Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-79b67bcb76-6j5sx Total loading time: 0.162 Render date: 2021-05-17T09:35:37.865Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

The use of reproductive and molecular biotechnology in Animal Genetic Resources management - a global overview1

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 August 2011

D. Pilling
Affiliation:
Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, V.le delle Terme di Caracalla 1, 00100 Rome, Italy
R. Cardellino
Affiliation:
Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, V.le delle Terme di Caracalla 1, 00100 Rome, Italy
M. Zjalic
Affiliation:
Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, V.le delle Terme di Caracalla 1, 00100 Rome, Italy
B. Rischkowsky
Affiliation:
Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, V.le delle Terme di Caracalla 1, 00100 Rome, Italy
K.A. Tempelman
Affiliation:
Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, V.le delle Terme di Caracalla 1, 00100 Rome, Italy
I. Hoffmann
Affiliation:
Animal Production and Health Division, FAO, V.le delle Terme di Caracalla 1, 00100 Rome, Italy
Get access

Summary

As part of the country-driven strategy for the management of animal genetic resources, FAO invited 188 countries to participate in the preparation of the First Report on the State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources. Utilizing the information provided in the 148 country reports ready for analysis in July 2005, this paper presents a global overview of the state of capacity and utilization of reproductive and molecular biotechnologies in the management of animal genetic resources. Regional descriptions outline the distribution of different biotechnologies, along with a discussion of the species and breed focus of their use, and stakeholder involvement in service delivery. Unsurprisingly, there is a big gap in biotechnology use between developed and developing countries, with artificial insemination being the technology most widely applied in developing countries. More complex technologies such as embryo transfer and molecular tools, are even less common in developing countries. Use of biotechnologies is in general biased towards cattle, and examples of the application of biotechnologies in the management of locally adapted breeds are limited. Most developing countries express the wish to increase the utilization of biotechnologies. However, in many cases clear plans for incorporating technologies into animal genetic resource management are lacking.

Resumen

Como parte de la estrategia de liderazgo de los países en la gestión de los recursos zoogenéticos, la FAO invitó 188 países a participar en la preparación del Primer Informe sobre la situación mundial de los recursos zoogenéticos. Utilizando la información proporcionada por los 148 informes nacionales listos para analizar en julio del 2005, este artículo presenta una visión global de la capacidad y utilización des las biotecnologías reproductivas y moleculares en la gestión de los recursos zoogenéticos. Las descripciones regionales evidencian la distribución de las distintas biotecnologías junto con una discusión sobre especies y razas focalizada sobre su uso, así como la implicación de los ganaderos en la entrega de servicios. Se comprueba sin sorpresa que existe una gran diferencia en la utilización de la biotecnología entre países desarrollados y en desarrollo. Tecnologías más complejas, tales como la transferencia de embriones y herramientas moleculares son incluso menos comunes en los países en desarrollo. La utilización de biotecnologías está orientada hacia los bovinos y los ejemplos de aplicación de biotecnologías en la gestión de razas locales adaptadas es muy limitado. Muchos de los países en desarrollo solicitan un aumento en la utilización de las biotecnologías. Sin embargo, en muchos casos existe una escasez de planes efectivos para la incorporación de nuevas tecnologías en la gestión de los recursos zoogenéticos.

Type
Research Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2007

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Bayer, W. 2005. Poverty and biotechnology - putting things in perspective. In 4th All Africa Conference on Animal Agriculture and 31st Annual Meeting of the Tanzania Society for Animal Production. (Plenary Session 1: Biotech in agriculture - challenges and opportunities), Arusha, Tanzania, September 20-24, 2005, pp. 1.Google Scholar
Cardellino, R., Hoffmann, I. & Tempelman, K.A. 2005. First Report on the State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources. In Makar, H.P.S., & Viljoen, G.S., (Eds). Applications of Gene-Based Technologies for Improving Animal Production and Health in Developing Countries, Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 8998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Delgado, C., Rosegrant, M., Steinfeld, H., Ehui, S. & Courbois, C.. 1999. Livestock to 2020: The next food revolution. Food Agriculture and the Environment. Discussion Paper No. 228. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington.Google Scholar
FAO. 1993. Investment for sustainable livestock development in developing countries, by Walshe, M.J. In Mack, S. (Ed.). Strategies for sustainable animal agriculture in developing countries, Proceedings of the FAO Expert Consultation held in Rome, Italy 10-14 December 1990, Animal Production and Health Paper, No. 107. FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
FAO. 1996. Biotechnology options for improving livestock production in developing countries, with special reference to sub-Saharan Africa, by Rege, J.E.O., In Lebbie, S.H.B. & Kagwini, E., (Eds). Small Ruminant Research and Development in Africa, Proceedings of the Third Biennial Conference of the African Small Ruminant Research Network UICC, Kampala, Uganda, 5-9 December 1994. FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
FAO. 2001. Preparation of the first report on the state of the world's animal genetic resources. Guidelines for the preparation of CRs. FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
FAO. 2004. The State of Food and Agriculture 2003–04. Agricultural Biotechnology - meeting the needs of the poor? FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
FAO. 2005. Biotechnology potential in support of rural development: pros & cons. Paper prepared for the Twenty-Eighth FAO Regional Conference for the Near East, Sana'a, Republic of Yemen, 12–16 March, 2006. FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
Hiemstra, S.J., Lende, T. van der & Woelders, H.. 2005. The potential of cryopreservation and reproductive technologies for animal genetic resources conservation strategies. In The role of biotechnology for the characterisation and conservation of crop, forestry, animal and fishery genetic resources. Proceedings of a workshop (FAO, EAAP, ASPA, ECONOGENE), Turin, Italy, 5-7 March 2005. FAO, Rome. pp. 25-35, www.fao.org/biotech/docs/hiemstra.pdf.Google Scholar
Thibier, M., Humbolt, P. & Guerin, B.. 2004. Role of reproductive biotechnologies: global perspective, current methods and success rates, In Simm, G., Villanueva, B., Sinclair, K.D. & Townsend, S. (Eds), Farm Animal Genetic Resources. British Society for Animal Science, Publication 30, Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, United Kingdom, pp. 171189.Google Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The use of reproductive and molecular biotechnology in Animal Genetic Resources management - a global overview1
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

The use of reproductive and molecular biotechnology in Animal Genetic Resources management - a global overview1
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

The use of reproductive and molecular biotechnology in Animal Genetic Resources management - a global overview1
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *