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Personality and Civic Engagement: An Integrative Framework for the Study of Trait Effects on Political Behavior

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 February 2010

JEFFERY J. MONDAK*
Affiliation:
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
MATTHEW V. HIBBING*
Affiliation:
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
DAMARYS CANACHE*
Affiliation:
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
MITCHELL A. SELIGSON*
Affiliation:
Vanderbilt University
MARY R. ANDERSON*
Affiliation:
University of Tampa
*
Jeffery J. Mondak is James M. Benson Chair in Public Issues and Civic Leadership, Department of Political Science, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, 605 E. Springfield, Champaign, IL 61820 (jmondak@illinois.edu).
Matthew V. Hibbing is a graduate student in the Department of Political Science, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, 605 E. Springfield, Champaign, IL 61820 (hibbing2@illinois.edu).
Damarys Canache is Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, 605 E. Springfield, Champaign, IL 61820 (dcanache@illinois.edu).
Mitchell A. Seligson is Centennial Professor of Political Science and Professor of Sociology, Vanderbilt University, Box 1817 Station B, Nashville, TN 37325 (m.seligson@vanderbilt.edu).
Mary R. Anderson is Assistant Professor, Department of Government and World Affairs, University of Tampa, 401 W. Kennedy Blvd., Tampa, FL 33606 (mranderson@ut.edu).

Abstract

People's enduring psychological tendencies are reflected in their traits. Contemporary research on personality establishes that traits are rooted largely in biology, and that the central aspects of personality can be captured in frameworks, or taxonomies, focused on five trait dimensions: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and emotional stability. In this article, we integrate a five-factor view of trait structure within a holistic model of the antecedents of political behavior, one that accounts not only for personality, but also for other factors, including biological and environmental influences. This approach permits attention to the complex processes that likely underlie trait effects, and especially to possible trait–situation interactions. Primary tests of our hypotheses draw on data from a 2006 U.S. survey, with supplemental tests introducing data from Uruguay and Venezuela. Empirical analyses not only provide evidence of the value of research on personality and politics, but also signal some of the hurdles that must be overcome for inquiry in this area to be most fruitful.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © American Political Science Association 2010

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