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Heritability of Personality and Behavior Pattern

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 August 2014

Ray H. Rosenman*
Affiliation:
The Harold Brunn Institute, Mount Zion Hospital and Medical Center, San Francisco, California, USA
Richard H. Rahe
Affiliation:
Naval Health Research Center, Department of the Navy, San Diego, California, USA
Nemat O. Borhani
Affiliation:
Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA
Manning Feinleib
Affiliation:
National Heart and Lung Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
*
Harold Brunn Institute, Mount Zion Hospital and Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94115, USA

Abstract

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As part of the National Heart and Lung Institute multicenter study of twins, 190 twin pairs (93 MZ, 97 DZ) residing in California and aged 44-55 years were comprehensively studied for all risk factors for coronary heart disease and for Behavior Pattern Type A or B. Psychological tests included MMPI, CPI, 16 Cattell PF, Cough Adjective Check List (ACL), Thurstone Temperament Schedule (TTS). Heritability at statistically significant levels was found only for scales of TTS. Twelve scales of ACL and five scales of TTS showed significant correlations with Behavior Pattern Type A-B as well as with several risk factors, including blood pressure and serum lipids. Multiple regression equations were constructed for those characteristics accounting for significant and unique portions of the total variance of Type A-B Behavior. The use of certain scales of ACL and TTS may provide a new questionnaire for screening purposes in the assessment of Behavior Pattern Type A-B.

Type
6. Twin Studies in Human Genetics
Copyright
Copyright © The International Society for Twin Studies 1976

References

Christian, J.C., Kang, K.W., Norton, J.A. Jr. 1974. Choice of an estimate of genetic variance from twin data. Am. J. Hum. Genet., 26: 154.Google ScholarPubMed
Feinleib, M., Christian, J.C., Borhani, N.O., Rosenman, R.H., Wagner, J., Garrison, R.J., Fabsitz, R.R. 1974a. Genetics of cardiovascular disease risk factors. Conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology, San Diego, California.Google ScholarPubMed
Feinleib, M., Garrison, R.J., Borhani, N.O., Rosenman, R.H., Christian, J.C. 1974b. Studies of hypertension in twins. 2nd Int. Symp. Epidemiology of Hypertension. Chicago, Illinois.Google Scholar
Friedman, M., Rosenman, R.H. 1959. Association of specific overt behavior pattern with blood and cardiovascular findings. JAMA, 169: 1286.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rosenman, R.H., Friedman, M. 1974. Neurogenic factors in pathogenesis of coronary heart disease. Med. Clin. North Am., 58: 269.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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