Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-wg55d Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-25T23:54:04.680Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Neural correlates of compound head position in language control: Evidence from simultaneous production and comprehension

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 January 2024

Shuang Liu
Affiliation:
Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Normal University, Liaoning Province, 116029 Dalian, China Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Province, 116029 Dalian, China Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Psychology Education, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, 100875 Beijing, China
Junjun Huang
Affiliation:
Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Normal University, Liaoning Province, 116029 Dalian, China Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Province, 116029 Dalian, China
Zehui Xing
Affiliation:
Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Normal University, Liaoning Province, 116029 Dalian, China Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Province, 116029 Dalian, China
John W. Schwieter
Affiliation:
Language Acquisition, Multilingualism, and Cognition Laboratory / Bilingualism Matters @ Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Canada Department of Linguistics and Languages, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
Huanhuan Liu*
Affiliation:
Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Normal University, Liaoning Province, 116029 Dalian, China Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Province, 116029 Dalian, China
*
Corresponding author: Huanhuan Liu; Email: abcde69503@126.com

Abstract

Compound words consist of two or more words which combine to form a single word or phrase that acts as one. In English, the head of compound words is usually, but not always, the right-most root (e.g., “paycheck” is a noun because the head, “check,” is a noun). The current study explores the effects of head position on language control by examining language switching performance through electroencephalography (EEG). Twenty-one pairs of Chinese (L1)–English (L2) bilinguals performed cued language switching in a simultaneous production and comprehension task. The results showed that bilinguals recognized the head position earlier both in production and comprehension. However, the language control of the head position during production occurred in the middle stage (N2), but in the late stage (LPC) during comprehension. These findings indicate that the head position in compound words exerts differential influences on language control.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Cambridge University Press

