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Ontogenetic changes in behaviour transmission among individuals in the schooling of Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 August 2011

Hiromu Fukuda*
Department of Fisheries, School of Agriculture, Kinki University, 3327-204 Naka-machi, 631-8505 Nara, Japan
Yoshifumi Sawada
Fisheries Laboratory, Kinki University, 1790-4 Ohshima, Kushimoto, 649-3633 Wakayama, Japan
Tsutomu Takagi
Department of Fisheries, School of Agriculture, Kinki University, 3327-204 Naka-machi, 631-8505 Nara, Japan
a Corresponding author: Present address: Bluefin Tuna Resources Division, National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, 5-7-1, Orido, Shimizu, 424-8633 Shizuoka, Japan
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To reveal the kinematical aspects of schooling development in the Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis, changes in its schooling behaviour traits, local behaviour transmission among school members and morphological traits were investigated as fish developed from the larval to the juvenile stage. Schooling was first observed at around 24 days post-hatching (27 mm body length) in T. orientalis. Behaviour transmission among individuals took much longer among 24 d post-hatching individuals than among older fish. The compactness and polarity of the school progressively improved as the time required for behaviour transmission decreased. One cause of the reduction in the time required for behaviour transmission was the development of manoeuvrability, which resulted from further morphological development of the caudal fin and other organs related to swimming.

Research Article
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2011

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