Hostname: page-component-6b989bf9dc-wj8jn Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-13T07:49:20.732Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Toward a neurological theory of eidetic imagery

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 May 2011

Bruce Bridgeman
Psychology Board of Studies, University of California, Santa Cruz, Calif. 95064


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Open Peer Commentary
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1979

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



Ahsen, A. (1959) Hemispheric experiments on eidetic images of parents. Paper presented at the Pakistan Science Conference. [AA]Google Scholar
Ahsen, A. (1962) Eidetic images: a study of imagery steps for the evocation of mental structures. Paper presented at the Psychological Society, Rawalpindi. [AA]Google Scholar
Allport, G. W. (1924) Eidetic imagery. British Journal of Psychology. 15: 99120. [AA, RNH, DHH, IL, DM, CR]Google Scholar
Allport, G. W. (1928) The eidetic image and the afterimage. American Journal of Psychology. 41: 418–25. [RNH, CR]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bonté, T. H. (1933) Über die Suggestibilität von Eidetikern und Nichteidetikern (The suggestibility of eidetikers and noneidetikers). Zeitschrift für angewandte Psychologic 44: 161–92. [RNH]Google Scholar
Freiling, H. (1923) Über die raumlichen Wahrnehmungen der Jugendlichen in der eidetischen Entwicklungsphase (The spatial perception of the young in eidetic development). Zeitschrift für Sinnesphysiologie. 55: 69132. [RNH]Google Scholar
Gengerelli, J. A. (1930) Some quantitative experiments with eidetic imagery. American Journal of Psychology. 42: 399404. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jaensch, E. R. (1922a) Über die subjektiven Anschauungsbilder (On subjective imagery). Bericht über den Kongress für experimentelle Psychologie. 7: 3. [RNH]Google Scholar
Jaensch, E. R. (1922b) Die Volkerkunde und der eidetische Tatsachenkries (Anthropology and eidetic phenomena). Zeitschrift für Psychologie. 91: 88111. [RNH]Google Scholar
Jaensch, E. R. (1930) Eidetic imagery and typological methods of investigation. Translated by Oeser, O.. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner; New York: Harcourt Brace. [AA, RNH]Google Scholar
Jaensch, E. R., and Jaensch, W. (1921) Über die Verbreitung der eidetischen Anlage im Jugendalter (On the incidence of eidetic ability during the years of youth). Zeitschrift für Psychologie. 87: 91. [RNH]Google Scholar
Johannesson, B. (1939) Eidetische Untersuchungen in Island (Eidetic studies in Iceland). Zeitschrift für Psychologic 146: 161–81. [RNH]Google Scholar
Karger, P. (1925) Die eidetische Anlage der Jugendlichen in ihre Bedeutung für die Klinik und die Schulleistungen (The eidetic ability of youth and its importance for the performance in clinic and school). Klinische Wochenschrift. 4: 2247. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Katz, G. G. (1956) An investigation of eidetic imagery in conditions of hypocalcemia, with and without latent tetany. Doctoral dissertation, New York University. [RNH]Google Scholar
Klüver, H. (1925) Description of eidetic phenomena. Psychological Bulletin. 22: 331. [RNH, CR]Google Scholar
Klüver, H. (1926) An experimental study of the eidetic type. Genetic Psychology Monographs. 1: 71230. [RNH, IL]Google Scholar
Klüver, H. (1928) Studies on the eidetic type and on eidetic imagery. Psychological Bulletin. 25: 69104. [RNH, IL]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klüver, H. (1930) Fragmentary eidetic imagery. Psychological Review. 37: 441–58. [AA, RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klüver, H. (1931) The eidetic child, In A handbook of child psychology, ed. Murchison, C.. Worcester, Mass.: Clark University Press. [RNH, CR]Google Scholar
Klüver, H. (1932) Eidetic phenomena. Psychological Bulletin. 29: 181203. [RNH, IL, DM]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krellenberg, P. (1922) Über die Herausdifferenzierung der Wahrnehmungs und Vorstellungswelt aus der originaren eidetischen Einheit (The development of perception and imagination from a primary eidetic state). Zeitschrift für Psychologic 88: 56119. [RNH]Google Scholar
Kroh, O. (1922) Subjektive Anschauungsbilder bei Jugendlichen. Göttingen. [AA, RNH]Google Scholar
Kroh, O. (1924) Die eidetische Anlage bei Jugendlichen (The eidetic ability of young people). Zeitschrift für Kinderforschung mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der pädagogischen Pathologie. 29: 63. [RNH]Google Scholar
Kroh, O. (1952) Die Eidetik in neuer Beleuchtung (Eidetics in a new light). Psychologische Rundschau. 1: 257–65. [RNH]Google Scholar
Leven, D. (1926) Die eidetische Anlage der Jugendlichen (Eidetic ability in young people). Klinische Wochenschrift. 5: 271. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liefman, E. (1928) Untersuchungen über die eidetische Veranlagung von Schulerinnen einer hoheren Mädchenschule. Anhang: Einzelne Untersuchunger an Erwachsenen (Research on eidetic abilities in a girls' high school. Appendix: Individual research on adults). Zeitschrift für angewandte Psychologic. (Beihefte) 43: 111–96. [RNH]Google Scholar
Meenes, M. (1933) Eidetic phenomena in Negro school children. Psychological Bulletin. 30: 688–89. [RNH]Google Scholar
Meenes, M. (1934) The relationship of the eidetic phenomenon to the after-image and to the memory-image. Psychological Bulletin. 31: 739. [RNH]Google Scholar
Meenes, M., and Morton, M. A. (1936) Characteristics of the eidetic phenomenon. Journal of General Psychology. 14: 370–91. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morsch, J. E. (1942) Further investigation of “eidetic imagery.” Psychological Bulletin. 39: 611–12. [RNH]Google Scholar
Morsh, J. E., and Abbott, H. D. (1945) An investigation of after-images. Journal of Comparative Psychology. 38: 4763. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nickols, J. (1962) Eidetic imagery synthesis. American Journal of Psychotherapy. 16: 7682. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Peck, L., and Hodges, A. B. (1937) A study of racial differences in eidetic imagery of preschool children. Journal of Genetic Psychology. 51: 141–61. [RNH]Google Scholar
