C. & Sinha, B.R.R.P. (2003) Food utilization efficiency in fifth instar larvae of Antheraeamy litta (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) infected with Nosema sp. and its effect on reproductive potential and silk production. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 83, 19.Google Scholar
Raubenheimer, D. & Simpson, S.J. (2004) Nutrient balancing in grasshoppers: behavioural and physiological correlates of dietary breadth. Journal of Experimental Biology 206, 16691681.Google Scholar
Raymond, B.V., David, N.K. & Zhong, C. (2004) Performance of a generalist grasshopper on a C3 and a C4 grass: compensation for the effects of elevated CO2 on plant nutritional quality. Oecologia 140, 96103.Google Scholar
Rominger, A.J., Miller, T.E.X. & Collins, S.L. (2009) Relative contributions of neutral and niche-based processes to the structure of a desert grassland grasshopper community. Oecologia 161, 791800.Google Scholar
Roy, A., Walker, W.B., Vogel, H., Chattington, S., Larsson, M.C., Anderson, P., Heckel, D.G. & Schlyter, F. (2016) Diet dependent metabolic responses in three generalist insect herbivores Spodoptera spp. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 71, 91105.Google Scholar
Schoonhoven, L.M., van Loon, J.J.A. & Dicke, M. (2005) Insect-plant Biology. Oxford, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Schutz, S., Weißbecker, B., Klein, A. & Hummel, H.E. (1997) Host plant selection of the Colorado potato beetle as influenced by damage induced volatiles of the potato plant. Naturwissenschaften 84, 212217.Google Scholar
Scriber, J.M. (2002). Evolution of insect-plant relationships: chemical constraints, coadaptation, and concordance of insect/plant traits. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 104, 217235.Google Scholar
Simpson, S.J., Sibly, R.M., Lee, K.P., Behmer, S.T. & Raubenheimer, D. (2004) Optimal foraging when regulating intake of multiple nutrients. Animal Behaviour 68, 12991311.Google Scholar
Stige, L.C., Chan, K.S., Zhang, Z.B., Frank, D. & Stenseth, N.C. (2007) Thousand-year-long Chinese time series reveals climatic forcing of decadal locust dynamics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104, 1618816193.Google Scholar
Unsicker, S.B., Oswald, A., Kohler, G. & Weisser, W.W. (2008) Complementarity effects through dietary mixing enhance the performance of a generalist insect herbivore. Oecologia 156, 313324.Google Scholar
Unsicker, S.B., Franzke, A., Specht, J., Köhler, G., Linz, J., Renker, C., Stein, C. & Weisser, W.W. (2010) Plant species richness in montane grasslands affects the fitness of a generalist grasshopper species. Ecology 91, 10831091.Google Scholar
Waldbauer, G.P. (1968) The consumption and utilization of food by insects. Advances in Insect Physiology 5, 229288.Google Scholar
Wang, D.C. (2004) The study on the breakout and disserving of grasshopper in Sunitezuo Banner, Inner Mongolia. Inner Mongolia Prataculture 16, 1415.Google Scholar
Whitman, D.W. (1990) Grasshopper chemical communication. pp. 357391 in Chapman, R.F. & Joern, A. (Eds) Biology of Grasshoppers. New York, John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
Wu, H.H., Xu, Y.H., Cao, G.C., Gexigedu, R., Liu, Z.Y. & He, B., Ererdengba, T., Wang, G.J. (2012) Ecological effects of typical grassland types in Inner Mongolia on grasshopper community. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 45, 41784186.Google Scholar
Zhang, M.C. & Fielding, D.J. (2011) Populations of the Northern Grasshopper, Melanoplus borealis (Orthoptera: Acrididae), in Alaska are rarely food limited. Environmental Entomology 40, 541548.Google Scholar
Zhang, W.Z., He, B., Cao, G.C., Zhang, Z.H., Wu, Y.H., Liu, S.C. & Wang, H.R. (2013) Quantitative analysis of the effects of Stipa krylovii and Leymus chinensis on the factors of vatiability of Odaleous asiaticus . Acta Prataculture Sinica 22, 302309.Google Scholar
Zhang, Z.J., Elser, J.J., Cease, A.J., Zhang, X.M. & Yu, Q. (2014) Grasshoppers regulate N:P stoichiometric homeostasis by changing phosphorus contents in their frass. PLoS ONE 9, e103697-e103697.Google Scholar
Zhu, H., Wang, D.L., Wang, L., Bai, Y.G., Fang, J. & Liu, J. (2012) The effects of large herbivore grazing on meadow steppe plant and insect diversity. Journal of Applied Ecology 49, 10751083.Google Scholar