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The Channel habitat atlas for marine resource management (CHARM): an aid for planning and decision-making in an area under strong anthropogenic pressure

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 February 2010

C. S. Martin
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France Canterbury Christ Church University (CCCU), Department of Geographical & Life Sciences, North Holmes Road, Canterbury CT1 1QU, UK
A. Carpentier
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
S. Vaz
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
F. Coppin
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
L. Curet
Affiliation:
University of Kent, Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), Dep. Anthropology, Canterbury CT2 7NS, UK
J.-C. Dauvin
Affiliation:
USTL, Université des sciences et technologies de Lille, Laboratoire d'Océanologie et Géosciences, CNRS UMR LOG 8187, Station marine de Wimereux, 28 avenue Foch, BP 80, 62930 Wimereux, France
J. Delavenne
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
J.-M. Dewarumez
Affiliation:
USTL, Université des sciences et technologies de Lille, Laboratoire d'Océanologie et Géosciences, CNRS UMR LOG 8187, Station marine de Wimereux, 28 avenue Foch, BP 80, 62930 Wimereux, France
L. Dupuis
Affiliation:
Canterbury Christ Church University (CCCU), Department of Geographical & Life Sciences, North Holmes Road, Canterbury CT1 1QU, UK
G. Engelhard
Affiliation:
CEFAS, The Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft Laboratory, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft NR33 0HT, UK
B. Ernande
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
A. Foveau
Affiliation:
USTL, Université des sciences et technologies de Lille, Laboratoire d'Océanologie et Géosciences, CNRS UMR LOG 8187, Station marine de Wimereux, 28 avenue Foch, BP 80, 62930 Wimereux, France
C. Garcia
Affiliation:
USTL, Université des sciences et technologies de Lille, Laboratoire d'Océanologie et Géosciences, CNRS UMR LOG 8187, Station marine de Wimereux, 28 avenue Foch, BP 80, 62930 Wimereux, France
L. Gardel
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
S. Harrop
Affiliation:
University of Kent, Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), Dep. Anthropology, Canterbury CT2 7NS, UK
R. Just
Affiliation:
University of Kent, Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), Dep. Anthropology, Canterbury CT2 7NS, UK
P. Koubbi
Affiliation:
Université Pierre & Marie Curie, Université Paris 6, UMR 7093, Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France; CNRS, UMR 7093, LOV, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
V. Lauria
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
G. J. Meaden
Affiliation:
Canterbury Christ Church University (CCCU), Department of Geographical & Life Sciences, North Holmes Road, Canterbury CT1 1QU, UK
J. Morin
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
Y. Ota
Affiliation:
University of Kent, Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), Dep. Anthropology, Canterbury CT2 7NS, UK
E. Rostiaux
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
R. Smith
Affiliation:
University of Kent, Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), Dep. Anthropology, Canterbury CT2 7NS, UK
N. Spilmont
Affiliation:
USTL, Université des sciences et technologies de Lille, Laboratoire d'Océanologie et Géosciences, CNRS UMR LOG 8187, Station marine de Wimereux, 28 avenue Foch, BP 80, 62930 Wimereux, France
Y. Vérin
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
C. Villanueva
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
C. Warembourg
Affiliation:
IFREMER, Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer, Lab. Ressources halieutiques du Centre Manche-Mer du Nord, 150 quai Gambetta, BP 699, 62321 Boulogne-sur-mer, France
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Abstract

The eastern English Channel, the narrow channel of water separating northern France and southeast England is an area of intense human use of the array of resources concentrated into its relative small area. The vulnerability of living resources and their habitats brought together French and British maritime experts within a common project (called CHARM): to create an atlas of marine resource habitats in the eastern English Channel so as to provide planners and decision-makers with the necessary information to help managing the use of its living and non-living resources. This multidisciplinary and richly illustrated atlas provides abundant information on the legal framework and physical environment; benthic invertebrates, fish and their habitats; fishing activities; and a first attempt at developing a trophic network model (using ECOPATH software) and a marine conservation planning exercise (using MARXAN software, at a spatial resolution of 25 km$^{2})$. Although most of the data used were collected elsewhere, some were collected especially for the project. Similarly, most of the analyses performed on the data where entirely original for this geographical area. The CHARM atlas has significantly improved the knowledge about the eastern Channel while contributing to the recognition that such holistic or multidisciplinary approaches to exploited marine systems are necessary to efficiently and durably manage their resources use.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD, 2009

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