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abutalebi, J. (2008). Neural aspects of second language representation and language control. Acta Psychologica, 128(3), 466-478. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2008.03.014CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Abutalebi, J., & Green, D. (2007). Bilingual language production: The neurocognition of language representation and control. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 20(3), 242-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroling.2006.10.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aitchison, J. (2012). Words in the mind: An introduction to the mental lexicon. John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Amsel, B. D., & Cree, G. S. (2013). Semantic richness, concreteness, and object domain: an electrophysiological study. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale, 67(2), 117. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029807CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B., & Walker, S. (2014). lme4: Linear mixed-effects models using Eigen and S4 (R package version). Retrieved from http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=lme4Google Scholar
Bisetto, A., & Scalise, S. (2005). The classification of compounds. Lingue e Linguaggio, 4(2), 319-0. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199695720.013.0003Google Scholar
Blanco-Elorrieta, E., & Pylkkänen, L. (2016). Bilingual language control in perception versus action: MEG reveals comprehension control mechanisms in anterior cingulate cortex and domain-general control of production in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 36(2), 290-301. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2597-15.2016CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Blanco-Elorrieta, E., Emmorey, K., & Pylkkänen, L. (2018). Language switching decomposed through MEG and evidence from bimodal bilinguals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(39), 9708-9713. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1809779115CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Branzi, F. M., Martin, C. D., Abutalebi, J., & Costa, A. (2014). The after-effects of bilingual language production. Neuropsychologia, 52, 102-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2013.09.022CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brunner, C., Delorme, A., & Makeig, S. (2013). Eeglab–an open source matlab toolbox for electrophysiological research. Biomedical Engineering/Biomedizinische Technik, 58(SI-1-Track-G), 000010151520134182. https://doi.org/10.1515/bmt-2013-4182Google ScholarPubMed
Contreras-Saavedra, C. E., Willmes, K., Koch, I., Schuch, S., & Philipp, A. M. (2021). Interplay of morphological configuration and language switching in numerical processing and word processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0001006Google ScholarPubMed
Costa, A., Strijkers, K., Martin, C., & Thierry, G. (2009). The time course of word retrieval revealed by event-related brain potentials during overt speech. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(50), 21442-21446. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0908921106CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davis, T. M., & Jerger, J. (2014). The effect of middle age on the late positive component of the auditory event-related potential. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 25(02), 199-209. https://doi.org/10.3766/jaaa.25.2.8Google ScholarPubMed
Declerck, M., Koch, I., & Philipp, A. M. (2012). Digits vs. pictures: The influence of stimulus type on language switching. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 15(4), 896-904. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728912000193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Declerck, M., Grainger, J., Koch, I., & Philipp, A. M. (2017). Is language control just a form of executive control? Evidence for overlapping processes in language switching and task switching. Journal of Memory and Language, 95, 138-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2017.03.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Delorme, A., & Makeig, S. (2004). EEGLAB: An open-source toolbox for analysis of single-trial EEG dynamics. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 134, 9-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneumeth.2003.10.009CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fang, X., & Perfetti, C. A. (2017). Perturbation of old knowledge precedes integration of new knowledge. Neuropsychologia, 99, 270-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.03.015CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A. G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G* Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39(2), 175-191. https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03193146CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grainger, J., Midgley, K., & Holcomb, P. J. (2010). Re-thinking the bilingual interactive-activation model from a developmental perspective (BIA-d). Language Acquisition across Linguistic and Cognitive Systems, 52, 267-283. https://doi.org/10.1075/lald.52.18graCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Green, D. W. (1998). Mental control of the bilingual lexicon-semantic system. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 1, 67-81. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1366728998000133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Günther, F., & Marelli, M. (2021). CAOSS and transcendence: Modeling role-dependent constituent meanings in compounds. Morphology, 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11525-021-09386-6Google Scholar
Jackson, G. M., Swainson, R., Cunnington, R., & Jackson, S. R. (2001). ERP correlates of executive control during repeated language switching. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 4(2), 169-178. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728901000268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jarema, G., Perlak, D., & Semenza, C. (2010). The processing of compounds in bilingual aphasia: a multiple-case study. Aphasiology, 24(2), 126-140. https://doi.org/10.1080/02687030902958225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jiao, L., Grundy, J. G., Liu, C., & Chen, B. (2020). Language context modulates executive control in bilinguals: Evidence from language production. Neuropsychologia, 142, 107441. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2020.107441CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jiao, L., Gao, Y., Schwieter, J. W., Li, L., Zhu, M., & Liu, C. (2022). Control mechanisms in voluntary versus mandatory language switching: Evidence from ERPs. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 178, 43-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2022.06.005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Juhasz, B. (2018). Experience with compound words influences their processing: An eye movement investigation with English compound words. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(1), 103-112. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2016.1253756CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kounios, J., Green, D. L., Payne, L., Fleck, J. I., Grondin, R., & McRae, K. (2009). Semantic richness and the activation of concepts in semantic memory: Evidence from event-related potentials. Brain Research, 1282, 95-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2009.05.092CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kuznetsova, A., Brockhoff, P. B., & Christensen, R. H. (2017). lmerTest package: tests in linear mixed effects models. Journal of statistical software, 82, 1-26. https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v082.i13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leminen, A., Smolka, E., Dunabeitia, J., & Pliatsikas, C. (2019). Morphological processing in the brain: The good (inflection), the bad (derivation) and the ugly (compounding). Cortex, 116, 4-44. https://doi-org-ssl.8611.top/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.08.016CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Li, M., Jiang, N., & Gor, K. (2017). L1 and L2 processing of compound words: Evidence from masked priming experiments in English. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 20(2), 384-402. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728915000681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Libben, G., Gagné, C., & Dressler, W. (2020). The representation and processing of compounds words. Word Knowledge and Word Usage, 336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lieber, R., & Baayen, H. (1993). Verbal prefixes in Dutch: a study in lexical conceptual structure. In Yearbook of Morphology 1993 (pp. 51-78). Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-3712-8_3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Linck, J. A., Schwieter, J. W., & Sunderman, G. (2012). Inhibitory control predicts language switching performance in trilingual speech production. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 15(3), 651-662. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136672891100054XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, H., Liang, L., Dunlap, S., Fan, N., & Chen, B. (2016). The effect of domain-general inhibition-related training on language switching: An ERP study. Cognition, 146, 264-276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2015.10.004CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Liu, H., Xie, N., Zhang, M., Gao, X., Dunlap, S., & Chen, B. (2018). The electrophysiological mechanism of joint language switching: evidence from simultaneous production and comprehension. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 45, 45-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroling.2017.09.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, H., Zhang, M., Pérez, A., Xie, N., Li, B., & Liu, Q. (2019). Role of language control during interbrain phase synchronization of cross-language communication. Neuropsychologia, 131, 316-324. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.05.014CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Liu, L., Schwieter, J. W., Wang, F., & Liu, H. (2022). First and second languages differentially affect rationality when making decisions: An ERP study. Biological Psychology, 169, 108265. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2022.108265CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Makeig, S., Bell, A., Jung, T. P., & Sejnowski, T. J. (1995). Independent component analysis of electroencephalographic data. Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 8.Google Scholar
Miozzo, M., Pulvermüller, F., & Hauk, O. (2015). Early parallel activation of semantics and phonology in picture naming: Evidence from a multiple linear regression MEG study. Cerebral Cortex, 25(10), 33433355. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhu137CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Misra, M., Guo, T., Bobb, S. C., & Kroll, J. F. (2012). When bilinguals choose a single word to speak: Electrophysiological evidence for inhibition of the native language. Journal of Memory and Language, 67(1), 224-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2012.05.001CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Osgood, C. E., & Hoosain, R. (1974). Salience of the word as a unit in the perception of language. Perception & Psychophysics, 15(1), 168-192.10.3758/BF03205845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pinker, S. (2015). Words and rules: The ingredients of language. Basic Books.Google Scholar
Pinker, S., & Ullman, M. T. (2002). The past and future of the past tense. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6(11), 456-463. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1364-6613(02)01990-3CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pollatsek, A., Bertram, R., & Hyönä, J. (2011). Processing novel and lexicalised Finnish compound words. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23(7), 795-810. https://doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.570257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rohaut, B., Faugeras, F., Chausson, N., King, J. R., El Karoui, I., Cohen, L., & Naccache, L. (2015). Probing ERP correlates of verbal semantic processing in patients with impaired consciousness. Neuropsychologia, 66, 279-292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.10.014CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sandra, D. (1990). On the representation and processing of compound words: Automatic access to constituent morphemes does not occur. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 42(3), 529-567. https://doi.org/10.1080/14640749008401236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sandra, D. (2020). Morphological units: A theoretical and psycholinguistic perspective. In Lieber, M. (Ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199384655.013.541Google Scholar
Schwieter, J. W., & Sunderman, G. (2008). Language switching in bilingual speech production: In search of the language-specific selection mechanism. The Mental Lexicon, 3(2), 214-238.10.1075/ml.3.2.06schCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Semenza, C., Arcara, G., Facchini, S., Meneghello, F., Ferraro, M., Passarini, L., Pilosio, C., Vigato, G., & Mondini, S. (2011). Reading compounds in neglect dyslexia: the headedness effect. Neuropsychologia, 49(11), 31163120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.07.020CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Silva, R., & Clahsen, H. (2008). Morphologically complex words in L1 and L2 processing: Evidence from masked priming experiments in English. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 11(2), 245-260. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728908003404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Strijkers, K., Costa, A., & Thierry, G. (2010). Tracking lexical access in speech production: Electrophysiological correlates of word frequency and cognate effects. Cerebral Cortex, 20(4), 912928. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhp153CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Strijkers, K., Holcomb, P. J., & Costa, A. (2011). Conscious intention to speak proactively facilitates lexical access during overt object naming. Journal of Memory and Language, 65(4), 345-362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2011.06.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Strijkers, K., Costa, A., & Pulvermüller, F. (2017). The cortical dynamics of speaking: Lexical and phonological knowledge simultaneously recruit the frontal and temporal cortex within 200 ms. NeuroImage, 163, 206219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.09.041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Symonds, M., & Moussalli, A. (2011). A brief guide to model selection, multimodel inference and model averaging in behavioural ecology using Akaike's information criterion. Behavioral ecology and sociobiology, 65, 13-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00265-010-1037-6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Syndicate, U. C. L. E. (2001). Quick placement test.Google Scholar
Taft, M., & Forster, K. I. (1975). Lexical storage and retrieval of prefixed words. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 14(6), 638-647. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5371(75)80051-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taft, M., & Forster, K. I. (1976). Lexical storage and retrieval of polymorphemic and polysyllabic words. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 15(6), 607-620. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5371(76)90054-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tremblay, A., & Newman, A. (2015). Modeling nonlinear relationships in ERP data using mixed: Effects regression with R examples. Psychophysiology, 52(1), 124-139. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Uygun, S., & Gürel, A. (2017). Compound processing in second language acquisition of English. Journal of the European Second Language Association, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.22599/jesla.21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Verhoef, K. M., Roelofs, A., & Chwilla, D. J. (2010). Electrophysiological evidence for endogenous control of attention in switching between languages in overt picture naming. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(8), 1832-1843. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn.2009.21291CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Williams, E. (1981). On the notions” Lexically related” and” Head of a word”. Linguistic inquiry, 12(2), 245274. https://www.jstor.org/stable/4178218Google Scholar
Zheng, X., Roelofs, A., Erkan, H., & Lemhöfer, K. (2020). Dynamics of inhibitory control during bilingual speech production: An electrophysiological study. Neuropsychologia, 140, 107387. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2020.107387CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zhou, X., & Marslen-Wilson, W. (1995). Morphological structure in the Chinese mental lexicon. Language and Cognitive Processes, 10(6), 545-600. https://doi.org/10.1080/01690969508407114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zyzik, E., & Azevedo, C. (2009). Word class distinctions in second language acquisition: An experimental study of L2 Spanish. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 31(1), 1-29. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263109090019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: File

Liu et al. supplementary material
Download undefined(File)
File 624.3 KB