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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: March 2019

8 - Smart Mixes in Forest Governance1

from Part II - Fisheries and Forestry

Summary

This chapter examines the extent to which public and private regulations interact in facilitating the necessary preconditions for effectively addressing common pool resources through clearly defining property rights, enhancing enforcement capacity, smoothing coordination, generating and sharing information and operating the right scale of governance. Existing studies identify three types of property rights that address common pool resource problems relating to forestry: public property rights, private property rights and communal property rights. Substantial transaction costs can, however, be involved in the establishment and maintenance of property rights; these costs are influenced by many factors, including especially public and private regulation. Moreover, clearly established property rights may still fail to address common pool resource problems due to the existence of externalities, which justify the intervention of regulation. Rather than working separately, public and private regulation often interact with each other. This chapter uses forest governance in Bolivia, Canada, Indonesia, Sweden and the US as models to explore how public and private regulations interact to facilitate the establishment and maintenance of property rights on the one hand, and to overcome the failures of the government and market on the other.

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