Allchin, F. R., ed. 1995. The Archaeology of Early Historic South Asia: The Emergence of Cities and States. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Archaeological Survey of India. 1994–1995. Indian Archaeology: A Review. Government of India. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India.
Baines, J. and Yoffee, N.. 1998. “Order, Legitimacy, and Wealth in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.” In Archaic States, eds. Feinman, G. M. and Marcus, J., pp. 199–260. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press.
Baines, J. and Yoffee, N.. 2000. “Order, Legitimacy, and Wealth: Setting the Terms.” In Order, Legitimacy, and Wealth in Ancient States, eds. Richards, J. E. and Van Buren, M., pp. 13–17. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Barba, F. 2004. “The Fortified Cities of the Ganges Plain in the First Millennium B.C.” East and West, 54(1/4):223–50.
Chakrabarti, Dilip K. 1995. The Archaeology of Ancient Indian Cities. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Chakrabarti, Dilip K. 1999. India, An Archaeological History: Palaeolithic Beginnings to Early Historic Foundations. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Chakrabarti, Dilip K. 2000. “Mahajanapada States of Early Historic India.” In A Comparative Study of Thirty City-State Cultures, ed. Hansen, M. H., pp. 375–91. Denmark: Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab.
Charlton, T. and Nichols, D., eds. 1997. The Archaeology of City-States: Cross Cultural Approaches. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Childe, V. Gordon. 1950. “The Urban Revolution.” The Town Planning Review, 21(1):3–17.
Chattopadhyaya, B. D. 1997. “The City in Early India: Perspectives From Texts.” Studies in History, 13(2):181–208.
Chattopadhyaya, B. D. 2003. “Transition to the Early Historical Phase in the Deccan: A Note.” In Studying Early India: Archaeology, Texts and Historical Issues, ed. Chattopadhyaya, B. D., pp. 39–47. New Delhi: Permanent Black.
Erdosy, G. 1988. Urbanization in Early Historic India. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.
Erdosy, G. 1995. “City States of North India and Pakistan at the Time of the Buddha.” In The Archaeology of Early Historic South Asia: The Emergence of Cities and States, ed. Allchin, F. R., pp. 99–122. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Fritz, J. M., Michell, G. A., and Nagaraja Rao, M. S.. 1985. Where Kings and Gods Meet: The Royal Center of Vijayanagara. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
Gallon, M. D. 2013. “Ideology, Identity and the Construction of Urban Communities: The Archaeology of Kamphaeng Saen, Central Thailand (Fifth to Ninth Centuries CE).” Unpublished PhD dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Ghosh, A., ed. 1990. An Encyclopedia of Indian Archaeology, vol. I. Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill.
Heitzman, J. 1984. “Early Buddhism, Trade and Empire.” In Studies in the Archaeology and Palaeoanthropology of South Asia, eds. Kennedy, K. A. R. and Possehl, G. L., pp. 121–37. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Heitzman, J. 1997. Gifts of Power: Lordship in an Early Indian State. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Heitzman, J. 2008. The City in South Asia. New York: Routledge.
Joshi, S. K. 1996. “Early Fort Architecture in Banavasi and Sannati: A Study.” In Art and Architecture in Karnataka, eds. Devaraj, D. V. and Patil, C. B., pp. 169–71. Mysore, India: Directorate of Archaeology and Museums.
Kaul, S. 2010. Imagining the Urban: Sanskrit and the City in Early India. Delhi: Permanent Black.
Kenoyer, J. M. 1997. “Early City-States in South Asia: Comparing the Harappan Phase and Early Historic Period.” In The Archaeology of City-States: Cross Cultural Approaches, eds. Nichols, D. L. and Charlton, T. H., pp. 51–70. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Kenoyer, J. M. 1998. Ancient Cities of the Indus Valley Civilization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lal, M. 1984. Settlement History and the Rise of Civilization in the Ganga-Yamuna Doab. Delhi: B. R. Publishing.
Lycett, M. T. and Morrison, K. D.. 2013. “The ‘Fall’ of Vijayanagara Reconsidered: Political Destruction and Historical Construction in South Indian History.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 56:433–70.
Marshall, J. 1951. Taxila: An Illustrated Account of Archaeological Excavations. London: Cambridge University Press.
Morrison, K. D. 2009. Daroji Valley: Landscape History, Place, and the Making of a Dryland Reservoir System. Delhi: Manohar.
Murthy, A. V. Narasimha et al., eds. 1997. Excavations at Banavasi. Mysore, India: Directorate of Archaeology and Museums.
Nilikanta Sastri, K. N. 1955. A History of India From Prehistoric Times to the Fall of Vijayanagara. London: Oxford University Press.
Parasher-Sen, A. 1993. Social and Economic History of the Early Deccan: Some Interpretations. New Delhi: Manohar Publishers.