Peck, L., and Walling, R. (1935) A preliminary study of the eidetic imagery of preschool children. Journal of Genetic Psychology. 47: 168–92. [RNH]Google Scholar
Purdy, D. M. (1936) Eidetic imagery and plasticity of perception. Journal of General Psychology. 15: 437–54. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Quercy, P. (1925) Les eidetiques (The eidetikers). Journal de Psychologic. 22: 801–11. [RNH]Google Scholar
Quercy, P. (1926) Recherches sur l'eidetisme (Research in eideticism). Journal de Psychologic 23: 702–22. [RNH]Google Scholar
Smith, G. (1949) Psychological studies in twin differences: with reference to afterimage and eidetic phenomena as well as more general personality characteristics. Lund: C. W. K. Gleercup. [RNH]Google Scholar
Teasdale, H. (1934) A quantitative study of eidetic imagery. British Journal of Educational Psychology. 4: 5674. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Traxel, W. (1962) Kritische Untersuchungen zur Eidetik. Archiv für die Gesamte Psychologie. 114: 260336. [RNH]Google Scholar
Tripp, E. (1926) Observations sur l'image eidetique (Observations on the eidetic image). Archives de Psychologie. 20: 5372. [RNH]Google Scholar
Urbantschitsch, V. (1907) Über subjektive optische Anschauungsbilder (On subjective visual images). Leipzig and Vienna: Deuticke. [RNH]Google Scholar
Wachtel, J. (1934) Studjum eidetyzmu wsrod dorostych (Studies of eideticism in adults). Kwartalnik Psychologiczny. 5: 394401. [RNH]Google Scholar
Zaworski, T. (1947) Akustyczne wyobrazenia eidetyczne (Acoustical eidetic imagery). Kwartalnik Psychologiczny. 13: 156203. [RNH]Google Scholar
Zimmerman, M. (1931) Eidetik und Schulunterricht (Eidetic imagery and school instruction). Langensalza: Hermann Beyer & Sohne. [RNH]Google Scholar
Ahsen, A. (1964) Eidetic images of parents, their relationship with symptoms and character formation. Paper presented at the Psychological Society, Rawalpindi. [AA]Google Scholar
Anonymous. (1971) Do you have a photographic mind? Current Science 56: 6. [JOM]Google Scholar
Cohen, M. W. (1975) Eidetic imagery and oral comprehensiorh Master's thesis, University of Western Ontario. [RNH]Google Scholar
Cohen, M. W. (1976) Eidetic imagery vs. language skills. Journal of Social Psychology. 99: 143–44. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davy, J. (1971) The Observer. (London) Supplement, 21 March. [JOM]Google Scholar
Didlo, J. H. (1970) Opérant conditioning procedures applied to eidetic imagery: a preliminary investigation. Doctoral dissertation, Colorado State College. [RNH]Google Scholar
Dirks, J. (1978) Spatial memory of two eidetic subjects. Paper presented to the American Psychological Association, Toronto. [UN]Google Scholar
Ford, B. (1972) You may have a photographic memory. Science Digest, pp. 5671. [JOM]Google Scholar
Freides, D., and Hayden, S. P. (1966) Monocular testing: a methodological note on eidetic imagery. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 23: 88. [RNH, EMS]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Furst, C. J., and Fuld, K. (1975) Verbal and spatial abilities of eidetikers. Unpublished paper. [CJF]Google Scholar
Furst, C. J.; Fuld, K.; and Pancoe, M. (1974) Recall accuracy of eidetikers. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 102: 1133–35. [AA, CJF, RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Furst, C. J.; Gardner, J.; and Kamiya, J. (1974) Posterior alpha-wave characteristics of eidetic children. Psychophysiology. 11: 603–6. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Giray, E. F.; Altkin, W. M.; Roodin, P. A.; Yoon, G.; and Flagg, P. (1978) The incidence of eidetic imagery in adulthood and old age. Paper presented at American Psychological Association meeting, Toronto. [RNH, PAR, PWS]Google Scholar
Giray, E. F.; Altkin, W. M.; Vaught, G. M.; and Roodin, P. A. (1976) The incidence of eidetic imagery as a function of age. Child Development. 47: 1,207–10. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gummerman, K.; Gray, C. R.; and Wilson, J. M. (1972) An attempt to assess eidetic imagery objectively. Psychonomic Science. 28: 115–18. [CJF, RNH, DHH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haber, R. N. (1969) Eidetic images. Scientific American. 220(4):3644. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Haber, R. N., and Haber, R. B. (1964) Eidetic imagery: I. Frequency. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 19: 131–38. [CJF, RNH, BJ, IL, POR]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hatakeyama, T. (1974) The process of having identified an adult eidetic person and her eidetic experiences in daily life. Tohoku Psychologica Folia. 33: 102–18 [RNH, DM]Google Scholar
Hatakeyama, T. (1975) The constructive character of eidetic imagery. Tohoku Psychologica Folia. 34: 3851. [RNH, DM]Google Scholar
Heinerth, K., and Nickel, H. (1975) Reproduktionsleistungen von 10–14 jährigen Schülern und Studenten nach kurzzeitiger Darbietung einer Bildvorlage: Anschauliche Vorstellungen oder subjektive Anschauungsbilder? (Reproductions of 10–14 year olds and university students after a short-term presentation of a picture: memory or eidetic images). Psychologie in Erziehung und Unterricht. 22: 148–60. [RNH, KH]Google Scholar
Lamb, H. L. (1974) Eye movement in eidetic imagery. Dissertation Abstracts International. 35: 548. [RNH]Google Scholar
Leask, J., Haber, R. N., and Haber, R. B. (1969) Eidetic imagery in children: II. Longitudinal and experimental results. Psychonomic Monograph Supplements. 3: 2548. [AA, KAE, RNH, JJ, BJ, PWS]Google Scholar
Leuner, H. (1970) Katathymes Bilderleben. Stuttgart. Georg Thieme Verlag. [KH]Google Scholar
Lin, C-S. (1972) An experimental study of visual eidetic imagery of Chinese school children. Dissertation Abstracts International. 33: 1,025. [RNH]Google Scholar
McBroom, P. (1970) Is your memory photographic? Philadelphia Inquirer. November 8, Sec. 2, p. 1. [JOM]Google Scholar
Mcllwain, D. J. (1978) Eidetic abilities: a study of spontaneous and post-picture imagery. Honors thesis, University of Otago. [DM]Google Scholar
McMains, M. J. (1975) The recall of geometric and random figures by children with eidetic memory under conditions of interpolated interference. Dissertation Abstracts International. 35: 3,620. [RNH]Google Scholar
Merritt, J. (1973) Do you have a photographic memory? Informative Articles. pp. 16. [JOM]Google Scholar
