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VIII. Notes on the Interment of a Young Frankish Warrior, discovered at Envermeu, Seine Inférieure, on September 10, 1856, by the Abbé Cochet. Translated, and followed by some Remarks upon the Abbé's Notes, by W. M. Wylie, Esq. F.S.A. In a Letter addressed to J. Y. Akerman, Esq. Secretary

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 January 2012

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Extract

On September 8th, 1856, I commenced my seventh, and last, archæological research in the remarkable cemetery of Envermeu, which, since its first discovery in 1850, has been the means of revealing to me nearly the whole of Merovingian archæology. On the 10th I visited the ground to examine the trenches which the workmen had prepared, and, on the same day, I examined seven interments, the first of which proved to be the most interesting of all my discoveries of this season.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Society of Antiquaries of London 1857

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References

page 102 note a I. Girardin. Analyses de plusieurs Produits d'Art d'une haute Antiquité, p. 38. Prècis Analytique des Travaux de l'Acad. de Rouen, 1851—52.

page 103 note a “Vel pater vel propinquus scuto frameaque juvenem ornat; hæc apud illos toga; hic primus juventutis honos; ante hoc domûs pars videntur, nunc reipublicæ.”—Tacitus de Germ. Mor. c. 5. On this passage of Tacitus I would remark, that though in the times of Augustus and Trajan the shield was probably granted, with the lance, to the German youths, yet the custom must have become modified in the days of Clovis and Dagobert. On every occasion that the shield has occurred in our Frankish cemeteries, it was always with a stalwart warrior, who often also bore a sword. (Sépultures Gauloises, Romaines, Franques, et Normandes, p. 225.) The small lance, or framea, on the contrary, is found with youths not having shields.

page 104 note a Collectanea Antiqua, vol. iii. p. 16.—Inventorium Sepulohrale, p. 42.

page 104 note b Die Heidengräber am Lupfen bei Oberflacht, p. 9, pl. x. fig. 11.

page 105 note a Sépultures Gauloises, etc., p. 268.

page 105 note b Anastasis Childerici, p. 226.

page 105 note c Gosse. Notice sur d'Anciens Cimetières, etc., pl. i. fig. 2, pl. v. fig. 2.

page 105 note d La Normandie Souterraine, p. 375.

page 105 note e Das Gennanische Todtenlager bei Selzen, p. viii.

page 106 note a À la Cité de Limes. Mem. de la Soc. des Ant. de Norm. p. 52.

page 106 note b À Rotomagus; à Uggate; à Juliobona; à Mediolanum, etc. L'Étrétat Souterrain, 2e série, p. 9. De Caumont, Bulletin Monumental, t. xx. pp. 406, 612.

page 106 note c Langlois, Mem. de la Soc. des Ant. de Norm. t. iv. pp. 236—52, pl. xx. fig. C.

page 106 note d Ed. Lambert; Essai sur le Num. Gaul. de Nord-Ouest de la France; Mem. de la Soc. des Ant. de Norm. t. xiii. p. 184.

page 106 note e Carnibus suillinis tum recentibus tum salitis utuntur.—Strabo, lib. iv. Tacit. de Mor. Germ. c. 45.

page 106 note f La Normandie Souterraine, p. 376.

page 106 note g Sépultures Gauloises, &c. p 20.

page 106 note h Archæol. Journal, vol, ii. p. 81.

page 107 note a Les Monumens de la Monarchie Françoise, vol. i. pl. 5.

page 107 note b “Phaleræ regii equi.” Anastasis Childerici.

page 108 note a Remains of Pagan Saxondom, p. 66, pi. 33.—Num. Chron. vol. vi. p. 71.

page 108 note b “Qui aurificum occiderit electum, centum quinquaginta solid. solvat.” “Si argentarium c. solid.”—Leg. Burgundionum, tit. x. 3. ed. Herold.

page 108 note c It will also be noticed in a fibula given in plate xxxii. of “Remains of Pagan Saxondom, ” and attributed by Mr. Akerman to the Merovingian period; Graves of the Alemanni, Archæologia, vol. XXXVI. pl. xiv. fig. 4.

page 108 note d Some historical evidence as to this portion of the early Merovingian costume is adduced in the Abbé Cochet's recent work, “Sépultures Gauloises, ” &c. St. Eloy seems to have delighted in jewelled purses: “Habebat zonas ex duro et gemmis comptas, nee non et bursas eleganter gemmatas.”

page 109 note a Archæologia, vol. XXXVI. pp. 137, 148, pl. xiv. figs. 4, 7.

page 109 note b Archæol vol. XXXV. p. 224.

page 109 note c Grimm, Dr. J.. “Uber das rerbrennen der Leichen.” Berlin, 1850.Google Scholar

page 109 note d Jahreshefte des Würtembergischen Alt-Vereins iii.—Archæologia, vol. XXXVI. p. 129.

page 109 note e De Alodibus, tit. vii. c. 6. “Mater moriens filio terram, mancipio pecuniam dimittat, filiæ vero spolia colli, id est, murenas, nuscas, monilia, inaures, vestes, armillas, vel quicquid ornamenti proprii videbat habuisse.” Again, De Furtis, tit. viii. c. 3. “Qui ornamenta muliebria, quod rhedo dicunt, furto abstulerit, ” &c.

page 110 note a Leo on Local Nomenclature. Alcuin. Pœnitentiale Ecgb. lib. iv. 68, § 5, 6. Tacit. De Mor. Germ. 12.

page 110 note b Todtenlager bei Selzen. Grave 8.

page 110 note c Remains of Pagan Saxondom, p. 26, pl. xii.

page 110 note d Antiquities of Richborough, p. 110.

page 110 note e Bahr's Gräber der Lieven.

page 110 note f Tab. xv. fig. 14.

page 110 note g Archæologia, vol. XXXVI.

page 111 note a Einhard, c. 25. “Temptabat et scribere, tabulasque et codicellos ad hoc in lecto sub cervicalibus circumferre solebat, ut, cum vacuum tempus esset, manum litteris effingendis adsuesceret; sed parum successit labor præposterus, ac sero inchoatus.”

page 111 note b Asser. Pauli.

page 111 note c L. ii. c. 4; Matthew of “Westminster, c. xvi.

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VIII. Notes on the Interment of a Young Frankish Warrior, discovered at Envermeu, Seine Inférieure, on September 10, 1856, by the Abbé Cochet. Translated, and followed by some Remarks upon the Abbé's Notes, by W. M. Wylie, Esq. F.S.A. In a Letter addressed to J. Y. Akerman, Esq. Secretary
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VIII. Notes on the Interment of a Young Frankish Warrior, discovered at Envermeu, Seine Inférieure, on September 10, 1856, by the Abbé Cochet. Translated, and followed by some Remarks upon the Abbé's Notes, by W. M. Wylie, Esq. F.S.A. In a Letter addressed to J. Y. Akerman, Esq. Secretary
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VIII. Notes on the Interment of a Young Frankish Warrior, discovered at Envermeu, Seine Inférieure, on September 10, 1856, by the Abbé Cochet. Translated, and followed by some Remarks upon the Abbé's Notes, by W. M. Wylie, Esq. F.S.A. In a Letter addressed to J. Y. Akerman, Esq. Secretary
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