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THE MIDDLE HELLADIC POTTERY OF LEFKANDI PHASES IV–VI: AN INTRODUCTION

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 September 2020

Oliver Dickinson
Affiliation:
Durham University
Corresponding

Abstract

This paper presents a more detailed account of the pottery of Phases IV–VI in the Middle Helladic (MH) sequence at Lefkandi: Xeropolis than is available in the preliminary report. It is based essentially on an unfinished draft compiled by Roger Howell (the Howell manuscript). After an introduction on the background, there is discussion of the Howell manuscript, and then an analysis of the stratigraphy of Trench CC, the basis for the phasing of the pre-Mycenaean phases of Lefkandi; brief comments are also provided on those trial trenches that produced relevant material. The pottery of the three phases is then set out in detail, with attention to the relative popularity of wares and the shapes within those wares, and to possible imports, and they are argued to be classifiable as later ‘MH I’ (Phase IV), advanced ‘MH II’ (Phase V), and the early Mycenaean period, quite possibly starting in ‘MH III’ but continuing well into Late Helladic II (Phase VI). A summary sets out some distinctive characteristics of the Lefkandi sequence, as deducible from this material, and some general conclusions.

H μεσοελλαδική κεραμική των φάσεων στο Λευκαντί: εισαγωγή

Αυτό το άρθρο παρουσιάζει μια πιο λεπτομερή περιγραφή της κεραμικής των Φάσεων IV–VI της Μεσοελλαδικής ακολουθίας στο Λευκαντί Ξερόπολη, από ό, τι διατίθεται στην προκαταρκτική έκθεση. Βασίζεται ουσιαστικά σε ένα ημιτελές δοκίμιο που συνέταξε ο Roger Howell (το χειρόγραφο Howell). Μετά από μια εισαγωγή στο παρασκήνιο, γίνεται συζήτηση για το χειρόγραφο του Howell και, στη συνέχεια, μια ανάλυση της στρωματογραφίας της Τομής CC, της βάσης για τον ορισμό των προ-μυκηναϊκών φάσεων του Λευκαντί. Σύντομα σχόλια παρέχονται, επίσης, σε εκείνες τις δοκιμαστικές τομές που παρήγαγαν σχετικό υλικό. Στη συνέχεια, η κεραμική των τριών φάσεων περιγράφεται λεπτομερώς, με προσοχή στη σχετική δημοτικότητα των κεραμικών ρυθμών και στα σχήματα που αναπτύχθηκαν στο πλαίσιό τους, καθώς και σε πιθανές εισαγωγές, και υποστηρίζεται ότι μπορούν να αποδοθούν χρονολογικά στην ύστερη «MΕ I» (Φάση IV), προχωρημένη «MΕ II» (Φάση V) και στην πρώιμη Μυκηναϊκή περίοδο, πιθανότατα ξεκινώντας από τη «MΕ III», αλλά συνεχίζοντας έως και την ΥΕ II (Φάση VI). Μια περίληψη παραθέτει ορισμένα διακριτικά χαρακτηριστικά της ακολουθίας Λευκαντί, όπως προκύπτουν από αυτό το υλικό, και ορισμένα γενικά συμπεράσματα.

Μετάφραση: Γ. Φλούδα

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Copyright © The Council, British School at Athens, 2020

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