Nickel, H.; Heinerth, K.; and Bittman, F. (1975) Gibt es wirklich Eidetiker? (Eidetic ability: fact or artifact?) Untersuchungen mit stereoskopischen Vorlagen an Schulkindern und Studierenden. Psychologie in Erziehung und Unterricht. 22: 259–73. [RNH, KH]Google Scholar
Onizawa, T., and Seki, Y. (1974) Personality characteristics of the change type and non-change type of eidetic images. Tohoku Psychologia Folia. 33: 8892. [RNH]Google Scholar
Onizawa, T., and Seki, Y. (1975) Recall of eidetic children. Tohoku Psychologica Folia. 34: 3337. [RNH]Google Scholar
Paivio, A., and Cohen, M. W. (1977) Eidetic imagery and figurai abilities in children. Paper presented at a symposium on current directions in imagery, eidetic and otherwise, at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco. [JB, RNH, DHH]Google Scholar
Pierro, P. S. (1966) An investigation of visual form perception and eidetic imagery in students who read well and spell poorly. Doctoral dissertation, Northern Illinois University. [RNH]Google Scholar
Pollen, D. A., and Trachtenberg, M. C. (1972) Alpha rhythm and eye movements in eidetic imagery. Nature. 237: 109–12. [AA, RNH, BJ, AR]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stromeyer, C. F. III (1970) Eidetikers. Psychology Today. 4: 7680. [RNH, JOM]Google Scholar
Stromeyer, C. F. III, and Psotka, J. (1970) The detailed texture of eidetic images. Nature. 225: 347–49. [BB, DCD, RNH, KH, DHH, BJ, IL, JOM, BW]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wallace, B. (1978) Restoration of eidetic imagery via hypnotic age regression: more evidence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 87: 673–75. [BW]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zelhart, P., and Johnson, R. C. (1959) An investigation of eidetic imagery. Paper presented at Western Psychological Association meeting, San Jose, California. Cited in Fundamentals of child development, ed. Munsinger, H.. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1971. [RNH]Google Scholar
Antipoff, H. (1926) Un cas d'image eidetique spontanée (A case of spontaneous eidetic imagery). Archives de Psychologic 20: 73. [RNH]Google Scholar
Bousfield, W. A., and Barry, H., Jr. (1933) The visual imagery of a lightning calculator. American Journal of Psychology. 45: 353–58. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Helson, H. (1933) A child's spontaneous reports of imagery. American Journal of Psychology. 360–61. [AR]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hunter, I. M. L. (1962) An exceptional talent for calculative thinking. British Journal of Psychology. 53: 243–58. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jaensch, E. R., and Mehmel, H. (1928) Gedächtnisleistungen eines schwachsinnigen Eidetikers (Memory performance of a feeble-minded eidetic man). Psychiatrisch-neurologische Wochenschrift. 30: 101–3. [RNH]Google Scholar
Jelliffe, S. E. (1928) On eidetic psychology and psychiatric problems. Medical Journal and Record. 128: 8083. [RNH]Google Scholar
Kao, C. C., and Lyman, R. S. (1944) The role of eidetic imagery in a psychosis. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 100: 355–65. [AA, RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luria, A. R. (1968) The mind of a mnemonist. Translated by L. Solotaroff. New York: Basic Books. [RNH, JJ]Google Scholar
Miller, E. (1931a) The eidetic image – an undertone of psychosis, introduction to a future inquiry. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine. 24: 1,223–30. [AA, RNH]Google ScholarPubMed
Miller, E. (1931b) Eidetic imagery. Journal of Neurology and Psychopathology. 12: 113. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Miskolczy, D., and Schultz, G. (1929) Eidetik und Schizophrenie (Eideticism and schizophrenia). Monatsschrift für Psychiatrie und Neurologic 72: 354. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mota, A. (1950) Eidetismo e alucinacoes; correlacoes dinamicas (Eideticism and hallucinations; dynamic correlations). Anais Porugueses de Psiquiatria. 2: 359–75. [RNH]Google Scholar
Neymeyer, H. (1956) Über pathologische Eidetismen (On pathologie eidetic images). Psychiatrie, Neurologie und medizinische Psychologie. (Leipzig) 8: 234–57. [RNH]Google Scholar
Rauth, J. E., and Sinnott, J. J. (1937) A new eidetic phenomenon. Child Development. 8: 112–13. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Saltzman, S. S., and Machover, S. (1952) An inquiry into eidetic imagery with particular reference to visual hallucinations. American Journal of Psychiatry. 108: 740–48. [AA, RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schilder, P. (1926) Psychoanalyse und Eidetik (Psychoanalysis and eidetics). Zeitschrift für Sexualwissenschaft. 13: 56. [AA, RNH]Google Scholar
Stratton, G. M. (1917) The mnemonic feat of the “Shass Pollak.Psychological Review. 24: 244–47. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weiskrantz, L. (1950) An unusual case of after-imagery following fixation of an “imaginary” visual pattern. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 2: 170–75. [IMLH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wertham, F. (1930) Eidetic phenomena and psychopathology. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry. 24: 809–21. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ziolko, H. U. (1953) Zur Bedeutung spontan-eidetischer Erscheinungen in der Psychiatrie (Concerning the significance of spontaneous eidetic imagery in psychiatry). Zeitschrift für Psychotherapie und medizinische Psychologie. 3: 171–78. [RNH]Google Scholar
Ahsen, A. (1965) Eidetic psychotherapy: a short introduction. New York: Brandon House. [AA]Google Scholar
Ahsen, A. (1968) Basic concepts in eidetic psychotherapy. New York: Brandon House. [AA]Google Scholar
Ahsen, A. (1977) Eidetics: an overview. Journal of Mental Imagery. 1: 538. [AA, RNH, DM]Google Scholar
Ahsen, A. (1977a) Psycheye. New York: Brandon House. [AA]Google Scholar
