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Copena Galena: Source Identification and Analysis

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

John A. Walthall
Illinois Department of Transportation, 2300 South Dirksen Parkway, Springfield, IL 62764
Stephen H. Stow
Department of Geology and Geography, University of Alabama, University, AL 35486
Marvin J. Karson
Department of Statistics, University of Alabama, University, AL 35486


Galena artifacts from Middle Woodland Copena burial mounds have been analyzed by means of atomic absorption spectrophotometry in order to determine their trace element compositions. These results are compared to trace element characteristics of galena sources in eastern North America. Analysis to date suggests the Upper Mississippi Valley galena district as the source for these artifacts. Implications concerning Middle Woodland exchange systems are also offered.

Research Article
Copyright © Society for American Archaeology 1980

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