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The development of a biotin deficiency in domestic fowl given wheat-based diets

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007

D. Balnave
Affiliation:
Department of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, The Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast BT9 5PX, and Department of Agriculture, Northern Ireland
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Abstract

1. Studies were done of the possible development of a biotin deficiency in domestic fowl of various ages as a result of feeding with diets composed mainly of wheat, and meat-and-bone meal. The degree of deficiency was estimated from physical symptoms, liver and kidney composition and hepatic enzyme activities.

2. Only a mild biotin deficiency developed in 3-week-old chickens and no adverse metabolic effects were found for chickens reared to 7 or 15 weeks of age or maintained for 9 months in lay on these diets, which were suspected of producing fatty liver and kidney disease in young chickens. At 3 weeks of age the deficiency was more severe the heavier the strain of chicken and the greater the rate of body-weight gain.

3. The present results question the supposition that biotin deficiency is the sole factor responsible for the development of fatty liver and kidney syndrome in young chickens.

Type
Papers on General Nutrition
Copyright
Copyright © The Nutrition Society 1975

References

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