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Im Yunjidang

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 July 2022

Sungmoon Kim
City University of Hong Kong


This Element aims to critically examine the philosophical thought of Im Yunjidang 任允摯堂 (1721–93), a female Korean Neo-Confucian philosopher from the Chosŏn 朝鮮 dynasty (1392–1910), and to present her as a feminist thinker. Unlike most Korean women of her time, Yunjidang had the exceptional opportunity to be introduced to a major philosophical debate among Korean Neo-Confucians, which was focused on two core questions-whether sages and commoners share the same heart-mind, and whether the natures of human beings and animals are identical. In the course of engaging in this debate, she was able to reformulate Neo-Confucian metaphysics and ethics of moral self-cultivation, culminating in her bold ideas of the moral equality between men and women and the possibility of female sagehood. By proposing a 'stage-approach' to feminism that is also sensitive to the cultural context, this Element shows that Yunjidang's philosophical thought could be best captured in terms of Confucian feminism.
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Online ISBN: 9781009024068
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication: 11 August 2022

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Im Yunjidang
  • Sungmoon Kim, City University of Hong Kong
  • Online ISBN: 9781009024068
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Im Yunjidang
  • Sungmoon Kim, City University of Hong Kong
  • Online ISBN: 9781009024068
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Im Yunjidang
  • Sungmoon Kim, City University of Hong Kong
  • Online ISBN: 9781009024068
Available formats