Coltheart, M., and Click, M. J. (1974) Visual imagery: a case study. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 26: 438–53. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dolan, A. T., and Sheikh, A. A. (1977) Short-term treatment of phobia through eidetic imagery. American Journal of Psychotherapy. 31: 595604. [AA, RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gengerelli, J. A. (1976) Eidetic imagery in two subjects after 46 years. Journal of General Psychology. 95: 219–25. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gummerman, K., and Gray, C. R. (1972) Recall of visually presented material: an unwonted case and a bibliography for eidetic imagery. Psychonomic Monograph Supplements. 4: 189–95. [RNH]Google Scholar
Hill, A. L. (1975) An investigation of calendar calculating by an idiot savant. American Journal of Psychiatry. 132: 557–60. [RNH]Google ScholarPubMed
Schale, F. C. (1972) Exploring the potential of the monocularly blind for faster reading. Academic Therapy. 7: 401–10. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sheehan, P. W. (1968) Color responses on the TAT: an instance of eidetic imagery? Journal of Psychology 68: 203–9. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sheikh, A. A. (1976) Treatment of insomnia through eidetic imagery: a new technique. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 43: 994. [AA, RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Siegel, M. H. (1977) Visual and auditory imagery: a case study. Paper presented at American Psychological Association meeting, San Francisco. [RNH]Google Scholar
Walker, N. S.; Garrett, J. B.; and Wallace, B. (1976) The restoration of eidetic imagery via hypnotic age regression: a preliminary report. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 85: 335–37. [AA, RNH, BJ, BW]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barber, T. X. (1959a) The after-images of “hallucinated” and “imagined” colors. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 59: 136–39. [AA, TXB, RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barber, T. X. (1959b) The “eidetic image” and “hallucinatory” behavior: a suggestion for further research. Psychological Bulletin. 56: 236–39. [TXB, RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bonte, T. H. (1934) Die eidetische Anlage und ihre Bedeutung für Erziehung und Unterricht. (Eidetic ability and its importance for education). Leipzig: Barth. [RNH]Google Scholar
Carmichael, L. (1925) Eidetic imagery and the Binet test. Journal of Educational Psychology. 16: 251–52. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cramaussel, E. (1926) images eidetiques (Eidetic images). Journal de Psychologic 23: 1,003–10. [RNH]Google Scholar
Dimitrow, M. (1931) Psychologie des images eidetiques spontanées (The psychology of spontaneous eidetic images). Annuaire de l'Université de Sofia, Faculté Historico-Philologique. 27: 150. [RNH]Google Scholar
Duker, H. (1965) Hat Jaenschs Lehre von der Eidetik heute noch Bedeutung? (Is Jaensch's concept of eidetic phenomena still of significance?) Psychologische Beiträge. 8: 237–53. [RNH]Google Scholar
Feiman, G. (1935) Eideticism and school age. Moscow: Biomedgiz. [RNH]Google Scholar
Gressot, M. (1950) Essai sur l'image eidetique et le problème de la vision (Essay on the eidetic image and the problem of vision). Schweizer Archiv für Neurologie und Psychiatrie. 66: 86122. [RNH]Google Scholar
Hansen, W. (1929) Über den gegenwartigen Stand der eidetischen Forschung (The present status of eidetic research). Vierteljahrsschrift für wissenschaftliche Pädogogik. 5: 347–83. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heller, T. (1930) Eidetik und Psychologie der Aussage (Eidetics and the psychology of testimony). Zeitschrift für angewandte Psychologie. 35: 210–12. [RNH]Google Scholar
Henning, H. (1923) Starre eidetische Klang-und Schmerzbilder and die eidetische Konstellation (Rigid eidetic sound and pain images and the eidetic constellation). Zeitschrift für Psychologic 92: 137–76. [RNH]Google Scholar
Henning, H. (1924) Die neuentdeckte Erlebnisklasse der Eidetik, die Urbilder und der Konstitutions-typus (The newly discovered phenomenon of eidetic imagery, archetypes, and body type). Deutsche Zeitschrift für Nervenheilkundc 81: 180. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herbertz, R. (1930) Was ist “Eidetik”? (What is eideticism?) Psychologische Rundschau. 1: 35358. [RNH]Google Scholar
Hofe, K. vom. (1926a) Beitrag zur Frage der eidetischen Anlage (Contributions to the questions of eidetic ability). Archiv für Ophthalmologie. 117: 40. [RNH]Google Scholar
Hofe, K. vom. (1926b) Über eidetische Anlage beim Erwachsenen (About eidetic ability in adults). Medizinische Klinik. 22: 1361. [RNH]Google Scholar
Hofmarksrichter, K. (1931) Visuelle Kompensation und Eidetik bei Taubstummen (Visual compensation and eidetic imagery in deaf mutes). Archiv für die gesamte Psychologie. 82: 329402. [RNH]Google Scholar
Husen, T. (1946) Studier rorande de eidetiska fenomenen (Studies concerning eidetic phenomena). Stockholm: H a Kan Ohlssons Boktryckeri. [RNH]Google Scholar
Husen, T. (1952) Studier rorande de eidetiska bildernas fenomenologi, II (Studies concerning the phenomenology of eidetic imagery, II). Lunds Universitets Arskrift. 48: 185. [RNH]Google Scholar
Jaensch, E. R. (1921) Ueber psychophysische Konstitutionstypen. Monatsschrift für Kinderheilkunde. 2: 22. [RNH]Google Scholar
Kiesow, F. (1925) Zur kritik der Eidetik (Criticism of eidetics). Archiv für die gesamte Psychologie. 53: 447–84. [RNH]Google Scholar
Kirek, H. (1926) Die Bedeutung der sensoriellen Veranlagung für die Bildung von ObjektVorstellungen insbesondere bei Eidetikern (The significance of a person's sensory type for his ability to imagine objects, with special consideration of this ability in eideticism). Zeitschrift für die Behandlung Schwachsinniger und Epileptischer. 46: 121–23. [RNH]Google Scholar
Klüver, H. (1926) Mescal visions and eidetic vision. American Journal of Psychology. 37: 502–15. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klüver, H. (1928) Mescal: the divine plant and its psychological effects. London: Kegan Paul. [RNH]Google Scholar
Klüver, H. (1932) Eidetic phenomena. Psychological Bulletin. 29: 181203. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luther, F. (1931) Die problème der Eidetik Erich Jaenschs und seiner Schule (The problem of eidetics for Erich jaensch and his school). Zeitschrift für Menschenkunde. 6: 401–19. [RNH]Google Scholar
Mata de Gregorio, J., and Poleo, M. A. (1958) El fenomeno eidetico (Eidetic phenomena). Cuadernos Psicologia (Caracas). 1: 811. [RNH]Google Scholar
