Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-x5gtn Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-30T13:26:27.020Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Separation of Bone, Charcoal, and Seeds by Chemical Flotation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Connie Cox Bodner
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65201
Ralph M. Rowlett
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65201

Abstract

Gravel, bone, carbonized seeds, and charcoal recovered from a 2,000 year old cereal pit were successfully separated by chemical flotation. Specific gravities of each material were determined experimentally, and then for each pair of materials to be separated (e.g., bone from gravel, seeds from charcoal), a solution with a specific gravity intermediate between those of the two materials was used for flotation. Optimal sample sizes and possible sources of error are discussed, as are criteria for selection of solutions. A procedure for evaluating the effect of solutions and flotation practices on test seeds is also presented.

Type
Reports
Copyright
Copyright © Society for American Archaeology 1980

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

References Cited

French, D. H. 1971 An experiment in water-sieving. Anatolian Studies 21:5964.Google Scholar
Jarman, H. N., Legge, A. J., and Charles, J. A. 1972 Retrieval of plant remains from archaeological sites by froth flotation. In Papers in economic prehistory, edited by Higgs, E. S., pp. 3948. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
Minnis, Paul E., and LeBlanc, Steven 1976 An efficient, inexpensive arid lands flotation system. American Antiquity 41:491493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rowlett, Elsebet S.-J., Thomas, H. L., and Rowlett, Ralph M. 1976 Neolithic levels on the Titelberg (Luxembourg). Museum Brief, No. 18. Museum of Anthropology, University of Missouri, Columbia.Google Scholar
Rowlett, Ralph M., Thomas, Homer L., and Rowlett, Elsebet S.-J. 1974 Vorbericht zu den ausgrabungen der Missouri-Universitat (U.S.A.) auf dem Titelberg. Hemecht 26:377388.Google Scholar
Schock, Jack M. 1971 Indoor water flotation: a technique for the recovery of archaeological material. Plains Anthropologist 16:228231.Google Scholar
Stewart, R. B., and Robertson, W. IV 1973 Application of the flotation technique in arid areas. Economic Botany 27:114116.Google Scholar
Struever, Stuart 1968 Flotation techniques for the recovery of small-scale archaeological remains. American Antiquity 33:353362.Google Scholar
Thomas, Homer L. Rowlett, Ralph M., and Rowlett, Elsebet S.-J. 1975 The Titelberg: a hillfort of Celtic and Roman times. Archaeology 28:5557.Google Scholar
Thomas, Homer L. Rowlett, Ralph M., and Rowlett, Elsebet S.-J. 1976 Excavations on the Titelberg, Luxembourg. Journal of Field Archaeology 3:241259.Google Scholar
Watson, Patty Jo 1976 In pursuit of prehistoric subsistence: a comparative account of some contemporary flotation techniques. Mid-Continental Journal of Archaeology 1:77100.Google Scholar
Williams, David 1973 Flotation at Siraf. Antiquity 47:288292.Google Scholar