Parasher-Sen, A. 2011. Subordinate and Marginal Groups in Early India. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Possehl, G. L. 1993. “The Date of Indus Urbanization: A Proposed Chronology for the Pre-Urban and Urban Harappan Phases.” In A South Asian Archaeology 1991, eds. Mevissen, G. and Mevissen, G. J. R., pp. 231–49. Stuttgart, Germany: Franz Steiner Verlag.
Possehl, G. L. 2002. The Indus Civilization: A Contemporary Perspective. Lanham, MD: Altamira Press.
Ratnagar, S. 1991. Enquiries Into the Political Organization of Harappan Society. Pune, India: Ravish Publishers.
Ray, H. P. 1986. Monastery and Guild: Commerce Under the Satavahanas. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Richards, J. and Van Buren, M., eds. 2000. Order, Legitimacy, and Wealth in Ancient States. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Rogers, J. D. 2007. “The Contingencies of State Formation in Eastern Inner Asia.” Asian Perspectives, 46(2):249–74.
Scott, J. C. 1998. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Shaffer, J. G. 1991. “The Indus Valley, Baluchistan, and Helmand Traditions: Neolithic Through Bronze Age.” In Chronologies in Old World Archaeology, 2 vols., ed. Ehrich, R. W., pp. 441–64 (vol. 1) and 425–46 (vol. 2). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Singh, U. 2008. A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century. Delhi: Pearson Longman.
Singh, U., ed. 2011. Rethinking Early Medieval India: A Reader. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Sinopoli, C. M. 2001. “On the Edge of Empire: Form and Substance in the Satavahana Dynasty.” In Empires: Perspectives From Archaeology and History, eds. Alcock, S. E., D'Altroy, T. N., Morrison, K. D., and Sinopoli, C. M., pp. 155–78. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Sinopoli, C. M. 2005. The Political Economy of Craft Production: Crafting Empire in South India, c. 1350–1650. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Sinopoli, C. M. 2010. “Vijayanagara Research: A Template for Interdisciplinary Scholarship on India's Past.” In South India Under Vijayanagara, eds. Verghese, A. and Dallapiccola, A. L., pp. 13–24. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Sinopoli, C. M. 2011. “Local Histories and Historical Narratives in the Central Tungabhadra Region of South India.” In Knowing India: Colonial and Modern Constructions of the Past, ed. Talbot, C., pp. 308–40. New Delhi: Yoda Press.
Sinopoli, C. M. 2015. “Ancient South Asian Cities in Their Regions.” In The Cambridge World History, vol. 3: A World With Cities, ca. 3000 BC–1200 CE, ed. Yoffee, N., pp. 319–42. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Sinopoli, C. M. and Morrison, K. D.. 2007. The Vijayanagara Metropolitan Survey, vol. 1. University of Michigan. Ann Arbor, MI: Museum of Anthropology.
Smith, M. E. 2009. “Centenary Paper: V. Gordon Childe and the Urban Revolution: A Historical Perspective on a Revolution in Urban Studies.” Town Planning Review, 80(1):3–28.
Smith, M. L. 2001. The Archaeology of an Early Historic Town in Central India. Oxford: Archaeopress.
Smith, M. L. 2003. “Early Walled Cities of the Indian Subcontinent as ‘Small Worlds.’” In The Social Construction of Ancient Cities, ed. Smith, M. L., pp. 269–89. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Smith, M. L. 2006. “The Archaeology of South Asian Cities.” Journal of Archaeological Research, 14:97–142.
Smith, M. L. 2012. “Seeking Abundance: Consumption as a Motivating Factor in Cities Past and Present.” Research in Economic Anthropology, 32:27–51.
Smith, M. L. and Mohanty, R.K.. 2009. “Excavations at Sisupalgarh 2008.” Man and Environment, 34:47–56.
Smith, M. L. 2010. “Investigations at the Early Historic City of Sisupalgarh, India, 2005–2007.” Proceedings of the 19th Meeting of the European Association of South Asian Archaeology, Ravenna, eds. Callieri, P. and Colliva, L., pp. 337–44. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.
Stein, B. 1989. Vijayanagara: The New Cambridge History of India, vol. 1, part 2. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Sugandhi, N. 2008. “Between the Patterns of History: Rethinking Mauryan Imperial Interaction in the Southern Deccan.” Unpublished PhD dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
Suvrathan, T. 2013. “Complexity on the Periphery: A Study of Regional Organization at Banavasi, c. 1st–18th Century A.D. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Thapar, R. 2002. Early India: From the Origins to AD 1300. New Delhi: Penguin.
Wright, H. T. 1977. “Recent Research on the Origins of the State.” Annual Review of Anthropology, 6:379–97.
Wright, R. P. 2010. The Ancient Indus: Urbanism, Economy and Society. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Yoffee, N. 2005. Myths of the Archaic State: Evolution of the Earliest Cities, States, and Civilizations. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.