O'Neill, H. E., and Rauth, J. E. (1934) Eidetic imagery. Catholic University of America Educational Research. 8: 22. [RNH]Google Scholar
Shipley, T. (1958) The horopter in eidetic subjects. Psychological Bulletin. 55: 171–75. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wilhelm, F. (1927) Die Bedeutung der eidetischen Forschung für Erziehung und Unterricht (The importance of eidetic investigation for instruction and education). Leipzig: J. Klinkhardt. [RNH]Google Scholar
Ahsen, A. (1972) Eidetic parents test and analysis: a practical guide to systematic and comprehensive analysis. New York: Brandon House. [RNH]Google Scholar
Ahsen, A. (1973) Basic concepts in eidetic psychotherapy. New York: Brandon House. [RNH]Google Scholar
Ahsen, A., and Lazarus, A. A. (1972) Eidetics: an internal behavior approach. In Clinical behavior therapy, ed. Lazarus, A. A.. New York: Brunner/ Mazel. [AA]Google Scholar
Blakemore, C.; Braddick, O.; and Gregory, R. L. (1970) Detailed texture of eidetic images: a discussion. Nature. 226: 1,26768. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Blanc-Garin, J. (1974) Recent research in mental images: their role in the procedures of perceptive and cognitive processes. Année Psychologique. 74: 533–63. [JB, RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dolan, A. T. (1977) Eidetic and general image theory of primary image objects and identification processes. Journal of Mental Images. 1: 217–27. [AA, RNH]Google Scholar
Dolan, A. T., and Sheikh, A. A. (1976) Eidetics: a visual approach to psychotherapy. Psychologia. 19: 200–9. [RNH]Google Scholar
Giray, E. F.; Altkin, W. M.; Roodin, P. A.; and Vaught, G. M. (1977) The enigmatic eidetic image: a reply to Gray and Gummerman. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 44: 191–94. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gray, C. R., and Gummerman, K. (1975) The enigmatic eidetic image: a critical examination of methods, data and theories. Psychological Bulletin. 82: 383407. [TXB, KAE, RNH, IL, CR, PAR, PWS]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hebb, D. O. (1968) Concerning imagery. Psychological Review. 75: 466–77. [RNH, PWS]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Panagiotou, N., and Sheikh, A. A. (1974) Eidetic psychotherapy: introduction and evaluation. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 20: 231–41. [AA, RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Richardson, A. (1969) Mental imagery. New York: Spring. [RNH, DM]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sheikh, A. A. (1978) Eidetic psychotherapy. In The power of human imagination, ed. Singer, J. L. and Pope, K.. New York: Plenum Press. [AA]Google Scholar
Standing, L.; Bond, B.; Hall, J.; and Weiler, J. (1972) A bibliography of picture-memory studies. Psychonomic Science. 29: 406–16. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, J. G. (1973) A behavioral theory of images. South African Journal of Psychology. 3: 110. [RNH]Google Scholar
Tharp, V. K. (1972) Mnemonic techniques, visual imagery and brain function. Biological Psychology Bulletin. 1: 1020. [RNH]Google Scholar
Twente, G. E.; Turner, D.; and Haney, J. (1978) Eidetics in the hospital setting and private practice: a report on eidetic therapy procedures employed with 69 patients. Journal of Mental Imagery. 2: 275–90. [AA]Google Scholar
Ayman, T. (1973) Cross-cultural and predictive aspects of eidetic imagery: a comparative investigation. Dissertation Abstracts International. 33: 6,168. [RNH]Google Scholar
Doob, L. W. (1964) Eidetic images among the Ibo. Ethnology. 3: 357–63. [CJF, RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Doob, L. W. (1965) Exploring eidetic imagery among the Kamba of central Kenya. Journal of Social Psychology. 67: 322. [CJF, RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Doob, L. W. (1966) Eidetic imagery: a cross-cultural will-o'-the-wisp? Journal of Psychology 63: 1334. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Doob, L. W. (1970) Correlates of eidetic imagery in Africa. Journal of Psychology. 76: 223–30. [RNH, JJ]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Feldrnan, M. (1968) Eidetic imagery in Ghana: a cross-cultural will-o'-the-wisp? Journal of Psychology 69: 259–69. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kearins, J. (1976) Skills of desert Aboriginal children. In Aboriginal cognition, ed. Kearney, G. E. and McElwain, D. W.. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. [IMLH]Google Scholar
Kearins, J. (1978) The visual spatial memory of desert Aboriginal children. University News (University of Western Australia) 9(2):810. [IMLH]Google Scholar
Levak, M. D. (1969) Eidetic images among the Bororo of Brazil. Journal of Social Psychology. 79: 135–37. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sheehan, P. W. (1973) The variability of eidetic imagery among Australian aboriginal children. Journal of Social Psychology. 91: 2936. [RNH, PWS]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sheehan, P. W., and Stewart, S. J. (1972) A cross cultural study of eidetic imagery among Australian aboriginal children. Journal of Social Psychology. 87: 179–88. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ahsen, A. (1978) Eidetics: neural experiential growth potential for the treatment of accident traumas, debilitating stress conditions, and chronic emotional blocking. Journal of Mental Imagery. 2: 122. [AA]Google Scholar
Bender, M. B.; Feldrnan, M.; and Sobin, A. J. (1968) Palinopsia. Brain. 91: 321–38. [AR]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Critchley, M. (1951) Types of visual perseveration: “palinopsia” and “illusory visual spread.” Brain. 74: 267–99. [PAR]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Essler, K. R., and Rowe, C. J. (1946) A note on eidetic imagery in a case of obsessive neurosis. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2: 286–88. [AA, RNH]3.0.CO;2-#>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flournoy, H. (1926) Eidetisme chez une debile (The eideticism of a mental retardate). Archives de Psychologie. 20: 7374. [RNH]Google Scholar
Floyd, L. G. (1956) Eidetic imagery in normal and psychotic cases: a study in the incidence and characteristics of eidetic imagery in normal and psychotic cases, and a comparative analysis of the groups. Doctoral dissertation, New York University. [AA, RNH]Google Scholar
