Hostname: page-component-8448b6f56d-c47g7 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-16T18:33:58.340Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Ontogenetic changes in behaviour transmission among individuals in the schooling of Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 August 2011

Hiromu Fukuda*
Affiliation:
Department of Fisheries, School of Agriculture, Kinki University, 3327-204 Naka-machi, 631-8505 Nara, Japan
Yoshifumi Sawada
Affiliation:
Fisheries Laboratory, Kinki University, 1790-4 Ohshima, Kushimoto, 649-3633 Wakayama, Japan
Tsutomu Takagi
Affiliation:
Department of Fisheries, School of Agriculture, Kinki University, 3327-204 Naka-machi, 631-8505 Nara, Japan
*
a Corresponding author: Present address: Bluefin Tuna Resources Division, National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, 5-7-1, Orido, Shimizu, 424-8633 Shizuoka, Japan fukudahiromu@affrc.go.jp
Get access

Abstract

To reveal the kinematical aspects of schooling development in the Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis, changes in its schooling behaviour traits, local behaviour transmission among school members and morphological traits were investigated as fish developed from the larval to the juvenile stage. Schooling was first observed at around 24 days post-hatching (27 mm body length) in T. orientalis. Behaviour transmission among individuals took much longer among 24 d post-hatching individuals than among older fish. The compactness and polarity of the school progressively improved as the time required for behaviour transmission decreased. One cause of the reduction in the time required for behaviour transmission was the development of manoeuvrability, which resulted from further morphological development of the caudal fin and other organs related to swimming.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2011

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Broglio, C., Rodríguez, F., Salas, C., 2003, Spatial cognition and its neural basis in teleost fishes. Fish Fish. 4, 247255. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clark, P.J., Evans, F.C., 1954, Distance to nearest neighbor as a measure of spatial relationships in populations. Ecology 35, 445453. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eaton, R.C., Emberley, D.S., 1991, How stimulus direction determines the trajectory of the mauthner-initiated escape response in a teleost fish. J. Exp. Biol. 161, 469487. Google Scholar
Fukuda, H., Torisawa, S., Sawada, Y., Takagi, T., 2010, Ontogenetic changes in schooling behaviour during larval and early juvenile stages of Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis. J. Fish Biol. 76, 18411847. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gerlotto, F., Bertrand, S., Bez, N., Gutierrez, M., 2006, Waves of agitation inside anchovy schools observed with multibeam sonar: a way to transmit information in response to predation. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 63, 14051417. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibb, A.C., Swanson, B.O.,Wesp, H., Landels, C., Liu, C., 2006, Development of the escape response in teleost fishes: Do ontogenetic changes enable improved performance? Physiol. Biochem. Zool. 79, 719. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Imada H., Hoki M., Suehiro Y., Okuyama T., Kurabayashi D., Shimada A., Naruse K. Takeda H., Kubo T., Takeuchi H., 2010, Coordinated and cohesive movement of two small conspecific fish induced by eliciting a simultaneous optomotor response. PLoS ONE 5, e11248. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011248.
Ishizaki, Y., Masuda, R., Uematsu, K., Shimizu, K., Arimoto, M., Takeuchi, T., 2001, The effect of dietary docosahexaenoic acid on schooling behaviour and brain development in larval yellowtail. J. Fish Biol. 58, 16911703. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kawamura G., Masuma S., Tezuka N., Koiso M., Jinbo T., Namba K., 2003, Morphogenesis of sense organs in the bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis. Proc. 26th Annual Larval Fish Conference, Oslo, July 2002, The Big Fish Bang, pp. 123–135.
Magnuson J.J., 1978, Locomotion by scombrid fishes: Hydromechanics, morphology, and behaviour. In: Hoar W.S, Randall D.J. (eds.). Fish Physiology VII. Academic Press, New York, pp. 240–313.
Makino, H., Masuda, R., Tanaka, M., 2006, Ontogenetic changes of learning capability under reward conditioning in striped knifejaw Oplegnathus fasciatus juveniles. Fish. Sci. 72, 11771182. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Masuda, R., Shoji, J., Nakayama, S., Tanaka, M., 2003, Development of schooling behavior in Spanish mackerel Scomberomorus niphonius during early ontogeny. Fish. Sci. 69, 772776. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Masuda, R., Tsukamoto, K., 1998, The ontogeny of schooling behaviour in the striped jack. J. Fish Biol. 52, 483493. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Matsuura, R., Sawada, Y., Ishibashi, Y., 2010, Development of visual cells in the Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis. Fish Physiol. Biochem. 36, 391402. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Montgomery, J.C., Sutherland, K.B.W., 1997, Sensory development of the Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticum: a test for the ontogenetic shift hypothesis. Pol. Biol. 18, 112115. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nagy, M., Akos, Z., Biro, D., Vicsek, T., 2010, Hierarchical group dynamics in pigeon flocks. Nature 464, 890894. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nakayama, S., Masuda, R., Shoji, J., Takeuchi, T., Tanaka, M., 2003, Effect of prey items on the development of schooling behavior in chub mackerel Scomber japonicus in the laboratory. Fish. Sci. 69, 670676. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nakayama, S., Masuda, R., Tanaka, M., 2007, Onsets of schooling behavior and social transmission in chub mackerel Scomber japonicus. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 61, 13831390. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pitcher T.J., Parrish J.K., 1993, Function of shoaling behaviour in teleosts. In: Pitcher T.J. (ed.). Behaviour of teleost fishes, 2nd edn., Chapman & Hall, New York, 363–439.
Sabate, F.D., Sakakura, Y., Tanaka, Y., Kumon, K., Nikaido, H., Eba, T., Nishi, A., Shiozawa, S., Hagiwara, A., Masuma, S., 2010, Onset and development of cannibalistic and schooling behavior in the early life stages of Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis. Aquaculture 301, 1621. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sawada, Y., Okada, T., Miyashita, S., Murata, O., Kumai, H., 2005, Completion of the Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis (Temminck et Schlegel) life cycle. Aquac. Res. 36, 413421. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tanaka, Y., Satoh, K., Iwahashi, M., Yamada, H., 2006, Growth-dependent recruitment of Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 319, 225235. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Torisawa, S., Takagi, T., Fukuda, H., Ishibashi, Y., Sawada, Y., Okada, T., Miyashita, S., Suzuki, K., Yamane, T., 2007, Schooling behaviour and retinomotor response of juvenile Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis under different light intensities. J. Fish Biol. 71, 411420. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Webb, P.W., Weihs, D., 1986, Functional locomotor morphology of early life history stages of fishes. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 115, 115127. 2.0.CO;2>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weihs, D., 1980, Energetic significance of changes in swimming modes during growth of larval anchovy Engraulis mordax. Fish. Bull. 77, 597604. Google Scholar
Young, J.W., Davis, T.L.O., 1990, Feeding ecology of larvae of southern bluefin, albacore and skipjack tunas (Pisces: Scombridae) in the eastern Indian Ocean. Mar. Biol. Prog. Ser. 61, 1729. CrossRefGoogle Scholar