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The role of organisms in hyporheic processes: gaps in current knowledge, needs for future research and applications

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 July 2012

P. Marmonier*
Université de Lyon, Université de Lyon 1, UMR-CNRS 5023 LEHNA, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
G. Archambaud
Cemagref Aix-en-Provence, Hydrobiologie-EEC, 13182 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 5, France
N. Belaidi
Département de biologie et environnement, Université de Tlemcen, DZ-13000 Tlemcen, Algeria
N. Bougon
Cemagref Lyon, UR MALY, 3bis quai Chauveau, 69336 Lyon Cedex 09, France
P. Breil
Cemagref Lyon – UR Hydrologie Hydraulique, 3bis quai Chauveau, 69336 Lyon Cedex 09, France
E. Chauvet
Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, EcoLab (Laboratoire d'Écologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement), Bât. 4R1, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France CNRS, Ecolab, 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
C. Claret
Institut Méditerranéen d'Écologie et de Paléoécologie IMEP, UMR-CNRS 6116, Université Paul-Cézanne Aix-Marseille 3, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20, France
J. Cornut
Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, EcoLab (Laboratoire d'Écologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement), Bât. 4R1, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France CNRS, Ecolab, 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
T. Datry
Cemagref Lyon, UR MALY, 3bis quai Chauveau, 69336 Lyon Cedex 09, France
M.-J. Dole-Olivier
Université de Lyon, Université de Lyon 1, UMR-CNRS 5023 LEHNA, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
B. Dumont
Cemagref Aix-en-Provence, Hydrobiologie-EEC, 13182 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 5, France
N. Flipo
École des Mines de Paris, Géoscience Départment, Fontainebleau Cedex, France
A. Foulquier
Université de Lyon, Université de Lyon 1, UMR-CNRS 5023 LEHNA, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France Cemagref Lyon, UR MALY, 3bis quai Chauveau, 69336 Lyon Cedex 09, France
M. Gérino
Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, EcoLab (Laboratoire d'Écologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement), Bât. 4R1, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France CNRS, Ecolab, 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
A. Guilpart
INR-Agrocampus-Ouest, UMR 985 Écologie et Santé des Ecosystèmes, 65 rue de St Brieuc, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
F. Julien
Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, EcoLab (Laboratoire d'Écologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement), Bât. 4R1, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France CNRS, Ecolab, 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
C. Maazouzi
Université de Lyon, Université de Lyon 1, UMR-CNRS 5023 LEHNA, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
D. Martin
Université de Lyon, Université de Lyon 1, UMR-CNRS 5023 LEHNA, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
F. Mermillod-Blondin
Université de Lyon, Université de Lyon 1, UMR-CNRS 5023 LEHNA, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
B. Montuelle
Cemagref Lyon, UR MALY, 3bis quai Chauveau, 69336 Lyon Cedex 09, France INRA, UMR CARTEL, Route de Corzent, BP 511, 74203 Thonon-les-Bains, France
Ph. Namour
Cemagref Lyon, UR MALY, 3bis quai Chauveau, 69336 Lyon Cedex 09, France Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, Institut des Sciences Analytiques, UMR 5280, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
S. Navel
Université de Lyon, Université de Lyon 1, UMR-CNRS 5023 LEHNA, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
D. Ombredane
INR-Agrocampus-Ouest, UMR 985 Écologie et Santé des Ecosystèmes, 65 rue de St Brieuc, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
T. Pelte
Ministère de l'Environnement, Agence de l'Eau Rhône-Méditerrannée and Corse, 2-4 Allée de Lodz, 69363 Lyon Cedex 07, France
C. Piscart
Université de Lyon, Université de Lyon 1, UMR-CNRS 5023 LEHNA, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
M. Pusch
Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin, Germany
S. Stroffek
Ministère de l'Environnement, Agence de l'Eau Rhône-Méditerrannée and Corse, 2-4 Allée de Lodz, 69363 Lyon Cedex 07, France
A. Robertson
Department of Life Sciences – Roehampton University, Holybourne Avenue, London SW15 4JD, UK
J.-M. Sanchez-Pérez
Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, EcoLab (Laboratoire d'Écologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement), Bât. 4R1, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France CNRS, Ecolab, 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
S. Sauvage
Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, EcoLab (Laboratoire d'Écologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement), Bât. 4R1, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France CNRS, Ecolab, 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
A. Taleb
Département de biologie et environnement, Université de Tlemcen, DZ-13000 Tlemcen, Algeria
M. Wantzen
Université de Tours, UMR 6173 CITERES, Département IMACOF, 33 allée F. de Lesseps, 37204 Tours Cedex 03, France
Ph. Vervier
Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, EcoLab (Laboratoire d'Écologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement), Bât. 4R1, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France CNRS, Ecolab, 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4, France Acceptables Avenirs Prologue, La Pyrénéenne, BP 27201, 31672 Labège Cedex, France
*Corresponding author:


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Fifty years after the hyporheic zone was first defined (Orghidan, 1959), there are still gaps in the knowledge regarding the role of biodiversity in hyporheic processes. First, some methodological questions remained unanswered regarding the interactions between biodiversity and physical processes, both for the study of habitat characteristics and interactions at different scales. Furthermore, many questions remain to be addressed to help inform our understanding of invertebrate community dynamics, especially regarding the trophic niches of organisms, the functional groups present within sediment, and their temporal changes. Understanding microbial community dynamics would require investigations about their relationship with the physical characteristics of the sediment, their diversity, their relationship with metabolic pathways, their interactions with invertebrates, and their response to environmental stress. Another fundamental research question is that of the importance of the hyporheic zone in the global metabolism of the river, which must be explored in relation to organic matter recycling, the effects of disturbances, and the degradation of contaminants. Finally, the application of this knowledge requires the development of methods for the estimation of hydrological exchanges, especially for the management of sediment clogging, the optimization of self-purification, and the integration of climate change in environmental policies. The development of descriptors of hyporheic zone health and of new metrology is also crucial to include specific targets in water policies for the long-term management of the system and a clear evaluation of restoration strategies.

Research Article
© EDP Sciences, 2012


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