Furst, C. J.; Gardner, J.; and Kamiya, J. (1974) Posterior alpha-wave characteristics of eidetic children. Psychophysiology. 11: 603–6. [AR]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Giray, E. F.; Altkin, W. M.; and Barclay, A. G. (1976) Frequency of eidetic imagery among hydrocéphalie children. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 43: 187–94. [AA, RNH, EMS]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giray, E. F., and Barclay, A. G. (1977) Eidetic imagery: longitudinal results in brain-damaged children. American Journal of Mental Deficiency. 82: 311–14. [AA]Google ScholarPubMed
Lesseil, S. (1975) Higher disorders of visual function: positive phenomena. In Neuro-ophthalmology, vol. 8, ed. Glaser, J. S. and Smith, J. L., pp. 2744. St. Louis: C. V. Mosby Co. [PAR]Google Scholar
Meadows, J. C., and Munro, S. S. F. (1977) Palinopsia. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. 40: 58. [AR]Google ScholarPubMed
Richardson, A., and Cant, R. (1970) Eidetic imagery and brain damage. Australian Journal of Psychology. 22: 4754. [RNH, EMS]Google Scholar
Siipola, E. M., and Hayden, S. D. (1965) Exploring eidetic imagery among the retarded. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 21: 275–86. [AA, RNH, EMS]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Symmes, J. S. (1971) Visual imagery in brain-injured children. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 33: 507–14. [AA, RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Allport, D. A.; Antonitis, B.; and Reynolds, P. (1972) On the division of attention: a disproof of the single channel hypothesis. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 24: 225–35. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Baltes, P. B., and Willis, S. L. (1977) Toward psychological theories of aging and development. In Handbook of the psychology of aging, ed. Birren, J. E. and Schaie, K. W., pp. 128–54. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. [PAR]Google Scholar
Barber, T. X. (1964a) Hypnotically hallucinated colors and their negative after-images. American Journal of Psychology. 77: 313–18. [TXB]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barber, T. X. (1964b) Toward a theory of “hypnotic behavior”: positive visual and auditory hallucinations. Psychological Record. 14: 197210. [TXB]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barber, T. X. (1970a) Hypnosis, suggestions, and auditory-visual hallucinations. In Origin and mechanisms of hallucinations, ed. Keup, W., pp. 167–80. New York: Plenum Press. [TXB]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barber, T. X. (1970b) LSD, marihuana, yoga and hypnosis. Hawthorne, N. Y.: Aldine. [TXB]Google Scholar
Barber, T. X. (1971) imagery and “hallucinations”: effects of LSD contrasted with the effects of “hypnotic” suggestions. In Imagery: current cognitive approaches, éd. Segal, S. J., pp. 101–29. New York: Academic Press. [TXB]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barber, T. X., and Calverley, D. S. (1964) An experimental study of “hypnotic” (auditory and visual) hallucinations. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 63: 1320. [TXB]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barber, T. X.; Spanos, N. P.; and Chaves, J. F. (1974) Hypnosis, imagination and human potentialities. New York: Pergamon. [TXB]Google Scholar
Baxt, N. (1871) Über die Zeit welch nötig ist, damit ein Gesichtseindruck zum Bewusstsein kommt und über die Grosse (Extension) der Bewusstseins Wahrnehmung bei einem Gesichtseindrucke von gegebener Dauer. Pfuger's Archive gesammelte Physiologie. 4: 325–36. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Benjafield, J. (1969) Evidence that thinking aloud constitutes an externalization of inner speech. Psychonomic Science. 15: 8384. [KAE]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Betts, G. H. (1909) The distribution and functions of mental imagery. New York: Teachers College, Columbia University. [RA]Google Scholar
Braunstein, M. R. (1975) Depth perception through motion. New York: Academic Press. [RNH]Google Scholar
Breuil, H. (1952) Four Centuries of Cave Art. Montignac, Dordogne: Centre d'Études et de Documentation Préhistoriques. [JJ]Google Scholar
Bridgeman, B. (1973) Receptive fields in single cells of monkey visual cortex during visual tracking, international Journal of Neurosciences. 6: 141–52. [BB]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brooks, L. R. (1967) The suppression of visualization by reading. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 19: 289–99. [RNH, CR]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chandler, M. J. (1976) Social cognition and life-span approaches to the study of child development. In Advances in child behavior and development, vol. 11, éd. Reese, H. W., pp. 225–39. New York: Academic Press. [PAR]Google Scholar
Comstock, C., and Kittredge, H. (1922) An experimental study of children as observers. American Journal of Psychology. 33: 161–77. [KAE]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dev, P. (1975) Computer simulation of a dynamic visual perception model. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies. 7: 511–28. [IL]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dewey, J. (1891) How do concepts arise from percepts? Public-school journal. November:128–29. [AA]Google Scholar
Dirks, J., and Neisser, U. (1977) Memory for objects in real scenes: the development of recognition and recall. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 23: 315–28. [UN]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Drever, J. (1964) A dictionary of psychology. Revised by Wallerstein, H.. Baltimore: Penguin Books. [AA]Google Scholar
Erdelyi, M. H. (1976) Coding modality vs. input modality in hypermnesia: is a rose a rose a rose? Cognition 4: 311–19. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ericsson, K. A., and Simon, H. A. (1978) Retrospective verbal reports as data. C.I.P. working paper no. 388. [KAE]Google Scholar
Ericsson, K. A., and Simon, H. A. (1979) Thinking aloud protocols as data: effects of verbalization. C.I.P. working paper no. 397. [KAE]Google Scholar
Ernest, C. H. (1977) imagery ability and cognition: a critical review. Journal of Mental Imagery. 1: 181216. [UN]Google Scholar
