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Drugs as instruments from a developmental child and adolescent psychiatric perspective

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 November 2011

Tobias Banaschewski
Affiliation:
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, 68159 Mannheim, Germany. tobias.banaschewski@zi-mannheim.dedorothea.blomeyer@zi-mannheim.dearlette.buchmann@zi-mannheim.deluise.poustka@zi-mannheim.demanfred.laucht@zi-mannheim.dewww.zi-mannheim.de
Dorothea Blomeyer
Affiliation:
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, 68159 Mannheim, Germany. tobias.banaschewski@zi-mannheim.dedorothea.blomeyer@zi-mannheim.dearlette.buchmann@zi-mannheim.deluise.poustka@zi-mannheim.demanfred.laucht@zi-mannheim.dewww.zi-mannheim.de
Arlette F. Buchmann
Affiliation:
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, 68159 Mannheim, Germany. tobias.banaschewski@zi-mannheim.dedorothea.blomeyer@zi-mannheim.dearlette.buchmann@zi-mannheim.deluise.poustka@zi-mannheim.demanfred.laucht@zi-mannheim.dewww.zi-mannheim.de
Luise Poustka
Affiliation:
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, 68159 Mannheim, Germany. tobias.banaschewski@zi-mannheim.dedorothea.blomeyer@zi-mannheim.dearlette.buchmann@zi-mannheim.deluise.poustka@zi-mannheim.demanfred.laucht@zi-mannheim.dewww.zi-mannheim.de
Aribert Rothenberger
Affiliation:
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Göttingen, 37075 Göttingen, Germany. arothen@gwdg.de
Manfred Laucht
Affiliation:
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, 68159 Mannheim, Germany. tobias.banaschewski@zi-mannheim.dedorothea.blomeyer@zi-mannheim.dearlette.buchmann@zi-mannheim.deluise.poustka@zi-mannheim.demanfred.laucht@zi-mannheim.dewww.zi-mannheim.de

Abstract

Developmental, epidemiological, and neurobiological studies indicate that the adaptive and maladaptive functions, as well as immediate and long-term consequences of drug use, may vary by age. Early initiation seems to be associated with a reduced ability to use drugs purposely in a temporally stable, non-addictive manner. Prevention strategies should consider social environmental factors and aim to delay age at initiation.

Type
Open Peer Commentary
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2011

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