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Factorial Validity of the Perceived Empathic and Social Self-Efficacy Scale for Adults with Serious Mental Illness: A Brief Report

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 December 2016

Jennifer Sánchez*
Department of Rehabilitation and Counselor Education, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
Joseph S. Pfaller
Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Special Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA
Kanako Iwanaga
Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Special Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA
Fong Chan
Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Special Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA
Connie Sung
Department of Counseling, Educational Psychology and Special Education, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
Jill L. Bezyak
Rehabilitation Counseling and Sciences, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO, USA
Shu-Mei Chen
Tsaotun Psychiatric Center, Tsaotun, Taiwan, China
Address for correspondence: Jennifer Sánchez, Department of Rehabilitation and Counselor Education, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA E-mail:
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The objectives of this study were (1) to evaluate the measurement structure of the Perceived Empathic and Social Self-Efficacy Scale amongst 194 individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) and (2) to establish construct validity for the Perceived Empathic and Social Self-Efficacy Scale. Confirmatory factor analysis yielded a two-factor measurement structure of the Perceived Empathic and Social Self-Efficacy Scale, which was positively associated with insight, social support, and life satisfaction. The Perceived Empathic and Social Self-Efficacy Scale is a useful measure to assess social skills amongst individuals with SMI in rehabilitation counselling.

Copyright © The Author(s) 2016 

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