Flavell, J. H. (1971) Stage-related properties of cognitive development. Cognitive Psychology. 2: 421–53. [PAR]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forisha, B. L. (1978) Mental imagery and creativity. Review and speculations. Journal of Mental Imagery. 2: 209–38. [JB]Google Scholar
Galton, F. (1883) inquiries into human faculty and its development. London: Dent. [TXB, IMLH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Garner, W. R.; Hake, H. W.; and Eriksen, C. W. (1956) Operationism and the concept of perception. Psychological Review. 63: 149–59. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gordon, R. (1949) An investigation into some of the factors that favour the formation of stereotyped images. British Journal of Psychology. 39: 156–67. [JB]Google ScholarPubMed
Griffitts, C. H. (1927) Individual differences in imagery. Psychological Monographs. 37: number 172. [MHS]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haber, R. N. (1978) Visual perception. Annual Review of Psychology. 29: 2559. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Haber, R. N., and Hershenson, M. (1980) The psychology of visual perception. 2d ed.New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. [RNH]Google Scholar
Ham, M. W., and Spanos, N. P. (1974) Suggested auditory and visual hallucinations in task-motivated and hypnotic subjects. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 17: 94101. [TXB]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hannay, A. (1972) Mental images – a defence. London: Allen & Unwin; New York: Humanities Press. [AH]Google Scholar
Hannay, A. (1977) Proximality as a mark of the mental. In Contemporary aspects of philosophy, ed. Ryle, G.. London and Boston: Oriel Press. [AH]Google Scholar
Hebb, D. O. (1972) Textbook of psychology. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co. [AA]Google Scholar
Horowitz, M. J. (1970) Image formation and congition. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. [AA]Google Scholar
Hunter, I. M. L. (1979) Memory in everyday life. In Applied problems in memory, ed. Gruneberg, M. M. and Morris, P. E., pp. 124. London: Academic Press. [IMLH]Google Scholar
Jackson, C. V. (1953) Visual factors in auditory localisation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 5: 188–97. [DHH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jaensch, E. R. (1920) Zur Methodik experimenteller Untersuchungen an optischen Auschauungsbildern. Zeitschrift der Psychologie. 85: 3782. [IL]Google Scholar
Julesz, B. (1971) Foundations of cyclopean perception. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. [BJ]Google Scholar
Kagan, J., and Havemann, E. (1972) Psychology: an introduction. 2d ed.New York: Harcourt Brace jovanovich. [AA]Google Scholar
Kinsbourne, M. (1978) Asymmetrical function of the brain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [RNH]Google Scholar
Kosslyn, S. M. (1975) Information representation in visual images. Cognitive Psychology. 7: 341–70. [JB]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kosslyn, S. M.; Pinker, S.; Smith, G.; and Shwartz, S. P. (1980, in press) On the demystification of mental imagery. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuhn, T. S. (1962) The structure of scientific revolutions. Chicago: Chicago University Press. [AH]Google Scholar
Külpe, O. (1902) Über die Objectivirung und Subjectivirung von Sinnesein-drucken. Philosophische Studien. 19: 508–36. [DHH]Google Scholar
Lakatos, I. (1970) Falsification and methodology of scientific research programmes. In Criticism and the growth of knowledge, ed. Lakatos, I. and Musgrave, A.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [IL]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lazarus, A. A., ed. (1972) Clinical behavior therapy. New York: Brunner/ Mazel. [AA]Google Scholar
Lindauer, M. S. (1969) Imagery and sensory modality. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 29: 203–15. [RNH, MSL]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lindauer, M. S. (1972) The sensory attributes and functions of images and imagery evoking stimuli. In The function and nature of imagery, ed. Sheehan, P. W., pp. 131–47. New York: Academic Press. [RNH, MSL]Google Scholar
Lindauer, M. S. (1977) Imagery from the point of view of psychological aesthetics, the arts, and creativity. Journal of Mental Imagery. 1: 343–62. [RNH, MSL]Google Scholar
McGee, M. G. (1979) Human spatial abilities: psychometric studies and environmental, genetic, hormonal, and neurological influences. Psychological Bulletin. 86: 889918. [UN]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McKellar, P. (1977) Autonomy, imagery and dissociation. Journal of Mental Imagery. 1: 93108. [DM]Google Scholar
McPeake, J. D., and Spanos, N. P. (1973) The effects of the wording of rating scales on hypnotic subjects' descriptions of visual hallucinations. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 15: 239–44. [TXB]Google ScholarPubMed
Marks, D. (1972) Individual differences in the vividness of visual imagery and their effect on function. In The function and nature of imagery, ed. Sheehan, P. W., pp. 83108. New York and London: Academic Press. [DM]Google Scholar
Marks, D. (1977) Imagery and consciousness: a theoretical review from an individual differences perspective. Journal of Mental Imagery. 1: 275–90. [DM]Google Scholar
Martin, L. J. (1915) Ghosts and the projection of visual images. American Journal of Psychology. 26: 251–57. [TXB]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Müller, J. (1826) Über die phantastische Gesichtserscheinungen. Coblenz: Holscher. [AA]Google Scholar
Natsoulas, T. (1965) Converging operations for perceptual defense. Psychological Bulletin. 64: 393401. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Neisser, U. (1967) Cognitive psychology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. [UN]Google Scholar
Neisser, U. (1976) Cognition and reality. San Francisco: Freeman. [UN]Google Scholar
Neisser, U. (1978a) Anticipations, images and introspection. Cognition. 6: 169–74. [UN]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Neisser, U. (1978b) Perceiving, anticipating, and imagining. In Minnesota studies in the philosophy of science, vol. 9, ed. Savage, C. W.. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. [UN]Google Scholar
Newell, A., and Simon, H. A. (1972) Human problem solving. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. [RNH]Google Scholar
Nisbett, R. E., and Wilson, T. D. (1977) Telling more than we can know: verbal reports on mental processes. Psychological Review. 84: 231–59. [KAE]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Orne, M. T. (1962) On the social psychology of the psychological experiment: with particular reference to demand characteristics and their implications. American Psychologist. 17: 776–83. [TXB]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paivio, A. (1975) Perceptual comparisons through the mind's eye. Memory and Cognition. 3: 635–48. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Parish, E. (1897) Hallucinations and illusions, a study of the fallacies of perception. London: Scott. [TXB]Google Scholar
Pavlov, I. P. (1941) Conditioned reflexes and psychiatry. Translated and edited by Horsley Gantt, E.. New York: International Publishers Co. [AA]Google Scholar
Peck, C., and Schlag-Rey, M. (1979) Spatial coding of visual information in cat's superior colliculus. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. Supplement: 101–2. [BB]Google Scholar
Perky, C. W. (1910) An experimental study of imagination. American Journal of Psychology. 21: 422–52. [RNH, DHH, CR]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Piaget, J. (1929) The child's conception of the world. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. [IMLH]Google Scholar
Piaget, J., and Inhelder, B. (1966) L'image mentale chez l'enfant. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. [JB]Google Scholar
Piaget, J., and Inhelder, B. (1968) Mémoire et intelligence. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. [JB]Google Scholar
Pylyshyn, Z. W. (1975) Do we need images and analogues? In Theoretical issues in natural language processing. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. [JB]Google Scholar
Richardson, A. (1977) The meaning and measurement of memory imagery. British Journal of Psychology. 68: 2943. [JB]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Richardson, A. (1969) Mental imagery. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Russell, Bertrand. (1921) Analysis of mind. New York: Macmillan. [AA]Google Scholar
Sarbin, T. R. (1968) Ontology recapitulates philology: the mythic nature of anxiety. American Psychologist. 23: 411–18. [CJF]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schlag, J., and Schlag-Rey, M. (1977) Visuomotor properties of cells in cat tha-lamic internal medullary lamina, in Control of gaze by brain stem neurons, developments in neurosciences, vol. 1, éd. Baker, C. H. and Berthoz, A.. Elsevier: North-Holland Biomédical Press. [BB]Google Scholar
Schneider, A. M. (1967) Control of memory by spreading critical depression: a case for stimulus control. Psychological Review. 74: 201–15. [RA]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Segal, S. J. (1971) Processing of the stimulus in imagery and perception. In Imagery: current cognitive approaches, éd. Segal, S. J.. New York: Academic Press. [DHH]Google Scholar
Sheehan, P. W. (1966) Accuracy and vividness of visual images. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 23: 391–98. [RNH, CR]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sheehan, P. W. (1972) The function and nature of imagery. New York: Academic Press. [RNH]Google Scholar
Shepard, R. N. (1978) The mental image. American Psychologist. 33: 125–37. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shepard, R. N., and Chipman, S. (1970) Second-order isomorphism of internal representations: shapes of states. Cognitive Psychology. 1: 117. [CJF]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Singer, J. L., and Pope, K. S., eds. (1978) The power of human imagination. New York: Plenum Press. [AA]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, G. J. W., and Danielsson, A. (1978) Psychopathology in childhood and adolescence as reflected in projected afterimage serials. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 19: 2939. [GS]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Smith, G. J. W., and Sjöholm, L. (1974) Can our theory of reality influence our perception of it? Psychological Research Bulletin, Lund University. Monograph Series 14(1):127. [GS]Google Scholar
Spanos, N. P., and Barber, T. X. (1968) “Hypnotic” experiences as inferred from subjective reports: auditory and visual hallucinations. Journal for Experimental Research in Personality. 3: 136–50. [TXB]Google Scholar
Spanos, N. P.; Ham, M. H.; and Barber, T. X. (1973) Suggested (“hypnotic’) visual hallucinations: experimental and phenomenological data. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 81: 96106. [TXB]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Spanos, N. P.; McPeake, J. D.; and Carter, W. (1973) Effects of pretesting on response to a visual hallucination suggestion in hypnotic subjects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 28: 293–97. [TXB]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sperling, G. (1960) The information available in brief visual presentations. Psychological Monographs 74: number 11. [RNH]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
von Senden, M. (1960) Space and sight. Translated by Heath, P.. London: Methuen. [RNH]Google Scholar
Walsh, F. J.; White, K. D.; and Ashton, R. (1978) Imagery training: development of a procedure and its evaluation. Unpublished research report, Department of Psychology, University of Queensland. [AR]Google Scholar
Werner, H. (1940) Comparative psychology of mental development. New York: Harper. [IMLH]Google Scholar
White, K.; Sheehan, P. W.; and Ashton, R. (1977) Imagery assessment: a survey of self-report measures. Journal of Mental Imagery. 1: 145–70. [UN]Google Scholar
Wittgenstein, L. (1953) Philosophical investigations. New York: Macmillan. [CJF]Google Scholar
Wolfe, T. (1936) The story of a novel. New York: Scribners. [TXB]Google Scholar
Wolpe, J. (1969) The practice of behavior therapy. New York: Pergamon Press. [AA]Google ScholarPubMed
Woodworth, R. S. (1938) Experimental psychology. New York: Holt and Co. [IL]Google Scholar
Woodworth, R. S. and Schlosberg, H. (1954) Experimental psychology. 2d ed.New York: Holt and Co. [IL]Google Scholar